Eesti

Language minorities in Estonia / Estonian in Russia

Estoniako hizkuntz gutxiengoak / Estoniera Errusian

 


Estonia

1.5 million people live in Eesti (Estonia), 61.5% Estonians, 30% Russians. Since 1940, large numbers of people have immigrated into Estonia from parts of the Soviet Union, specially in the 60s and 70s. Their lingua franca usually is Russian and they make up the vast majority of the present-day non-Estonian population. They have mainly settled in the big industrial cities of the North-East (Narva, Sillamäe, Kohtla-Järve, Jõhvi), the capital Tallinn and the town and peninsula of Paldiski. Besides that, there is also an original Russian minority in Estonia, as well as a Swedish minority, and an Estonian group, the Voro-Setu, linguistically distinguished.

Also in this page, information on the Estonian minority of present-day Russia, in Petserimaa region.

->

 

Eesti

Eesti edo Estonian 1.5 milioi lagun, % 61.5% Estoniarrak, %30 errusiarrak. 1940tik, etorkin asko joan ziren Estoniara Sobiet Batasuneko beste toki batzuetatik, bereziki 60etan eta 70etan. Errusiera da haien hizkuntza eta orain estoniar ez direnen gehiengoa errusieraz mintzo da Estonian. Ipar ekialdeko hiri industrialetan kokatu dira batez ere (Narva, Sillamäe, Kohtla-Järve, Jõhvi), Tallinn hiriburuan eta Paldiski hiri eta penintsulan. Bestalde, bada Estonian jatorrizko gutxiengo errusiar zahar bat, baita gutxiengo suediarra ere, eta hizkuntzaz desberdintzen den Voro-Setu azpitalde estoniarra ere bai.

Beherago, halaber, gaurko Errusiar Federazioan bizi den gutxiengo estoniarrari buruzko informazioa, Petserimaa eskualdekoa.

Check other tables from the former Soviet Union, especially that for Uralic nations.

Russian names appear transliterated from their ciryllic script here, following the international standard shown below:

Sobiet Batasuneko beste herri batzuk hemen. Ikus bereziki nazio Fino-Ugriarren taula.

Errusieraren idazkerari dagokionez, izenak alfabeto zirilikortik transliteratuak ageri dira hemen, nazioarteko estandarraren arabera:


The characters marked with caron, not displayable in the current HTML-encoding used in GeoNative [ISO/IEC 8559-1 or Latin-1], are shown here as underlined characters: c s z

Txapeltxoa edo caron zeinua daramaten letrak ezin dira GeoNative-ren egungo HTML-kodean erakutsi [ISO/IEC 8559-1 edo Latin-1 darabilgu guk], eta beraz azpimarrarekin adierazten ditugu: c s z




Russian in Estonia

Russian is spoken as a minority language by the descendants of Old Orthodox believers on the north and west coast of Lake Peipsi, also by New Orthodox Russians in some border areas with Russia. This communities are not to be confused with Russian speaking inmigrant population. Placenames listed here are from these traditional Russian settlement areas.

Russian names are transliterated, as shown in the table above.

Errusiera Estonian

Errusiar gutxiengo bat bada Estonian, aspaldian kokatutako kristau ortodoxoen ondorengoak, Peipsi lakuaren iparraldeko eta mendebaldeko kostan, eta mugako eskualde batzuetan. Komunitate hauek ez dira nahastu behar etorkin errusierraren uholdearekin. Zerrenda honetako toki izenak komunitate errusiar tradizionaletakoak dira.

Errusierazko izenak transliteratuak daude goiko taulari jarraiki.


Estonieraz

Errusieraz / Russian

Alajõe

Olesnicy

Beresje

Berez'e

Kallaste

Krasnye Gory

Karjamaa

Vygon

Kolkja

Kol'ki

Kuksina

Kuvsinovo

Kuningaküla

Knjaz'-Selo

Mustvee

Corna

Nina

Nos

Permisküla

Verhnee Selo

Piiri

Meza

Raja

Rajusa

Varnja

Voron'ja

Vasknarva

Syrenec



Swedish in Estonia

Swedish used to be spoken before World War II by some 8000 people on the north-west coast of Estonia (the islands of Vormsi, Osmussaar, Pakri, Naissaar and Ruhnu, Noarootsi Peninsula). Most of the Swedes were forced to emigrate to Sweden in 1944, at present there are only a few hundred persons able to speak Swedish.

Suediera Estonian

II. Mundu Gerra baino lehen, 8.000 suediar bizi ziren Estoniako ipar-mendebaldeko kostaldean (Vormsi, Osmussaar, Pakri, Naissaar eta Ruhnu uharteetan, eta Noarootsi penintsulan). Suediar gehienak bota egin zituzten Suediara 1944an, eta orain ehundaka gutxi batzuk dira mintzairari eusten dioten inguru horretan.

Estonieraz

Suedieraz

Aulepa küla

Dirslät (1)

Dirhami küla

Derham (1)

Einbi küla

Enb (1)

Hara küla

Harg (1)

Höbringi küla

Höbrin (1)

Kersleti küla

Kärrslätt

Kudani küla

Gutanä (1)

Naissaar

Nargö

Noarootsi

Nuckö

Osmussaar / Osmussaare küla

Odensholm (1)

Pakri

Rågö

Paslepa / Paslepa küla

Pasklep (1)

Pürksi / Pürksi küla

Birkas (1)

Riguldi / Riguldi küla

Rickul (1)

Risti

Kors

Ruhnu

Runö

Saare küla

Lyckhol (1)

Spithami küla

Spitham (1)

Sutlepa küla

Sutle (1)

Suuremõisa küla

Magnushov

Tahu küla

Skåtanä (1)

Tuksi / Tuksi küla

Bergsby (1)

Vihterpalu

Vippal

Vormsi

Ormsö

"küla" hitzak parrokia esan nahi du estonieraz / "küla" is a common Estonian word meaning parish
(1) Parrokiaren izen suediarra koofiziala da / The Swedish name of the parish is co-official.


Võro-Seto

The local speech of Võrumaa region is regarded as a specific language by locals, The Võro people, and their own placenames are now officially written close to their local usage, not in standard Estonian. In the neighbouring Seto region, the Seto (orthodox estonians) also speak a similar language, so it is more correct to name the language Võro-Seto. Steps are being taken towards a standardisation of the Võro-Seto language. Our table lists placenames where spelling differences occur between standard Estonian and Võro-Seto. Part of the Seto region is occupied by Russia (see below), and this occupation is not recognised by Estonia.

Võro-Seto

Võrumaa eskualdeko mintzaira berez hizkuntza dela diote bertakoek (Võro direlakoek), Estonieraren dialekto bat den arren. Nolanahi ere, beren toki izenak orain ofizialki Võro mintzairan idazten dira, ez estoniera estandarrean. Aldameneko Seto eskualdean, Seto talde etnikokoek (estoniar ortodoxoak) antzeko mintzaira dute, eta egokiago da horregatik Võro-Seto hizkuntzaz mintzatzea, Estonian egiten duten bezala. Võro-Seto hizkuntzaren finkatzeari eta estandar bat lortzeari begira lanean dihardute, era berean. Gure zerrendan Estoniera estandarrean eta Võro-Seto mintzairan desberdin idazten diren toki izenak jaso ditugu. Seto eskualdearen parte bat Errusiak okupatzen du gaur egunean (ikus beherago), eta okupazio hori ez du onartzen Estoniak ofizialki.

* Estoniera

* Võro-Seto

Aidaku küla

Haidaku küla

Ala-Järvere küla

Alakülä küla

Andrikova küla

Antkruva küla

Antsumäe küla

Andsumäe küla

Haanja

Haani

Häärmani

Häärmäni

Hammaste

Haamastõ

Härma [küla]

Härmä [küla]

Hilande küla

Hilana küla

Horosoo

Horosuu

Hulaku

Hul´aku

Käänu

Käänü

Kääpa

Kääpä

Kääraku

Kääräku

Kaldemäe

Kaldõmäe

Kanepi

Kanõpi

Kapera

Kapõra

Kärina [küla]

Kärinä [küla]

Karja

Kar´a

Kaveldi küla

Kavõldi küla

Kellamäe küla

Kellämäe küla

Kerba küla

Keerba küla

Kergatsi

Kergätsi

Kimalase [küla]

Kimalasõ [küla]

Kitse küla

Kitsõ küla

Kivioru küla

Kiviora küla

Kokemäe küla

Kokõmäe küla

Kolo

Kol´o

Kornitsa

Kornidsa

Kõrve

Kõrvõ

Kühmamäe

Kühmämäe

Kuige küla

Kuigõ küla

Kuklase

Kuklasõ

Küllatova küla

Küllätüvä küla

Külma

Külmä

Kure

Kurõ

Kurenurme

Kurõnurmõ

Laanemetsa

Lannamõtsa

Lehemetsa

Lehemõtsa

Linnamäe

Liinamäe

Lüta

Lütä

Mäe-Järvere küla

Mäekülä küla

Mäesaare

Mäessaarõ

Marja

Mar´a

Meeksi küla

Miikse küla

Missoküla

Missokülä

Missoküla

Missokülä küla

Mõniste

Mõnistõ

Muhkametsa küla

Muhkamõtsa küla

Mürgi

Mürgü

Niidu

Niidü

Nogo küla

Nogu küla

Noodasküla

Nuudaskülä

Oleski

Olõski

Pedeja

Pedejä

Peraküla

Peräkülä

Pikakannu

Pikäkannu

Pikasilla

Pikäsilla

Põrste

Põrstõ

Puna küla

Punakülä

Puusepa

Puusepä

Räpina

Räpinä

Rebase

Rebäse

Rõuge

Rõugu / Rõugõ

Saarlase küla

Saarlasõ küla

Sadrametsa küla

Sadramõtsa küla

Sänna küla

Sänna küla / Sännä küla

Sarise

Sarisõ

Sepa

Sepä

Sööda

Söödä

Söödi

Söödü

Sooküla

Suukülä

Sooveere

Suuveere

Suuresoo

Suurõsuu

Tallikese

Tallikõstõ

Tamme

Tammõ

Tammeveski küla

Voki-Tamme küla

Tammsaare

Tammõsaarõ

Tautsa küla

Taudsa küla

Teaste [küla]

Tiastõ [küla]

Teedla

Tiidlä

Tellaste

Telläste

Teterova küla

Teterüvä küla

Tiilike [küla]

Tiilige [küla]

Tonja

Ton´a

Töötsmanni

Tüütsmanni

Tummelka

Tummõlka

Urvaste

Urvastõ

Utita küla

Hutita küla

Uue-Saaluse

Vahtsõ-Saalussõ

Väike-Tiilike

Väiko-Tiilige

Varese

Varõssõ

Vastsekivi

Vahtsõkivi

Vastseliina

Vahtsõliina

Veretina küla

Veretinä küla

Voki-Tamme

Voki-Tammõ

"küla" hitzak parrokia esan nahi du estonieraz. Izen hori daramaten parrokien izen ofizial bakarra orain Voro-Setu mintzairaren idazkeraren araberakoa /
"küla" is a common Estonian word meaning parish. Names in the list with that word in it have now one only official form: that in Voro-Setu.



Estonian in Russia

The present day border between Estonia and the Russian Federation crosses the Estonian region of the Seto, in the southeast corner of Estonia. This division is not recognised by Estonia, which claims the lands that were sovereign Estonia before WW2. The region presently in the Russian side is called Petserimaa in Estonian. Several thousand Seto Estonians (orthodox christians) live there nowadays.

Russian names are transliterated, as shown in the table above.

Estoniera Errusian

Estoniaren hego-ekialdeko muturrean, Seto eskualdearen erdian dago gaur egunean Errusiar Federazioaren eta Estoniaren arteko muga, baina muga hori ez da II. Mundu Gerra baino lehenagokoa, eta Estoniak ez du zatiketa onartzen (hala ere, negoziatzen ari dira auzia konpontzeko). Errusiaren aldean geratu den eskualdeari Petserimaa deritzo estonieraz, eta han Seto taldeko estoniar kristau ortodoxoak bizi dira, milaka gutxi batzuk bederen.

Errusierazko izenak transliteratuak daude goiko taulari jarraiki.


Errusieraz / Russian

Estonieraz

Izborsk

Vana-Irboska

Maly

Mal'o

Novoizborsk

Irboska

Pecory

Petseri

Pskov

Pihkva (1)

Senno

Senno küla

(1) Estoniak erreibindikatzen duen eskualdetik kanpo / Outside the area legally claimed by Estonia.



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Estoniako mapa
Map of Estonia

Võrumaa: kokapena. Seto eskualdea ekialdean eskumatara geratzen den bazterra da.
Võrumaa: location. The Seto region is right in the west corner of the map.

Petserimaa eskualdea: Estoniak Errusiari erreklamatutakoa
Petserimaa region: claimed by Estonia, in present day Russian territory


Main page

Table index

Looking for info

Links / Loturak

Your comments

Sarrera orrira

Taulen aurkibidea

New! / Zer berri?

Alphabet Street

Bisitarien iritzia

Zure iritziak, zuzenketak, gehikuntzak
Your comments, corrections, additions

->

geonative@reocities.com


GeoCities© GeoNative [http://geonative.tsx.org]
Maintained by
Luistxo Fernandez and hosted by GeoCities
Get your own
Free Home Page

1