German minorities in the former Yugoslavia

Gutxiengo alemanak Jugoslavia ohian


Germans in Yugoslavia

There were only 8,712 Germans in Yugoslavia in the 1981 census (down from 55,000 in the 1948 census). There were two main distinct German groups in old Yugoslavia: the small minority of Gotschee Germans, in Slovenia (see in another page), speaking a Bavarian dialect; and the Germans of the Danube Basin, the Danube Swabians or Donauschwaben, loctated in settlements of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia (Yugoslavia). The Croat-Serb war and the Bosnian war of the 1990's have probably strongly diminished the German communities. Today, there are probably no Germans in Bosnia (see small list of old settlements), and very few in Serbia (present-day Yugoslavia) and Croatia.
 
Check the pages from other German minorities and see below the note about spellings.

Alemanak Jugoslavian

1981ko erroldan soilik 8.712 aleman zeuden Jugoslavian (1948an, berriz, 55.000 ziren). Bi taldetan bana zitezkeen aleman horiek: Gotschee-ko Alemanak Eslovenian (ikus beste orri honetan), Bavariar dialektoz mintzo zirenak; eta Danubioko Suabiar edo Donauschwaben direlakoak, Bosnia, Kroazia eta Serbian banatuak. Kroaziako eta Bosniako gerrek, 1990koetan, gogor astinduko zituzten komunitate horiek, pentsatzekoa denez. Seguruenik ez dago jada alemanik Bosnian (ikus kokaleku zaharren gure zerrendatxoa), eta oso gutxi Kroazian eta gaurko Jugoslavian (Serbian, alegia).
 
Ikus beste gutxiengo aleman batzuen orrialdeak, eta baita, behean, idazkerari buruzko oharra.

Old german settlements in Bosnia

Bosnieraz / Bosnian

Alemanez / German

Dubrava

Königsfeld

Nova Topola

Windthorst

Prosara

Hohenberg / Hindenburg

Zenica

Senitza

Zepce

Scheptsche



Germans in Serbia

The German population area of present-day Yugoslavia is located in Serbia, in the region of Vojvodina, along the Danube. In 1941, Germans were 318,259 in Vojvodina, 19.4 % of the population. By 1948, most have left (28,869 people, 1.8%), and in 1991, they were only 3,873 (0.2 %).
Check the notes on spellings below.

Alemanak Serbian

Alemanek kokalekua gaur egungo Jugoslavian Serbian dago, Vojvodina eskualdean, Danubio inguruan. 1941an, Vojvodinako populazioaren %19.4 ziren alemanak (318.259 lagun). 1948rako, gehienak joanak ziren (28.869 lagun, %1.8); eta 1991n soilik 3.873 ziren (%0.2 ).

Idazkerari dagozkion oharrak ikus behean.


Serbieraz / Serbian

Alemanez / German

Apatin

Abthausen

Bac

Batsch

Backa Palanka

Palanka / Deutsch-Palanka / Plankenburg

Backa Topola

Batschka Topola

Backi Breg

Bereg

Backi Monostor

Batsch Monoschtor

Bajmok

Nagelsdorf

Banostor

Banoshter

Becej

Altbetsche

Budisava

Waldneudorf

Calma

Tschalma

Deronje

Dornau

Doroslovo

Doroslo

Erdevik

Erdewik

Feketic

Feketitsch

Indjija

India

Kula

Wolfsburg

Mol

Mol

Novi Sad

Neusatz

Odzaci

Hodschag / Hanfhausen / Odschak

Senta

Senta

Sombor

Zombor

Srbobran

Sankt Tomas

Sremska Mitrovica

Syrmisch-Mitrowitz / Mitrowitz

Srpski Miletic

Milititsch / Berauersheim

Stanisic

Stanischitsch / Donauwachenheim

Stara Moravica

Alt-Morawitza

Subotica

Maria Theresiopel / Subotitza



Germans in Croatia

In present day Croatia, Germans are one of the recognised minorities (usually labelled as Germans and Austrians) with a seat reserved in Parliament. Their main cultural centre is in Osijek (Esseg), where there is a kindergarten and a few elementary schools giving classes in German. The German-settlement area of Croatia (mainly Eastern Slavonia) was ravaged by war with Serbs, so probably the remaining communities are very small.

Alemanak Kroazian

Gaur egungo Kroazian, alemanak gutxiengo ezagutua dira ("aleman eta austriarrak" esaten zaie), eta Parlamentuan toki bat izateko eskubidea ere badute. Beren zentro kulturala Osijek hirian dago (alemanez Esseg), non haur eskolak ere badiren alemanez. Ekialdeko Eslavonia da alemanen eremua Kroazian, Serbiarrekin izandako gerrak gogorren astindutako lurrak, eta beraz, geratzen diren alemanak oso gutxi behar dute izan.

Old german settlements in Croatia

Kroazieraz / Croatian

Alemanez / German

Darda

Darda

Jagodnjak

Katschfeld

Josipovac-Kravice

Oberjosefsdorf-Krawitz

Kula

Kula-Josefsfeld

Osijek

Esseg

Sarvas

Sarwasch-Hirschfeld

Satnica Djakovacka

Satnitz

Slavonski Brod

Brod

Srem [region / eskualdea]

Syrmien



Regarding spellings, we use some conventions as shown in this table below. Check the Glossary of Diacritics to identify distinct accent signs.

Idazkerari dagokionez, beheko taulako egokitzapenak egin ditugu orri honetarako. Ikus zeinu Diakritikoen hiztegia azento bakoitzaren izen ingelesak zer adierazten duen jakiteko.

hizkuntzak / languages

gure tauletan / in our tables

jatorrian / originally

Bosnian / Serbian / Croat

S C Z / C

S C & Z with Caron; C with Acute


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