Czech, Serbian and Croatian in Romania
Slovak, Serbian and Romanian in Hungary


In this page, tables with placenames for the following minorities of the Danube basin in Europe: Serbian in Romania, Croatian in Romania, Czech in Romania, Slovak in Hungary, Serbian in Hungary, and Romanian in Hungary. See also the note about special characters.

In this page, tables or information for the following minorities of the Adriatic region in Europe: Serbiera Errumanian eta Hungarian; Kroaziera eta Txekiera Errumanian; Eslovakiera eta Errumaniera Hungarian. Ikus halaber ortografiari buruzko oharra.


Serbian in Romania

As well as there is a sizable Romanian minority in (Serbia) Yugoslavia, there are Serbs in Romania, in the Banat region, mainly around the city of Timisoara. They number some 50.000 people. Spellings in this table are not totally reliable (sorry).

 

 

Serbiera Errumanian

Gutxiengo errumaniar handi bat dago Serbian, baina halaber, Errumanian ere serbiar ugari dago, batik bat Banatoaren eskualdean, Timisoara hiriaren inguruan. 50.000 lagun inguru izan daitezke.


Errumanieraz / Romanian

Serbieraz / Serbian

Arad

Arad

Belobresca

Belobreska

Cenad

Canad

Cenei

Cenej

Ciacova

Cakovo

Deta

Deta

Dinias

Dinjas

Felnac

Fenlak

Gelu

Ketfelj

Liubcova

Ljupkova

Moldova Nouâ

Nova Moldava

Moldova Veche

Stara Moldava

Peciu Nou

Novi Pec

Pojejena

Pozezena

Recas

Rekas

Sînnicolau Mare

Veliki Semiklus

Sînpetru Mare

Veliki Senpeter

Timisoara

Temisvar



Croatian in Romania

Through probably there are no linguistic differences among the Serbs and Croats of Romania, for political and cultural reasons Croat is to be considered a distinct language. In Romania, there is a cluster of half a dozen Croat villages in the southeast around Resita, with some 5,000 people. Spellings in this table are not totally reliable (sorry).

 

 

Kroaziera Errumanian

Serbiarrek eta Kroaziarrek hizkuntza bera dute, baina alfabetoak, erlijioak eta batez ere politikak bereizten ditu. Hortaz, hemen bereiz jarri ditugu Errumaniako kroaziar katolikoak. Hauek, 5.000 inguru dira eta dozenerdi herritan bizi dira, Resita hiritik gertu. Adi ortografiarekin, ez baita guztiz fidatzekoa.


Errumanieraz / Romanian

Kroazieraz / Croatian

Carasova

Karasevo

Clocotici

Klokotic

Lupac

Lupak

Nermed

Neremic

Rafnic

Ravnik

Vodnic

Vodnik



Czech in Romania

There are six Czech-speaking villages in the Bigar region of the Romanian Banat, numbering a few hundreds of speakers of Czech. The Banat and Transylvania in Romania have been a melting pot of multiple languages and ethnic groups in the past centuries.

 

 

Txekiera Errumanian

Txekera ere hitz egiten da Errumanian, soilik sei herritan eta ehundaka gutxi batzuen artean bada ere. Errumaniako Banatoko Bigar eskualdean daude Txekiar hauek. Errumaniako Banatoa eta Transilvania hainbat herri eta mintzairaren topagune izan da hainbat gizalditan.


Herri txekiarrak / Czech villages

Errumanieraz / Romanian

Txekieraz / Czech

Bigâr

Bigar

Sf. Elena

Helena / Svatá Helena

Ravensca

Rovensko

Sumita

Sumice

Eibenthal

Jeventál / Ajbentál

Gîrnic

Gerník


Eskualdeko beste leku batzuk / Other places of the region

Errumanieraz / Romanian

Txekieraz / Czech

Baia Nouâ

Ujbánie

Berzasca

Berzáska

Bozovici

Bozovice

Camenita [ibaia / river]

Kamenice

Cazarele Dunârii [Danubioko estuguneak / Danube narrows]

Kazany

Copriva [ibaia / river]

Koprivna

Cozla

Kozla

Drencova

Drnková

Dubova

Dubová

Dunârea [Danubio ibaia / Danube river]

Dunaj / Dunáj

Fata Mare [mendia / mountain]

Fáca Mári

Goletul Mare [mendia / mountain]

Velkej Golec

Goletul Mic [mendia / mountain]

Malej Golec

Gornea

Gorná

Liubcova

Libková / Lubková

Liubotina

Hlubotina

Moldova Nouâ

Bosnák

Mraconia / Pîrîul Mraconolui [ibaia / river]

Mrakon

Oravita

Oravice

Orsova

Orsava

Pescari

Koronie

Pietrele Alba [mendia / mountain]

Pijátra Albi

Pîrîul Mraconolui / Mraconia [ibaia / river]

Mrakon

Ponicova [ibaia / river]

Ponikava

Resca [mendia / mountain]

Reska

Resita

Resce

Sichevita

Sikovice

Sirinea [ibaia / river]

Sirina

Zlatita

Zlatnice / Zlatice



Slovak in Hungary

The census numbered 12,000 slovaks in Hungary in 1990, but Slovak associations estimate they number in 100-110,000 Slovaks live in Hungary at present. They live in several pockets, geographically dispersed, being the communities around the south-eastern cities of Hungary (Békéscsaba, Mezõberény, Szarvas and Tótkomlós) the most important. However, our table lists mainly names from the north. There is also an important Hungarian minority in Slovakia.

 

 

Eslovakiera Hungarian

1990eko erroldan, 12,000 eslovakiar zeuden Hungarian, baina gutxiengoaren iturriek diote gehiago direla: 100 edo 110 mila inguru. Zenbait eskualdetan isolatutako eremuetan bizi dira, baina garrantzitsuenak Hego ekialdeko hirien ingurukoak dira (Békéscsaba, Mezõberény, Szarvas and Tótkomlós). Hala ere, gure izen gehienak iparraldekoak dira, Eslovakiako mugatik gertukoak. Eslovakian ere gutxiengo hungariar handia dago, bestetik.


Hungarieraz / Hungarian

Eslovakieraz / Slovakian

Balassagyarmat

Balasské Darmoty

Bánk

Banka

Békéscsaba

Békésska Caba

Dabas

Dabas

Dág

Dág

Dunaegyháza

Ed'haza

Esztergom

Ostrihom

Felsõpetény

Horné Petany

Füzér

Fizér

Kesztölc

Kestúc

Kishuta

Malá Huta

Komárom

Komárno

Komlóska

Komlóska

Kóspallag

spallag

Márianosztra

Nostra

Miske

Miska

Mogyorósbánya

Modoros

Nagycserkesz

Cerkes

Nõtincs

Netejc

Nógrád

Novohrad

Õsagárd

Agárd

Pilisszentlászló

Senváclav

Piliszántó

Santov

Piliszentélek

Hut'

Sárisáp

Sáp

Sátoraljaúhely

Nové Mesto pod Siatrom

Szendehely

Sende

Szentendre

Senondrej

Szõd

Sed'

Szügy

Sudice

Tardosbánya

Tardos

Tótkomlós

Slovensky Komlós

Vác

Vacov

Vágáshuta

Vágasska Huta



Serbian in Hungary

There are some 5,000 Serbs in Hungary, living in the southern region of Backa or the Banat. These communities must not be confused with the Croats living in western Hungary, in the Burgenland region. There are, as well, important Hungarian minorities in Serbia.

 

 

Serbiera Hungarian

5,000 Serbiar inguru bizi dira Hungarian, hegoaldeko Backa eta Banato eskualdeetan, batik bat. Ez nahas komunitate hauek Hungaria mendebaldeko Burgenland eskualdeko Kroaziarrekin. Bestetik, Serbian ere gutxiengo hungariar handia bizi da.


Hungariera / Hungarian

Serbiera / Serbian

Battonya

Batanja

Deszk

Deska

Magyarcsanád

Canad

Újszentivan

Novi Sentivam



Romanian in Hungary

There are some 25,000 Romanians in Hungary, living along the Romanian border. There are, as well, more important Hungarian minorities in Romania's Transilvania and Banat.

 

 

Errumaniera Hungarian

Hungarian 25,000 errumaniar inguru bizi dira, gehienbat Errumaniarekin muga egiten duten eskualdeetan. Are gutxiengo handiagoa dira, bestetik, Errumaniako hungariarrak, zeinak Transilvanian eta Banatoan bizi diren.


Hungariera / Hungarian

Errumaniera / Romanian

Battonya

Bâtania

Bedõ

Bedeu

Darvas

Darvas

Elek

Aletea

Gyula

Giula

Kétegyháza

Chitighaz

Körösszakál

Sâcal

Körösszegapáti

Apateu

Létavértes

Leta

Lõkösháza

Lecushaz

Magyarcsanád

Cenadul Unguresc

Méhkerék

Michereci

Pocsaj

Pocei

Pusztaottlaka

Otlaca-Pusta

Sarkadkeresztúr

Crîstor

Vekerd

Vecherd

Zsáka

Jaca



Regarding spellings, we use some conventions as shown in this table below. Check the Glossary of Diacritics to identify distinct accent signs.

Idazkerari dagokionez, beheko taulako egokitzapenak egin ditugu orri honetarako. Ikus zeinu Diakritikoen hiztegia azento bakoitzaren izen ingelesak zer adierazten duen jakiteko.

hizkuntzak / languages

gure tauletan / in our tables

jatorrian / originally

Hungarian

U + circumflex (Û) / O + tilde (õ)

U & O + Double Acute

Slovak / Czech

N S C R Z U Y

N S C R & Z with Caron; U with Ring above, Y with acute

Croat / Serbian

S C Z / C

S C & Z with Caron; C with Acute

Romanian

S T Â (a + circumflex)

S & T with Comma below; A with Breve



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