Alba

Scotland (Gaelic; Scots-Lallans) / Nova Scotia (Gaelic)

Eskozia (Gaelikoa; Scots-Lallans) / Nova Scotia (Gaelikoa)

 

Celtic nations at GeoNative: Breizh (Brittany), Alba (Scotland), Éire (Ireland), Cymru (Wales), Mannin (Isle of Man), Kernow (Cornwall).

Herri zelta guztiak GeoNativen: Breizh (Bretainia), Alba (Eskozia), Éire (Irlanda), Cymru (Gales), Mannin (Man uhartea), Kernow (Kornualles).


Scotland

Population: 5.1 million. Capital: Edinburgh, but the main city is Glasgow. Two minority languages are spoken here: the native celtic language, Gaelic, and Lallans, an Anglo-saxon variant. Gaelic was never spoken in the Orkney and Shetland Islands. The people there used to speak a dialect of Norwegian called Norn but this is now extinct.

In this page, introductory information about the languages (Gaelic, Scots), and placenames tables for islands (in Gaelic), and another one for towns and cities (very large, Gaelic and Lallans). Also, below, Gaelic in Nova Scotia (Canada).

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Alba

Eskoziarrak, 5.1 m. Hiriburua: Edinburgo (gaelikoz, Dun Eideann; 439.000 biz.). Hiri nagusia: Glasgow (gaelikoz, Glaschu; 750.000 biz.). Bi gutxiengo hizkuntza: jatorrizko mintzaira zeltikoa (Gaelikoa), eta ingelesaren ahaide bat, Lallans edo eskoziera (Scots). Bestetik, Gaelikoa ez da sekula mintzatu Orkney eta Shetland uharteetan. Hor Norvegieraren aldakin bat, Norn delakoa, zen jatorrizko hizkuntza baina aspaldi desagertu zen.

Orri honetan, bi hizkuntzei buruzko informazio laburra (Gaelikoa, Scots), eta toki-izen taulak: bat uharteena, ingelesez eta gaelikoz, eta bestea herri eta hiriena (oso luzea), hiru hizkuntzatan. Baita, beherago, Gaelikoa Nova Scotia-n (Kanada).



Gaelic

Scotland is called Alba in Scottish Gaelic or Gàidhlig. Only 89.000 people speak Gaelic, mainly in the Highland and north-western islands. Scotland has another language in addition to Gaelic. The Scottish diaspora has also maintained Gaelic abroad, as in Nova Scotia,Canada (see below).

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Gàidhlig

Eskoziari Alba esaten zaio Gaelikoz (Gàidhlig hizkuntzan, alegia). Egun soilik 89.000 lagunen hizkuntza da, eta batik bat mendialde edo Highlands eskualdean, eta ipar-mendebaldeko uharteetan daude hiztunak. Diasporak, berriz, kanpoan ere gorde du toki batzuetan Gaelikoa, batik bat Nova Scotia-n, Kanadan (ikus beherago).



Scots (Lallans)

Scots or Lallans (as it is also called) has about the same relationship to standard English as Castillian does to Portuguese. It is also spoken in Northern Ireland, where it is called Ulster-Scots (see here, in another page).

 

 

Scots (Lallans)

Scots edo Eskoziera (Lallans ere esaten zaio hizkuntza honi) dialektotzat dute batzuek, beste batzuek hizkuntzatzat. Gaztelania Portugesetik bezainbat bereizten da, gutxi gora-behera. Honen ahaide den hizkuntza bat ere badago Irlandan, Ulster-Scots, eskoziar etorkinek duela zenbait gizaldi hara eramandakoa, eta egun Ipar Irlandan mintzatzen da batik bat (ikus hemen, beste orri batean).





Uharteak / Islands

Ingelesez / English

Gaelikoz

Benbecula

Beinn nam Fadhla / Beinn a' Bhaoghla

Berneray

Beàrnaraigh / Na Hearadh

Bute

Bód

Coll

Colla

Colonsay

Colbhasa

Cumbrae

Cumaradh

Eriskay

Éirisgeigh

Gigha

Giogha

Great Bernera

Beàraigh (Ùig)

Hebrides

Innse Gall

Kerrera

Cearrara

Lismore

Liosmór

Orkney

Àrcaibh

Raasay

Ratharsaigh

Scalpay

Sgalpaigh

Shetland

Sealtainn

Tiree

Tiriodh

Ulva

Ulbha



Herri eta hiriak / Towns and cities

Ingelesez

Gaelikoz

Lallans

* Scotland

* Alba

Aberdeen

Obar Dheadhain

Aiberdeen

Aberdour

Obar Dobhair

Aberfeldy

Obar Pheallaidh

Aberfoyle

Obar Phuill

Achnasheen

Achadh na Sìne

Airdrie

An Àrd Ruigh

Anstruther

Enster

Arbroath

Obar Bhrothaig

Ardrossan

Àird Rosain

Ardrossan

Àird Rosain

Arran

Arainn

Aviemore

An Aghaidh Mhór

Ayr

Inbhir Àir

Baldridge

Bawdrick

Ballachulish

Baile a' Chaolais

Ballater

Bealadair

Ballingry

Bail' a Gharaidh

Bingrie

Ballintrae

Baile na Tràgha

Balloch

Bealach

Balquhidder

Both Phuidir

Banff

Banbh

Barra

Barraigh

Bathgate

Bathkit

Beauly

A' Mhanachainn

Berwick

Bearaig

Bettyhill

Am Blàran Odhar

Black Isle

An t-Eilean Dubh

Blair Atholl

Blàr Athaill

Bowershall

Bourshaw

Braemar [barrtuia / district]

Bràigh Mhàrr

Braemar [herria / village]

Baile a' Chaisteil

Bridge of Allan

Drochaid Alain

Bridge of Dee

Drochaid Dhé

Brig o Dee

Bridge of Orchy

Drochaid Urchaidh

Brodick

Tràigh a' Chaisteil

Broomhall

Bruimhaw

Brora

Brùra

Broughton

Brochtoun

Broughty Ferry

Brochtie

Buckhaven

Buckhyne

Burghead

Am Broch

Brochheid

Burntisland

Brunteilan

Callander

Calasraid

Cambuslang

Camas Long

Campbelltown

Ceann Loch / Chille Chiarain

Carlups

Carline's Lowp

Charlestown

Baile Theàrlaich

Chairlestoun

Coatbridge

Coatbrig

Cockenzie

Cùil Choinnich

Cockinnie

Coldstream

Am Fuar Allt

Caustrim

Cowal

Còmhal

Crail

Cathair Aile

The Crail

Crianlarich

A' Chrìon Làraich

Culross

Cuileann Ros

Couross

Cumbernauld

Comar nan Allt

Cummernaud

Cupar

Cùbar Fìobha

Dalgetty

Dawgittie

Dalkeith

Dail Cheith

Daulkeith

Dalmally

Clachan an Dìsirt

Dalwhinnie

Dail Chuinnidh

Dingwall

Inbhir Pheofharain

Dornoch

Dòrnach

Drumnadrochit

Druim na Drochaid

Dumbarton

Dùn Breatann

Dumfermline

Dumfaurlin

Dumfries

Dùn Phris

Dunblane

Dùn Bhlàthain

Dundee

Dun Dèagh

Dunfermline

Dùn Phàrlain

Dunfermline

Dùn Phàrlain

Dunkeld

Dùn Chailleann

Dunoon

Dùn Omhain

Edinburgh

Dùn Éideann

Embro

Elgin

Eilginn

Falkirk

An Eaglais Bhreac

Fawkirk

Forres

Farrais

Fort Augustus

Cille Chuimein

Fort William

An Gearasdan / Gearasdan Inbhir Lòchaidh

Fraserburgh

Baile nam Frisealach

Gairloch

Geàrrloch

Galasheils

An Geal Àth

Garve

Gairbh

Glasgow

Glaschu

Glesga

Glencoe

Gleann Comhan

Golspie

Goillspidh

Gowkhall

Gowkhaw

Greenock

Grianaig

Halbeath

Hawbaith

Halkets-hall

Haggies-haw

Harris

Na Hearadh

Helmsdale

Bun Ilidh

Inveraray

Inbhir Aora

Invergary

Inbhir Garadh

Invergordon

Inbhir Ghòrdain / An Rubha

Inverkeithing

Inbhir Chéitinn

Inverness

Inbhir Nis

Innerness

Inverurie

Inbhir Ùraidh

Iona

Ì Chaluim Chille / Eilean Idhe

Islay

Ìle

Jedburgh

Deadard

Jeddart

John O'Groats

Taigh Iain Ghròt

Jura

Diùra

Keith

Baile Cheith

Kilconquar

Cill Chonchuir

Kineuchar

Kilconquhar

Killin

Cill Fhinn

Kilmarnock

Cill Mhearnaig

Kilsyth

Cill Saidhe

Kincardin

Cinn Chàrdainn

Keingcairn

Kingussie

Cean a' Ghiuthsaich

Kinlochbervie

Ceann Loch Biorbhaigh

Kinross

Ceann Rois

Kintail

Cinn Tàile

Kirkcudbright

Cille Chuithbeirt

Kirkoubrie

Kirkwall

Baile na h-Eaglaise

Kirkwaa

Kyle of Lochalsh

Caol Loch Aillse

Kyleakin

Caol Àcain

Lairg

An Luirg

Lanark

Lannraig

Largo

Leargach

Lergie

Largs

An Leargaidh Ghallda

Lewis

Leódhas

Linlithgow

Gleann Iucha

Lithca

Loch Lomond

Loch Laomainn

Loch Ness

Loch Nis

Lochcarron

Loch Carrann

Lochgilphead

Ceann Loch Gilb

Lochgoilhead

Ceann Loch Goill

Lochinver

Loch an Inbhir

Melrose

Maol Ros

Milngavie

Muileann Dhaibhidh

Mulgey

Montrose

Monadh Rois / Montròsa

Motherwell

Tobar na Màthar

Muir of Ord

Am Blàr Dubh

Mull

Muile

Mull of Kintyre

Maol Chinn Tìre

Musselburgh

Baile nam Feusgan

Nairn

Inbhir Narann

Nethertown

Am Baile Shìos

The Nethertoun

Newtonmore

Baile Ùr an t-Sléibh

North Uist

Uidhist a Tuath

Oban

An t-Oban

Paisley

Pàislig

Perth

Peairt

Peterhead

Ceann Phàdraig

Pitlochry

Baile Chloichridh

Portree

Port Rìgh

Prestonpans

The Pans

Ravenshaugh

Ravensheuch

Rothesay

Baile Bhóid

Skye

An t-Eilean Sgitheanach

South Uist

Uibhist a Deas

Spean Bridge

Drochaid Aonachain

St Andrews

Cill Rìmhinn

Stenton

Stanetoun

Stewarton

Baile nan Stiùbhartach

Stirling

Sruighlea

Stonehaven

Caladh nan Clach

Steenhyve

Stonehouse

Taigh nan Clach

Stanehoose

Stornoway

Steòrnabhagh

Stranraer

An t-Sròn Reamhar

Tain

Baile Dhubhthaich

Tarbert

An Tairbeart

Taynuilt

Taigh an Uillt

The Lothian

Labhdaidh

Lowden

The Trossachs

Na Tròiseachan

Thurso

Inbhir Theòrsa

Tillicoultry

Tulaich Caoltraigh

Tilliecoutrie

Tobermory

Tobar Mhoire

Tomintoul

Tom an t-Sabhail

Tyndrum

Taigh an Droma

Uist

Uibhist

Ullapool

Ulapul

Wick

Inbhir Ùige

Yetholm

Yettum



Nova Scotia

The province of Nova Scotia (originally inhabited by the Micmac) in Atlantic Canada was colonised mainly by immigrants from Scotland. Those frome the Highlands brought Gaelic with them, and the language has survived till our days. Now only a few hundred native speakers are left, mostly elderly people, in Antigonish and Guysborough counties and Cape Breton island. New learners and revivalists have appeared among younger generations.

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Alba Nuadh

Nova Scotia probintzia Kanadako eskualde atlantikoan Eskoziako etorkinekin kolonizatu zuten britainiarrek batik bat (haien aurretik, jatorrizko biztanleak Mikmak-ak ziren. Haietarik batzuek Gaelikoa eraman zuten Kanadara, eta han iraun du gaur arte. Ehundaka batzuk jatorrizko hiztun geratzen dira, jende zaharra batik bat, Antigonish eta Guysborough konterrietan eta Cape Breton uharteetan. Belaunaldi berrietarik, hizkuntzaren aldeko mugimendua eta hiztun ikasiak sortu dira azken urteotan.


Mapetan (ingelesez) / Map name (English)

Gaelikoz

* Nova Scotia

* Alba Nuadh / Alba Ùr

Ainslie Lake

Loch Ainslidh

Albert Bridge

Aiseag Mhira

Antigonish County

Siorramachd Antigonis

Antigonish [herria / town]

Baile Mór

Arisaig

Àrasaig

Baddeck

Badaig

Ben Eoin

Beinn Eòin

Big Pond

Am Pòn Mór

Boisdale

Baghasdail

Boularderie Island

An t-Eilein Mór

Canso Strait

Caolas Chanso / An Gut

Cape Breton

Ceap Breatuinn

Cape George

Ceap Sheòrais

Cape North

Ceap Nòr

Christmas Island

Eilein na Nollaig

Dingwall

Inbhir-pheofharain

Dundee

Dùn Deagh

Earltown

Baile'n Iarla

Englishtown

Baile nan Gall

Giant's Lake

Loch an Fhamhair / A' Léig Mhór

Glace Bay

Glasbaidh

Glencoe

Gleann Comhann

Grand Mira

A' Mhira Mhór

Guysborough [herria / town]

Baile Mhainisdear

Guysborough [konterria / county]

Am Mainisdear

Indian Point

Rudha nan Innseanach

Inverness [herria / town]

Baile Inbhir Nis / An Sìthean

Iona

Sanndraigh (Idhe)

Irish Cove

Camus nan Éireannach

Judique

Siùdaig

Lanark

Leanndraic

Lismore

Lios Mór

Loch Katrine

Loch Ceiteirein / A' Bhràigh Ard

Mabou

Màbu, An Drochaid

Marble Mountain

A' Bheinn-a-Tuath

Margaree

Margaraidh

Margaree Harbour

Am Acarsaid (Mhargaraidh)

Marion Bridge

Drochaid Mhira

Meat Cove

Camus na Feòla

New Glasgow

Baile Beag / Glaschu Ùr

Newfoundland

Eilein a' Trosg

North Sydney

Am Bàr / Sidni-a-Tuath

Pictou Island

Eilean Phictou

Pleasant Bay

Am Bàgh Toilichte

Port Hastings

Còbh a' Phlàstair

Port Hawkesbury

Baile a' Chlamhain / An Gut

Port Hood

Seastago

Prince Edward Island

Eilein a' Phrionnsa / Eilein Eòin

Scotsburn

Allt nan Albannach / Beinn na Mathanach

St. Ann's

Baile Anna

St. Peter's

Baile Pheadair

Strathlorne

Srath Lathurna

Sydney

Baile Shidni

Sydney Mines

Mèinnean Shidni

Victoria County

Siorramachd Bhictoria

West Bay

An Bàgh an Iar

White Point

An Rubha Geal

Whycocomagh

Hogamah



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Eskozia: hiri nagusiak
Scotland: main cities

Eskoziako konterrien mapa
County map of Scotland

Nova Scotiako mapa, Kanadan
Map of Nova Scotia, Kanada



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