Guarani

 


Guarani - Paraguai

Paraguain 4 milioi lagun mintzo da Guaraniz, biztanleen %90. Hizkuntza ofiziala da, baina bere benetako presentzia ofiziala hutsaren parekoa da. %90 hori ez dira berez indigenak. Ez dago talde etniko Guaranirik. Indigenak %2 bakarrik dira, eta 17 hizkuntza desberdinetan mintzatzen dira. Erdiak bakarrik hitz egiten ditu Tupi-Guarani taldeko hizkuntzak. Paraguaiko toki izen gehienak gaztelaniazkoak dira, asentamendu berriak direlako. Guaraniz hitz egitean ere gaztelaniazko forma erabiltzen da; beraz ez dute aldagairik. Beste izen batzuk etimologia Guaranikoak dira eta horiek jaso ditugu hemen, Guaraniz zuzen idatzirik desberdinak direlako. Gero nazioaren eta hiriburuaren izenen kasu bitxia dugu, Asuncion hiriburua Paraguay da Guaraniaz, eta nazioa Paraguai da Guaraniz. Desberdintasun txiki hau ez da errore, desberdin ahoskatzen diren bi izen dira (etimologia berekoak diren arren, noski).
 
Karaktere bereziak ASR sisteman:
[e~, i~, y~]
Ikus Ameriketako hizkuntzen azpi-aurkibidea

Guarani - Paraguay

About 90% of the Paraguayans speak Guarani, nearly 4 million people. It is an official national language, but its official real presence is very small. The indigenous population of Paraguay is small, only around 2%, and only half of them speak languages of the Tupi-Guarani group. Indians speak around 17 native languages. Most placenames in Paraguay have no Guarani form, they are new settlements named in Spanish, and retain that form when people speak in Guarani. They are also names of Guarani etymology, and those do have another Guarani form, more adjusted to correct Guarani ortography. This list contains those names mainly. One exception is Asuncion the capital, which in Guarani is Paraguai. The nation itself if Paraguai in Guarani. The little difference is not an error, it is pronounced differently.
 
Special characters written in ASR:
[e~, i~, y~]
Check the Native American sub-index
 

* Gaztelaniaz / Spanish

* Guarani

Acahay

Akã'ai

Amambay

Amambái

Asunción

Paraguay

Caacupé

Ka'akupe

Caaguazu

Ka'aguasu

Caazapá

Ka'asapa

Cambyretá

Kambyretã

Capiatá

Kapiatã

Curupaytí

Kurupa'yty

Encarnación

Itapúa

Ibicuí

Yvyku'i

Iguazú

Yguasu

Itacurubí

Itakuruvi

Itaipú

Itaipu

Ivytymí

Yvytymi

Izozog

Ysoso

Mbaracayú

Mbarakaju

Minas-cué

Minas kue

Ñeembucú

Ñe'e~mbuku

Paraguay

Paraguái

Piribebuy

Pirivevúi

Quyindy

Ky'y~indy

río Monday

Monday

río Paraná

Parana

río Tebicuarí

Tevikuary

Sapucai

Sapukái

Tuyutí

Tujuti~

Yaciretá

Jasyretã

Ycuamandiyú

Ykuamandyju

Ypacaraí

Ypakarai

Yvyyaú

Yvy ja'u

Informer / Datu-emailea: Wolf Lustig, Otso Alai
Loturak / Links: http://www.uni-mainz.de/~lustig/hisp/guarani.html
Eguneratua / Updated: 1997-9-20


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