Sakartvelo -- Georgia

 


Ingelesezko ohiko transliterazioak ageri dira hemen. Georgieraren kasuan, zuzenean ingelesera egindako transliterazioa da, ez errusieratik iragazitakoa, normalean gertatzen den bezala. Ikus, bestalde, Sobiet Batasuna zeneko beste taula batzuk, bereziki Abkhaziakoa, Hego Osetiakoa eta Kaukasoko orria, mapa eta guzti.
 

Check other tables from the former Soviet Union, specially those for Abkhazia and South Ossetia in the Caucasus (good map). Usual english transliterations appear at these tables for russian. For Georgian, it is a direct transliteartion from Georgian, without passing through cyrillic russian, as usually happens with Georgian names.
 

Georgia

5.4 m biz. Hiriburua: Tbilisi. Hizkuntzak: Georgiera (ofiziala, 3.5 m), errusiera (526.000), armeniera (373.000), azeriera (250.000), osetiera (128.000), abkhaziera (82.000). Etniak: Georgiarrak (%68), armeniarrak (%9), errusiarrak (%7.4), azeriarrak (%7.4).

Georgia

5.4 m inhabitants. Capital: Tbilisi. Languages: Georgian (official, 3.5 m), russian (526.000), armenian (373.000), azeri (250.000), ossete (128.000), abkhaz (82.000). Ethnic composition: Georgians (%68), armenians (%9), russians (%7.4), azeris(%7.4).

* Errusieraz / * Russian

*Georgieraz

*English

*Euskaraz

GRUZIYA

SAK'ART'VELO

Georgia

Georgia

Gruzinskaya Respublika

Sak'art'velos Respublika

Republic of Georgia

Georgiako Errepublika

*lehen/*formerly

Gruzinskaya Sovetskaya Sotsialisticheskaya Respublika

Sak'art'velos Sabchot'a Sots'ialisturi Respublika

Soviet Socialist Republic of Georgia

Georgiako Errepublika Sozialista Sobietarra

*Eskualdeak / *inner divisions

Yugo-Osetinskaya Avtonomnaya Oblast'

Samkhret' Oset'is Avtonomiuri Olk'i

South Ossetia Autonomous Region (1)

Hego Osetiako Eskualde Autonomoa (1)

Adzhariya / Adzharskaya Respublika

Achara / Acharis Respublika

Adzharia (Autonomous Republic) (2)

Adjaria (Errepublika autonomoa) (2)

Abkhaziya / Abkhazskaya Respublika

Ap'khazet'i / Ap'khazet'is Respublika

Abkazia (Autonomous Republic) (3)

Abkhazia (Errepublika autonomoa) (3))

 
(1) Autonomia ezabatu zuen Georgiak independentzia lortu eta gero. Eskualdearen kontrola argitu gabe dago oraindik (borrokan ari dira osetiar eta georgiarrak). Ikus hemen Hego Osetiako taula.
(2) Adjariako adjariarrak georgiar musulmanak dira. Ez dira hizkuntza komunitate berezitu bat.
(3) Autonomia ezabatu zuen Georgiak independentzia lortu eta gero. Abkhaziarrak armatan altxatu ziren, independentzia aldarrikatu eta lurraldearen zati handienaren kontrola beren eskuetan dute orain. Ikus hemen toki izen batzuk.
 

(1) Autonomy was abolished by Georgia after independence. The control of the area is unsetteled (ossete-georgian fights). Click here for Ossete names.
(2) The adzharians of Adzharia are not a different language community, they are just muslim georgians.
(3) Autonomy was abolished by Georgia after independence. The Abkhaz rebelled, proclaimed independence and now control much of the territory. Click here for placenames.
 


* Errusieraz / * Russian

* Georgiera

Akhalkalaki

Akhalk'alak'i

Akhaltsikhe

Akhalts'ikhe

Akhmeta

Akhmeta

Batumi

Bat'umi

Bodganovka

???

Bolnisi

Bolnisi

Borzhomi

Borjomi

Chernoye More [Black Sea, Itsaso Beltza]

Shavi Zghva

Chiatura

Chiat'ura

Dusheti

Dushet'i

Dzhvari

Jvari

Èl'brus (mountain)

Ialbuzi

Gori

Gori

Gurdzhaani

Gurjaani

Kavkaz [Caucasus, Kaukasoa]

Kavkasia

Kavkazskiy Khrebet [Caucasus, Kaukasoa]

Kavkasionis K'edi

Kazbek (mountain)

Mqinvartsveni

Khashuri

Khashuri

Kobuleti

K'obulet'i

Kura (river)

Mtkvari

Kutaisi

K'ut'aisi

Lagodekhi

Lagodekhi

Makharadze

Makharadze

Marneuli

Marneuli

Mayakovskiy

Bagdadi (Maiak'ovsk'i)

Mtskheta

Mts'khet'a

Novyy Afon

Akhali Ap'oni

Oni

Oni

Poti

P'ot'i

Rustavi

Rust'avi

Samtrediya

Samtredia

Senaki (Mikha Tskhakaya)

Senak'i (Mikha Ts'khak'aia)

Signakhi

Sighnaghi

Tbilisi

T'bilisi

Telavi

T'elavi

Tetri-Tskaro

T'et'ri-Tsqaro

Tkibuli

Tqibuli

Tsiteli-Tskaro

Tsit'eli-Tsqaro

Tskhaltubo

Tsqaltubo

Tsnori

Tsnori

Tsulikidze

Khoni (Tsulukidze)

Vale

Vale

Zestafoni

Zest'ap'oni

Zugdidi

Zugdidi


* Komunismo garaiko izena galdu duten hiriak:
* Cities that changed its communist era name:

* izen sobietarra / *soviet name

* izen berria / * new name

Gegechkori

Martvili

Makharadze

Ozurgeti

Ordzhonikidze

Kharagouli

Tsakhaya

Senaki

Tsulukidze

Khoni

Laguntzaile / Data provided by: Thomas Tvegaard
Eguneratua / Last updated: 1997-12-01
Loturak / Links: http://www.sakartvelo.com


Mapak / Maps

* Georgiako mapa bera ingelesezko transkripzioarekin eta Georgierazko Mxedruli alfabetoan idatzia.
* Map of Georgia written in an english transcription and a version in the Georgian Mxedruli alphabet.

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