Euskal Herria
the Basque Country


More general information about the Basques and the Basque language in other page. Here, we display several tables with the main placenames:
You can find all basque placenames in another Geocities site: http://www.reocities.com/CollegePark/5062/topo2.html
 

Euskal informazioa ingelesez dago hemen, erdaldunei begira pentsatua baitago. Hiru ataletan dago banatua: 1. Toponimo zerrenda laburrak (orri honetan). 2. Informazio orokorra hemen. 3. Azalpenak politikaz hemen. Euskal Herriko toponimo izendegia osoa (4.500 izen), beste gune batean dago: Euskal Herriko toponimo izendegia..

 


Euskal Herria (the Basque Country) is formed by seven provinces.

The seven Basque provinces

* 4 provinces under Spain

* name in French (F) or English (E)

* Basque

Álava

-

Araba

Guipúzcoa

-

Gipuzkoa

Navarra

Navarre (F, E)

Nafarroa

Vizcaya

Biscaye (F), Biscay (E)

Bizkaia

* 3 provinces under France

* name in Spanish (S) or English (E)

* Basque

Basse Navarre

Baja Navarra (S), Low Navarre (E)

Nafarroa Beherea / Baxenabarre (1)

Labourd

-

Lapurdi

Soule

-

Zuberoa

(1) Nafarroa Beherea is the favoured standard Basque name for this province, although Baxenabarre is used by locals and is also considered correct.



 

Geographic or administrative regions, political terms

Name in Spanish (S), French (F) or English (E)

Basque

remarks

Aquitaine (F)

Akitania

French administrative region where the Basque provinces are included.

Basque Country (E)

Euskal Herria

Our nation, seven provinces divided between two powerful states.

Comunidad Autonoma Vasca - CAV (S)

Euskal Autonomia Erkidegoa - EAE

Basque autonomous country under Spain, formed by Bizkaia, Gipuzkoa and Araba

Euskadi

Euskal Herria

A political neologism, the proper word for Basque Country is Euskal Herria. Euskadi is normally used just to mean CAV-EAE.

Euskalerria, Euskalherria

Euskal Herria

Usual incorrect spellings of the basque name of our country.

Euzkadi

Euskal Herria

A political neologism. It was coined with this spelling, but now Euskadi is favored (see Euskadi).

Navarra (S), Navarre (F, E),

Nafarroa (Nafarroa Garaia + Nafarroa Beherea)

Low and High Navarre were united till 1512 (spanish invasion) in an independent kingdom. Usually Navarre or Nafarroa refers today to High Navarre proper (Nafarroa Garaia in basque), and this forms an autonomous community by itself within Spain.

Northern Basque Country (E)

Ipar Euskal Herria, Iparralde

Basques refer this way to the part under France

Pais Vasco (S)

Euskal Herria

beware! Spanish usually mean just CAV-EAE when they use this

Pais Vasco-Frances (S)

Ipar Euskal Herria

Spanish usually call this way to the Northern Basque Country

Pays Basque (F)

Euskal Herria

beware! French usually mean just Northern Basque Country when they use this

Pays Basque-Espagnol (F)

Hego Euskal Herria

French usually mean just CAV-EAE or Southern Basque Country when they use this

Pyrenees Atlantiques (F)

Pirinio Atlantiarrak

French department where the basque provinces are included. The department itself is included in the Aquitaine region (see Aquitaine).

Southern Basque Country (E)

Hego Euskal Herria, Hegoalde

Basques refer this way to the part under Spain

Treviño (S)

Trebiño

Politically part of Castille, in Spain, but considered by locals and the rest of the Basques as part of Araba province. It is situated within Araba, as a matter of fact.

Vascongadas (E)

-

Spanish usually mean just CAV-EAE when they use this. Some independetists use the same tern as a despective way to call the insufficient CAV-EAE



 

Main placenames in the Northern Basque Country

French

Basque

Aldudes

Aldude

Anglet

Angelu

Ascain

Azkaine

Aussurucq

Altzürükü

Bayonne

Baiona

Biarritz

Miarritze

Bidart

Bidarte

Cambo-les-Bains

Kanbo

Ciboure

Ziburu

Cize / Pays de Cize

Garazi

Guéthary

Getaria

Hasparren

Hazparne

Hendaye

Hendaia

Iholdy

Iholdi

Iraty

Irati

La Rhune

Larrun

Larrau

Larrañe

Mauleon

Maule

Mixe / Pays de Mixe

Amikuze

Saint-Etienne-de-Baïgorry

Baigorri

Saint-Jean-de-Luz

Donibane-Lohizune

Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port

Donibane-Garazi

Saint-Palais

Donapaleu

Saint-Pée-sur-Nivelle

Senpere

Sainte-Engrâce

Santa Grazi

Sare

Sara

Tardets

Atharratze

Ustaritz

Uztaritze

In several areas of this region, another minority language is spoken (Occitan). Check placenames and information here.



Main placenames in the Southern Basque Country

Spanish

Basque

Aézcoa

Aezkoa

Alsasua

Altsasu

Amorebieta

Zornotza

Amurrio

Amurrio

Andoáin

Andoain

Azcoitia

Azkoitia

Azpeitia

Azpeitia

Baracaldo

Barakaldo

Barañáin

Barañain

Barranca

Sakana

Baztán

Baztan

Beasáin

Beasain

Bermeo

Bermeo

Bilbao

Bilbo

Burlada

Burlata

Durango

Durango

Duranguesado

Durangaldea

Éibar

Eibar

Encartaciones

Enkarterriak

Estella

Lizarra

Fuenterrabía

Hondarribia

Galdácano

Galdakao

Goyerri

Goierri

Guecho

Getxo

Guernica

Gernika

Guetaria

Getaria

Hernani

Hernani

Irún

Irun

Laguardia

Biasteri

Las Arenas

Areeta

Legazpia

Legazpi

Leiza

Leitza

Lequeitio

Lekeitio

Llanada Alavesa

Arabako Lautada

Llodio

Laudio

Marquina

Markina

Mondragón

Arrasate

Mundaca

Mundaka

Nanclares de Oca

Langraiz

Olite

Erriberri

Ondárroa

Ondarroa

Orduña

Urduña

Pamplona

Iruñea / Iruña (1)

Pasajes

Pasaia

Plencia

Plentzia

Portugalete

Portugalete

Rentería

Errenteria / Orereta

Ribera

Erribera

Rioja Alavesa

Arabako Errioxa

Roncal

Erronkari

Salazar

Zaraitzu

Salvatierra

Agurain

San Sebastián

Donostia

Sangüesa

Zangoza

Santurce

Santurtzi

Sestao

Sestao

Sopelana

Sopela

Tafalla

Tafalla

Tolosa

Tolosa

Treviño

Trebiño

Tudela

Tutera

Valmaseda

Balmaseda

Vergara

Bergara

Villafranca de Oria

Ordizia

Villava

Atarrabia

Vitoria / Vitoria-Gasteiz (2)

Gasteiz

Zarauz

Zarautz

Zumárraga

Zumarraga

Zumaya

Zumaia

(1) Regarding the name of the capital of Nafarroa, Iruña is the co-official Basque form, but according to the Basque Language Academy, the correct Basque name is not that, but Iruñea
(2) The doublet Vitoria-Gasteiz is the one and only official name of this city, capital of the province of Araba. But that is just an absurd hybrid, that is not a Basque name.


Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Location of the Basque Country in Europe, and provinces (names in Basque). The Basque Autonomous region is depicted in blue, Nafarroa is yellow, and the provinces under French administration are red.

Map of Euskal Herria published in a 1996 issue of the National Geographic magazine.
Most placenames are in Spanish and French.

Official languages areas in the province of Nafarroa: Basque is co-official north of the green area, it has limited rights in the green "mixed" area, and has no rights at all south of it.


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