Griko

Komunitate greziarrak Italian / Greek minorities in Italy


Grekera Italian

Grekeraz mintzo diren bi komunitate desberdin badira Italiako hegoaldean. Han, grekeraren presentzia Erromako inperioa baino lehenagokoa da; orduan ere Magna Grecia esaten baitzitzaion eskualdeari. Orain, hartatik, bi uharte linguistiko geratzen dira, bata Apulian, Grecia Salentina deritzona eta Griko dialektoz mintzo dena; eta bestea Bovesia eskualdean, Calabrian, non Calabriako Grekera edo Grekanikoa hitz egiten duten.

Greek in Italy

There are two distinct Greek-language communities in southern Italy, where Greek presence is older than the Roman empire itself. Then, the whole region was called Magna Grecia. Nowadays, there are two Greek pockets in the area, the Grecia Salentina area in Apulia where they speak the dialect called Griko; and the Bovesia area, in Calabria.

Griko

Apulian (italieraz Puglia, Italiako zapata horren takoian, ulertzeko), Grecia Salentina delakoan, 15.000 lagun mintzo dira Griko hizkuntzan (1994).
Herri batzuetan gutxiengoa dira (Soleto, Sternatia...) baina tristeena da hiztun gehienak oso zaharrak direla eta hizkuntza hilzorian dagoela. Nolabaiteko lege babesa ere badu orain hizkuntzak, baina beranduegi da beharbada. Hala ere, badira ikasten ari diren gazteak, gure laguntzaile Francesco Penza bezala.

Griko

In Apulia (Puglia in Italian), in the Grecia Salentina area, there are 15,000 people who speak Griko (1994). In some towns they are now a minority (Soleto, Sternatia...) but the ugly thing is that they are generally old speakers, so Griko is "seriously endagered".There is now a new law that protect this language, but maybe it's too late. Anyway, there are young people learning like our informer Francesco Penza. We display here 3 distinct tables for Griko.

* Gaur egunean Griko-grekeraz mintzo diren herriak / Ellenophone towns today

* Italieraz

* Griko

Calimera

Kalimera

Castrignano

Kastrignana

Corigliano

Koriana

Martano

Martana

Martignano

Martignana

Soleto

Sulitu

Sternatìa

Starnaìtta

Zollino

Tzuddhino

* XIX. mendera arte grekeraz mintzo ziren / Ellenophone till 19th century

* Italieraz

* Griko

Cannole

Kannula

Caprarica

Kraparaka

Carpignano

Karpignana

Cursi

Kurze

Cutrofiano

Kutrofiana

Sogliano

Sujana

* Eskualdeko beste hiri eta herri batzuk / Other towns and cities of the area (non ellenophones)

* Italieraz

* Griko

Brindisi

Vrindisi

Galatina

Aspedro

Gallipoli

Kaddhipuli

Lecce

Luppiu

Leuca

Levike

Maglie

Maddhie

Otranto

Derentò


Grekanikoa

Bovesia eskualdean, Calabrian (italiako zapataren puntan, esateko), Calabriako Grekera edo Grekanikoa hitz egiten du bertako komunitate batek. Duela 200 urte 20 bat herri ziren greziarrak hemen, baina orain 5,000 hiztun geratzen dira, gure taulan zerrendatutako bost herrietan, gehienak 50 urtetik gorakoak. Calabrian, beste Apulian ez bezala, eliza ortodoxoa ere bizirik dago. Beste gutxiengo batzuk (uharte linguistiko bitxiak) ere badira Calabrian: Valdestarrak (okzitanieraz mintzo dira) eta Albaniarrak.

Graecanic, Calabrian Greek

In the Bovesia area, in Calabria, they speak Calabrian Greek or Graecanic in five towns. 200 years ago, there were some 20 greek-speaking towns there, but now there are around 5,000 speakers, mostly over 50 years old, in the five towns listed in our table. Unlike in Grecia Salentina in Calabria the orthodox church is alive, with its see at Bova. Calabria is also home to other minorities, actual language islands: Valdesian Occitans and Albanians.

* Italieraz

* Grekanikoa / * Graecanic

Bova

Vua

Bova Marina

??

Condofuri

Kontocori

Roccaforte del Greco

Richudi

Roghudi

Vuni

Informer / Laguntzaile: Francesco Penza
Loturak / Links:
Griko Milume: http://www.reocities.com/Athens/Forum/4436/
Calabrian linguistic minorities: http://www.eurplace.org/grandtour/itinerari/calabria/minlinguis.html
Eguneratua / Updated: 1998-08-03


Mapak / Maps

Apulia (Puglia) non dagoen Italian / Location of Apulia (Puglia) in Italy

Grikoz mintzo den eskualdea non dagoen / Location of Grecia Salentina (Griko area) in Apulia


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