Belgika, Walonia

Belgium, Wallonia


Belgikako hizkuntz komunitateen auzia nahasi samarra da. Apur bat argitzeko, zenbait taula egin ditugu hiru orritan banaturik:
 
1. Brusela eta Flandria.
  • Sarrera, azalpena
  • 1.1. Brusela: Elebiduna frantsesez eta holandesez.
  • 1.2 Flandria: Holandesa; gutxiengoek eskubiderik ez.
  • 1.3. Flandroa: Holandesa + gutxiengo eskubideak frantsesarentzat.
2. Walonia: Frantsesa eta Waloniera (orri hau berau)
  • 2.1. Walonia: Frantsesa; gutxiengoek eskubiderik ez
  • 2.2. Walonia: Frantsesa + gutxiengo eskubideak holandesarentzat.
  • 2.3. Walonia: Waloniera (eskubiderik gabe).
3. Alemana Walonian.
  • 3.1. Eskualde alemana Walonian.
  • 3.2. Walonia: Frantsesa + gutxiengo eskubideak alemanarentzat..
  • 3.3. Walonia: gutxiengo eskubiderik ez dialekto alemanaren hiztunentzat Luxenburg probintzian.
  • 3.4. Alemana Belgikako eskualde ez alemanetan.
Mapa batzuk ere bai:
Ikus era berean Holandesa (Flandriera) Frantzian.

 

To deal with the complex language situation in Belgium we have put three pages with several tables:
 
1. Brussels and Flanders
  • General introduction
  • 1.1. Brussels: Bilingual in French and Dutch.
  • 1.2 Flanders: Dutch; no linguistic minority rights
  • 1.3. Flanders: Dutch + linguistic minority rights for French speaking
2. Wallonia: French and Walloon (this page)
  • 2.1. Wallonia: French; no linguistic minority rights
  • 2.2. Wallonia: French + linguistic minority rights for Dutch speaking
  • 2.3. Wallonia: Walloon (nor recognised).
3. German in Wallonia.
  • 3.1. German region in Wallonia
  • 3.2. Wallonia: French + linguistic minority rights for German speaking
  • 3.3. Wallonia: no linguistic minority rights for German dialect speakers of Luxemburg province
  • 3.4. German in non-german areas of Belgium.
Also some maps:
Check also the table for Dutch (Flemish) in France.

 


2.1.

Walonia

Frantsesa; gutxiengoek eskubiderik ez. Hala ere, egon behar du hor nonbait holandesez mintzo den talde frandirarren bat. XIX. mendean etorkin asko joan ziren indutsria guneetara, baina badirudi oso azkar asimilatu zirela.

Wallonia

French; no linguistic minority rights. There are also (there MUST be), a french speaking minority in the area of Flanders with no recognised rights, as well as Flemish in Wallonia, and Germans all over Belgium. In Wallony, from the 19th century until the 30's there was a big immigration of Flemish to the industrial and mining centres of Wallony. But they all assimilated very quickly.

*Frantsesez

*Holandesez / *Dutch

Arlon

Aarlen

Ath

Aat

Bastogne

Bastenaken

Beauvechain

Bevekom

Bergilers

Bellik

Braine-l'-Alleud

Eigenbrakel

Braine-le-Château

Kasteelbrakel

Braine-le-Comte

's Gravenbrakel

Deux-Acren

Twee Akren

Gembloux

Gembloers

Genappe

Genepiën

Grandville

Nederliek

Grez-Doiceau

Graven

Hannut

Hannuit

Henri-Chapelle

Hendrik-Kapelle

Huy

Hoei

Jodoigne

Geldenaken

Jodoigne-Souveraine

Opgeldenaken

Jurbise

Jurbeke

La Hulpe

Terhulpen

Lanaye

Ternaaien

Lessines

Lessen

Liège

Luik

Limbourg

Limburg

Mons

Bergen

Namur

Namen

Nivelles

Nijvel

Oleye

Liek

Oreye

Oerle

Othée

Elch (Elg)

Pellaines

Pellen

Perwez

Perwijs

Racour

Raatshoven

Saint-Jean-Geest

Sint-Jans-Geest

Silly

Opzullik

Soignies

Zinnik

Tournai

Doornik

Tubise

Tubeke

Visé

Wezet

Waremme

Borgworm

Wauthier-Braine

Woutersbrakel

Wavre

Waver

Wihogne

Nudorp


2.2.

Walonia

Frantsesa + gutxiengo eskubiderak holandesarentzat.

Wallonia

French + linguistic minority rights for Dutch speaking

*Frantsesez

*Holandesez / *Dutch

Bas-Warneton

Neerwaasten

Comines

Komen

Dottignies

Dottenijs

Enghien

Edingen

Flobecq

Vloesberg

Marcq

Mark

Mouscron

Moeskroen

Warneton

Waasten


2.3.

Waloniera

Waloniera delakoa frantsesaren aldakin bat da, Langue d'Oil delakoen artean bat. Waloniako parte zabal batean mintzatzen da. Baita Frantzian Ardennes departamentuan (Givet herriaren inguruan), eta Luxenburgon (bizpahiru herri: Doncols, Sonlez...).Unescok arrisku handian dauden hizkuntzen artean sailkatzen du. Belgikanm, 3.2 milioi biztanleko populazio batean %10% dira hiztun aktiboak. Luxenburgon 1.000 hiztun inguru, eta bakan batzuk Frantzian.

Walloon language

Walloon, one of the Langues d'Oil or northern variants of French is spoken on most of Wallonia; also in France in the north of the departement des Ardennes (around the town of Givet), and in Luxembourg (two or three villages: Doncols, Sonlez...). It is listed as an seriously endangered language by Unesco. In Belgium, active speakers amount 10% of a population of 3,200,000. Passive knowledge still much more frequent; in Luxembourg, about 1,000 speakers or members of the ethnic group; in France, a small number.

*Frantsesez

*Walonieraz

Annevoie

An'vôye

Bastogne

Bastogne

Beauraing

Biarin / Bièrin

Bouillon

Bouyon

Charleroi

Châlerwè

Châtelet

Tchèss'lèt

Chimay

Chimê

Ciney

Cînè

Couvin

Couvin

Dinant

Dinant

Durbuy

Dèrbu

Eghezée

Ingèzéye

Falaën

Falayin

Gerpinnes

Djèrpène

Givet (in France)

Djivet

Herstal

Hèsta

Herve

Hêve

Huy

Hu

Irchonwelz

Chonwé

Jumet

Djumèt

Kemexhe

K'mèh

La Roche

Al Rotche

Liège

Lîdje

Malmédy

Mâmdi

Marche-en-Famenne

Mautche

Marcinelle

Mârcinèle

Meuse [river]

Moûze

Namur

Nameur

Neufchâteau

Lu Tchestê

Nismes

Nime

Nivelles

Nivèle

Ottignies

Otini / Ok'gni / Otni

Philippeville

Flipvile

Profondeville

Parfond'vîye

Rochefort

Rotch'fwârt

Saint-Hubert

Sint-Yubèr / Sint-Ubèr

Sambre [river]

Sambe

Seraing

Sèrè

Spa

Spâ

Stavelot

Stâv'leû

Thuin

Twin

Thy-le-Château

Tî / Tî -l' Chatô

Upigny

Up'gnè

Verviers

Vervî

Villers-la-Ville

L'Abi

Visé

Vîsé

Waimes

Wéme

Walcourt

Walcoû

Waremme

Warème

Waterloo

Watèrlo

Waulsort

Aussôrt

Wavre

Auve

Xhendelesse

Hind'lèsse

Yves-Gomezée

Îve

 
Laguntzaile / Informer: Wilfried Pieters, Stephane Dohet
Eguneratua / Updated: 1997-12-12
Loturak / Links:
* Walloon pages
http://www.ping.be/~pin00033/
http://www.walon.open.net.ma

 


Mapak / Maps

Waloniako hizkuntza-dialektoak eta hiriak (walonieraz)
Dialects/languages of Wallonia and main cities (in Walloon)

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