Galiza -- Galizia -- Galicia

 


Galizia

2.7 milioi lagun bizi dira Galizian eta %70 inguru mintzo dira galizieraz. Portugesetik gertu dago hizkuntza, jakingo duzuenez. Galizian diote biak ko-dialektoak direla. Galiziatik kanpo ere hitz egiten da galiziera honako autonomi erkidegoetan: Asturias, Gaztela-Leon eta Extremadura.

Galicia

2.7 million people live in Galicia, and 70% speak galician. The language of this region under the Spanish State is considered very close to Portuguese. They might be called co-dialects. Outside Galicia, there are areas where the language is spoken: in the autonomous regions of Asturias, Castilla-Leon and Extremadura.

* Gaztelaniaz / * Spanish

* Galizieraz / * Galician

* Galicia

* Galiza

Alta Limia

Alta Limia

Arosa

Arousa

Baja Limia

Baixa Limia

Bayona

Baiona

Becerreá

Becerreá

Bueu

Bueu

Caldas de Reyes

Caldas de Reis

Cambados

Cambados

Carballino

O Carballiño

Cee

Cee

Cerezales

As Cereixais

Costa de la Muerte

Costa da Morte

El Barco de Valdeorras

O Barco de Valdeorras

El Barco de Valdeorras

O Barco de Valdeorras

El Caurel

O Courel

El Ferrol

Ferrol

El Grove

O Grove

Finisterre

Fisterra

Finisterre

Fisterra

Fonsagrada

A Fonsagrada

Ginzo de Limia

Xinzo de Limia

Jove

Xove

Juvia

Xuvia

La Cañiza

A Cañiza

La Coruña

A Coruña

La Estrada

A Estrada

La Guardia

A Guarda

La Gudiña

A Gudiña

La Mezquita

A Mezquita

La Toja

A Toxa

La Vega

A Veiga

Lage

Laxe

Lalín

Lalín

Las Nieves

As Neves

Lovios

Lobios

Miño [river]

Miño

Moaña

Moaña

Mondoñedo

Mondoñedo

Mugia

Muxia

Negueira de Muñiz

Negueira de Muniz

Noya

Noia

Olleros

Oleiros

Orense

Ourense

Otero de Rey

Outeiro de Rei

Padrón

Padrón

Palas de Rey

Palas de Rei

Parada de Sil

Parada do Sil

Piedrafita del Cebrero

Pedrafita do Cebreiro

Porriño

O Porriño

Poyo

Poio

Puebla de Navia

A Proba de Navia

Puebla de Trives

Pobra de Trives

Puebla del Caramiñal

A Proba do Caramiñal

Puente Caldelas

Ponte Caldelas

Puenteareas

Ponteareas

Puentedeume

Pontedeume

Puentenuevo

A Ponte Nova

Rías Altas

Rías Altas

Rías Bajas

Rías Baixas

Ribera de Piquín

Ribeira de Piquín

Río Duero

Río Douro

Salvatierra de Miño

Salvaterra de Miño

San Justo

San Xusto

San Tirso

Santiso

Sangenjo

Sanxenxo

Santa Tecla

Santa Tegra

Santiago de Compostela

Santiago

Sarria

Sarria

Sil [river]

Sil

Sotomayor

Soutomaior

Tierra Llana

A Terra Chá

Tuy

Tui

Verín

Verín

Viana del Bollo

Viana do Bolo

Villagarcía de Arosa

Vilagarcía de Arousa

Villalba

Vilalba

Villamayor

Vilamaior

Vivero

Viveiro


Galiziera Asturiasen

Galizera hitz egiten da Asturiasen, Terra Navia-Eo eskualdean, mendebalde partean. 50.000 hiztun inguru daude. Hizkuntzak badu halako estatus arin bat, asturieraren parekoa. Hizkuntza ikas dezakete haurrek ikasgai gisa, eta erabilera administratibo batzuk ere arautu dituzte. Tentsioa ere bada galizieraren eta asturieraren artean eskualde honetan. Asturianista batzuek diote hango Galiziera ez dela asturieraren dialekto bat besterik (gure taulako izen asturiarrak adaptazio ortografiko hutsak omen dira, ez forma jatorrak). Seguruenik, ipuin hauek gaztelaniari mesede besterik ez diote egiten, eta hizkuntza gutxitu biak are gehiago baztertu.

Galician in Asturias

Galician in Asturias is spoken in the Terra Navia-Eo region, in the western part of the region, by some 50.000 people. The language has some slight status, the same recognised to Asturian. No officiality, but teaching of the language (not in the language) is guaranteed and some administrative uses are also regulated. Tensions between Galician and Asturian are present in the area. Some asturianists claiming that Galician spoken there is just a variety of Asturian (names in Asturian given here are just ortographic adaptations of original Galician). Probably, this debate can only strengthen the position of Spanish and further discriminate both minority languages.

* Gaztelaniaz / * Spanish

* Galizieraz

* Asturieraz

* Asturias

* Asturias

* Asturies

Berducedo

Verducedo

Boal

Boal

Castropol

Castropol

Coaña

Coaña

Doiras

Doiras

El Llano

O Chao

Figueras

As Figueiras

Frejulfe

Freixulfe

Gío

Xío

Grandas de Salime

Grandas de Salime

Illano

Eilao

Eilao

La Caridad

A Caridá

La Roda

A Roda

Len de Quintana

Llen de Quintá

Los Cotos

Os Coutos

los Oscos

Os Ozcos

Pesoz

Pezós

Pezós

Pozo de las Mujeres Muertas

Pozo das Mulleres Mortas

San Antolín de Ibias

Santo Antolín de Ibias

San Esteban de los Buitres

Santo Estevo das Vuitras

San Martín de Oscos

San Martín de Ozcos

Samartín d'Ozcos

Santa Eulalia de Oscos

Santalla de Ozcos

Santalla d'Ozcos

Santirso de Abres

Santiso de Abres

Santirso d'Abres

Tapia de Casariego

Tapia de Casarego

Taramundi

Taramunde

Terra Navia-Eo

Tierra Navia-Eo

Valledor

Valledor

Vegadeo

A Veiga

A Veiga d'Eo

Villanueva de Oscos

Vilanova de Ozcos

Vilanova d'Ozcos

Villayón

Villallón

Villayón


Galiziera Gaztela-Leonen

Gaztela-Leon eskualdean, Galiziera bi alderditan hitz egiten da: Baixo Bierzo delakoan, Leongo probintzian, 10.000 hiztun daude; eta 5.000 Entre-as-Portelas eskualdean (Zamorako probintzian). Erregio honetan ez du batere ezagupenik galizierak. Behintzat Baixo Bierzon haurrek lehen hezkuntzan ikas dezakete galizieraz Galiziatik Xuntak bidalitako irakasle batzuei esker.

Galician in Castilla-Leon

In the Galician-speaking areas of the Castilla-Leon region, Galician has no recognition or official status at all. At least in Baixo Bierzo, children receive some Galician classes by teachers sent by the administration of the autonomous region of Galicia. There are some 10.000 speakers in the Baixo Bierzo area (province of Leon), and other 5.000 in the Entre-as-Portelas area (Zamora province).

* Baixo Bierzo (Leon)

* Gaztelaniaz / * Spanish

* Galizieraz

Ancares

Ancares

Bajo Bierzo

Baixo Bierzo

Balouta

Valouta

Castilla y Leon

Castela e León

El Puente de Domingo Flores

A Ponte de Domingo Flores

León

León

Tejera

Teixeira

Vega de Espinareda

Veiga de Espiñareda

Villafranca del Bierzo

Vilafranca do Bierzo

Candín

Candín

Cacabelos

Cacabelos

Barjas

Barxas

* Entre-as-Portelas (Zamora)

* Gaztelaniaz / * Spanish

* Galizieraz

Calabor

Calabor

Hermisende

Hermisende

La Tejera

A Teixeira

Las Portillas

Entre-as-Portelas

Lubián

Lubián

Pías

Pías

Porto

Porto

San Ciprián de Hermisende

San Cibrao de Hermisende.

Zamora

Zamora

Barjacova

Barxacova

Chanos

Chaos


Galiziera Extremaduran

Askoz hegoalderago, Extremadura eskualdeko Caceres probintzian, galizieraz mintzo den uharte linguistiko ahaztu bat dugu: A Serra de Xálima. Hiru herritan 5.000 hiztun daude. Hizkuntzak ez du batere ezagupenik eskualde honetan.

Galician in Extremadura

Much further south, in the province of Caceres, autonomous region of Extremadura, there is a Galician-speaking pocket in the A Serra de Xálima area. Some 5,000 people speak the language there in three towns. The language has no recognition or status at all here.

* A Serra de Xálima (Extremadura)

* Gaztelaniaz / * Spanish

* Galizieraz

Cáceres

Cáceres

Eljas

As Ellas

Extremadura

Estremadura

San Martín de Trevejo

San Martín de Trevello

Sierra de Jalma

A Serra de Xálima

Valverde del Fresno

Valverde do Fresno


Portugesa Espainian

Galizieraz gain, berezko Portugesa ere mintzatzen da Espainian, aldenduta dauden hiru herritan, estatu mugatik gertu.

Portuguese in Spain

Besides Galician, Portuguese proper is also spoken in three separate towns in Spain, located along the border.

* Gaztelaniaz / * Spanish

* Portugesez

* Non dagoen / * Province

Alamedilla

Alamedilha

Salamanca

Herrera de Alcántara

Ferreira de Alcântara

Cáceres

Olivenza

Olivença

Badajoz


Laguntzaile / Informer: Xavier Frias
Loturak / Links:
Some info in English: http://www.usc.es/~ilgas/galician.html
Galiza Ceive: http://www.reocities.com/CapitolHill/8275/index.html
Galician outside Galicia: http://bbs.vieiros.com/cgi-bin/enquisas/enquisa.pl?nom=galexterior
Eguneratua / Last updated: 1998.10.01


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