Garifuna

Check the Native American sub-index.
 

Ikus Ameriketako hizkuntzen azpi-aurkibidea


Garifuna

Garifuna is an Amerindian langauge of the Arawak family, spoken by people that are mostly African-American. The Garifuna language was spoken on St. Vincent Island in the Lesser Antilles before the Garinagu were deported from there to Roatan Island, Honduras. Before being deported they mixed with escaped or captured African slaves. At present the language is spoken in Belize, Guatemala and Honduras, and it was formerly spoken in Nicaragua. In all, the language is now in peril but there are still some 90.000 speakers.

 

 

Garifuna

Garifuna hizkuntza Amerindiarra da, Arawak familiako, baina hiztunak afrikar jatorriko beltzak dira batik bat. Antilla txikietako San Bizente uhartean hitz egiten zen aspaldi, baina kolonialistek handik egotzi egin zituzten Garifunak, Hondurasko Roatan uhartera. Garai beretsuan ihes egindako esklabuekin nahastu zen herri hau, eta horrela "belztu" zen. Egun, herrialde hauetan mintzatzen da Garifuna: Belize, Guatemala eta Honduras, oraintsu arte Nikaraguan ere bai. Guztira, 90.000 bat hiztun izango dira.


Eskualdeak, Nazioak / Countries, Regions

Ingelesez / English 

Garifuna 

Central America 

Lamidan Meriga 

Belize 

Balisi 

Guatemala 

Wadimalu 

Honduras 

Indura 

Nicaragua 

Nigarawa 

United States 

Meriga 



In Belize

In Belize, an English-speaking state in Central America, there were 12.000 Garifuna speakers according to the 1991 census. The language is losing ground to English and English Creole. In Belize, Hopkins is the only Garifuna village where the young still learn and speak Garifuna.

 

 

Belizen

Belize Erdialdeko Amerikan ingelesez mintzo den nazioa da. Bertan, 12.000 Garifuna zeuden 1991ko erroldaren arabera. Hizkuntza atzeraka doa, ingelesaren eta ingeles-kreoleraren aurrean. Belizeko herrietan, soilik Hopkins-en dakite gazteek Garifuna orain.


Ingelesez / English 

Garifuna 

* Belize 

* Balisi 

Barranco 

Barangu 

Hopkins 

Yugadan 

Monkey River 

Mongirba 

Punta Gorda 

Peini 

Seine Bight 

Seni Baidi 

Stann Creek 

Dangriga 



In Guatemala

In Guatemala, the Garifuna live in the Atlantic Coast. It is one of the two non-Maya indigenous language of this State. There were some 16.000 speakers in 1990.

 

 

Guatemalan

Guatemalako Garifunak Atlantikoko kostaldean bizi dira. Herrialde hartako 20-edo hizkuntza indigenoen artean, Maya ez den bietako bat da hau. 1990ean 16.000 hiztun ziren.


Gaztelaniaz / Spanish 

Garifuna 

* Guatemala 

* Wadimalu 

Livingston 

Labuga 

Livingston [across the Rio Dulce] 

Lauba 

Puerto Barrios 

Barriu 

Puerto Barrios [across the Bay] 

Sampuli 

Quehueche 

Chawecha 



In Honduras

It is in Honduras, the first territory where they settled after being deported from their homeland, that most Garifuna live, some 70.000 people along the Atlantic Coast. Language shift towards Spanish is taking place there also.

 

 

Hondurasen

Hondurasen bizi dira Garifuna gehienak gaur egunean. 70.000 lagun inguru dira Atlantikoko Kostaldean zehar. Hizkuntz galera gertatzen ari da han ere gaztelaniaren mesedetan.


Gaztelaniaz / Spanish 

Garifuna 

* Honduras 

* Indura 

Baja Mar 

Bahama 

Balfate 

Balufati 

Barra Chapagua 

Chapaua 

Barra de Aguán 

Lawan Wairiti 

Buena Vista 

Buiti Arihini 

Cayo Venado 

Cayo Venado 

Cocolita 

Falumarugu 

Colonial of Trujillo 

Cristales 

Cusuna 

Gusunaugati 

Guadalupe 

Funda 

Iriona 

Iriuna 

La Ensenada 

Baidirugu 

Limón 

Limun 

Masca 

Masiga 

Monte Pobre 

Monte Pobre 

Nueva Armenia 

Arumenia 

Nuevo Go 

Nebago 

Puerto Castilla 

Lagunaugu 

Puerto Cortés 

Potu 

Rio Tinto 

Intintu 

Rosita 

Rosita 

Saluda Lis-Lis 

Salau / Salado 

Sambo Creek 

Sanbu 

San Antonio 

Marguruguru 

San Juan 

Durubuguti 

San Pedro 

Feduru 

Sangrelaya 

Sangaraya 

Santa Fe 

Giriga 

Santa Rosa de Aguán 

Lauba Lawan 

Saraguina 

Sarawaina 

Tocomacho 

Dugamachu 

Tornabe 

Torunabe 

Travesia 

Turawesia 

Triunfo de la Cruz 

Turaunpu / Dufigati 

Trujillo 

Duruwiyu / Diruwiu 



In Nicaragua

There are also a few communities in Nicaragua but they no longer speak Garifuna. The ethnic Garifuna of Nicaragua number some 1,500 people they speak an English Creole, and Spanish as a second language.

 

 

Nikaraguan

Garifuna talde etnikoko komunitate batzuk badira Nikaraguan, 1.500 lagun inguru, baina hizkuntza galdu dute. Orain ingeles-kreoleraz mintzo dira, eta bigarren hizkuntza gisa gaztelania darabilte.


Gaztelaniaz / Spanish 

Garifuna 

* Nicaragua 

* Nigarawa 

Justo Point 

Husto Point 

Lauba 

La Fe 

Orinoco 

Orinugu 




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