Halq'eméylem

Halkomelem

Ikus Ameriketako hizkuntzen azpi-aurkibidea

Check the Native American sub-index


Halq'eméylem

Halkomelem (zuzen idatzia: Halq'eméylem) Salish familiako hizkuntza da Kolunbia Britainiarrean, Fraser ibaiaren ibarretan eta Vancouver uhartearen hegoaldean mintzo dena. Hiru dialekto daude, Halq'eméylem eta Hun'qumi'num' direlakoak Fraser ibaiaren goikalde eta behekaldeetan bizi diren Stò:lo taldeenak diora, eta Hul'q'umín'um' Vancouver uhartean tribu hauentzat: Nanoose, Nanaimo, Chemainus, Cowichan, eta Malahat. Etnografia lanek Erdialdeko Kostako Salish herrien artean sailkatzen dituzte talde hauek, baina horien artean beste hizkuntza desberdin batzuk ere badaude. Hiztunak: 400 inguru, 7.000 laguneko talde etnikoan.

Izen gehienak dira Stò:lo asentamenduak, eta erreserbaren zenbaki eta guzti ageri dira. Izarñoz (*) markatuek badaezpadako ortografia dute.

<-

Halkomelem

Halkomelem (properly written Halq'eméylem) is a Salish language spoken in British Columbia, around the Fraser river and in the southern end of Vancouver Island. There are three dialects, Halq'eméylem, spoken by the upriver Stó:lo or Fraser people; Hun'qumi'num' dialect of the downriver Stó:lo; and Hul'q'umín'um' dialect spoken in Vancouver island by the following peoples: Nanoose, Nanaimo, Chemainus, Cowichan, and Malahat. Etnographic words class these peoples with the label "Central Coast Salish", but there are many other groups under the same label, speaking different languages. There may be around 400 speakers, out of an ethnic population of 7,000 population

Almost all names are present Stò:lo settlements, marked with number of reserve. Those marked (*) are doubtful spellings.

* Mapetan / * Map name

* Halq'eméylem

Aitchelitz 9

Áthelets

Albert Flat 5

Ó:ywoses

Aylechootlook 5

Texqéyl

Aywawwis 15

Iwówes

Barnston Island 3

Qelesílhp

Bedford Channel.

Sqwàlets

Burrard Inlet 3

S'èthnets

Capilano River 5

Xwmélets'then

Chawathil Indian Reserve

Chawéthel / Sxwóxwiymelh

Chawuthen 4

Chowéthel

Cheam 1

Chiyó:m

Chehalis 4/5/5a

Sts'a'í:les

Chemainus

Tsameenis *

Coquitlam 1

Slakyánc

Coquitlam 2

Setlámqemen

Cowichan Lake

Kaatza*

Douglas Reserves.

Smo:qwe'

Eyam Memorial

Íyem

Fort Langley,

Snálomelh

Fraser River

Stò:lo

Greenwood Island 3

Welqámex

Haney .

Shxwleqwén'e

Herrling Island

Smämäqwa

Holachten 8

Thewelhem

Holy Cross Mountain.

Tl'ítl'xeleqw

Hope 1

Ts'qó:ls

Hope Mountain

Stámiya

Katzie 1

Q'éyts'i

Katzie 2

Xwthéxth'exem

Kawkawa 6 / Kawkawa Lake

Q'éwq'ewe

Kaykaip 7

St'élxweth'

Klaklacum 12

Lexwtl'atl'ekw'em

Kuthlalth 3

Xelhálh

Kwawkwawapilt 6

Qweqwe'ópelhp

Lakahahmen 11

Leq'á:mel

Lakaway 2

Láxewey

Lelachen 6

Lexwlaxel

Lukseetsissum 9

Lexwthíthesem

Matsqui 4

Mómeqwem

Matsqui Main 2

Máthkwi

McLeod Peak

Yusoló:luk

McMillan Island 6

Sqwàlets

Mt. Cheam *

Lhílheqiy

Mt. Ogilvie.

Qemqemó

Musqueam 2

Xwmèthkwiyem

Musqueam 4

Xw'ichum

Nanaimo First Nation

Snenaymuxw

New Westminister.

Qiqá:yt / Stslhíqen / Sxwoyímelh

Peters 1/1a/2

Skw'átets

Pitt Lake 4

Tl'eltl'elsále

Pitt Meadows.

Q'éyts'i

Popkum 1/1a

Pópkw'em

Puckathoetchin 11

Peqwch:lthel

Qualark 4

Qw'elóqw'

Ruby Creek 2

Spópetes

Schelowat 1

Sxelé:wtwx

Schkam 2

Sqám

Scowlitz 1

Sq'éwlets

Sea Island 3

Sqwsatsun'

Seabird Island 1

Sq'éwqel

Semiahmoo 1

Tá'telew'

Seymour Creek 2

S'á:mámet

Shxw'owhamel 1

Shxw'whámél

Skawahlook 1

Sq'ewá:lxw

Skawahlum 10

Sq'ewílem

Skowkale 10/11

Sq'ewqéyl

Skumalasph 16

Qemlólhp

Skwah 4

Sqwá

Skwahla 2

Sqwá:la

Skwali 3

Sqwáli

Skway 5

Shxwhá:y

Skweahm 10

Skwiyám

Soowahlie 14

Th'ewá:lí

Sowaqua Creek

Skokel

Spuzzum 1

Spíyem

Squakum Creek 3

Sqwéxem

Squiala 7/8

Sxwoyehá:lá

Stullawheets 8

Lexwtl'ikw'elem

Sumas Cemetary 12

Semá:th

Swahliseah 14

Lexwyó:qwem

Trafalgar 13

Qíqemqèmèl

Tsawwassen 1

Stsewòthen

Tseatah 2

Siyét'e

Tunnel 6

Xelíqel

Tzeachten 13

Ch'iyáqtel

Union Bar First Nation

Peqwch:lthel

Upper Sumas 6

Kw'ekw'e'í:qw

Wahleach Island 2

Xwelích

Whonnock 1

Xwéwenaqw

Williams 2

Xwítxiyl

Yakweakwioose 12

Yeqwyeqwí:ws

Yale 1

Xwoxwelá:lhp

Yale 20

Q'alelíktel

Yale 21

Aseláw

Yale 22

Íyem

Yale 23/24

Lexwts'okw'á:m

Mapak / Maps

Kolunbia britainiarreko indiarrak / Natives of British Columbia

Eguneratua / Updated: 1998.10.20
Loturak / Links: http://home.istar.ca/~bthom/index.shtml / http://web20.mindlink.net/stolo
Eskualdeko hizkuntzen mapa / Language map of the region:
http://www3.bc.sympatico.ca/thom/language.htm
Pazifiko kostaldeko hizkuntzak (handia!) / Languages of the Paficic coast (large: 400 Kb)
http://www.chass.utoronto.ca/~dbeck/NWC%20map.html
Iturria / Source: Thanks the Elders of the Sto:lo Nation for sharing this information. This information complied by Sonny McHalsie, Brian Thom and Kevin Washbrook. Sources for this information come from McHalsie's personal knowledge of the area and the following written sources: Wilson Duff (1952) The Upper Stalo Indians of the Fraser Valley, British Columbia. Anthropology in British Columbia, Memoir 1, British Columbia Provincial Museum, Victoria; Brent Galloway, Albert Phillips and Coqualeetza Elders Group (1976-1979) Stó:lo Place Names File, Ms. Stó:lo Nation, Sardis; George Gibbs (1858) United States Boundary Survey Map. Unpublished map, copy at Stó:lo Nation Archives, Sardis; Charles Hill-Tout (1904) Ethnological Report for the StsEe'lis and Sk'au'lits Tribes of the Halkomelem Division of the Salish. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute. 43:311-376; Walter Kenyon (1953) An Archaeological Survey of the Lower Fraser from Chilliwack to the Strait of Georgia. Graduating Essay, University of British Columbia, Vancouver; Wayne Suttles (1955) Katzie Ethnographic Notes. Anthropology in British Columbia, Memoir 2. British Columbia Provincial Museum, Victoria; Wayne Suttles (1990) Central Coast Salish. In Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 7, Northwest Coast. Edited by W. Suttles, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington; Wayne Suttles (1996) Linguistic Evidence for Burrard Inlet as Former Halkomelem Territory. Papers for the 31st International Conference on Salish and Neighbouring Languages, U.B.C., August 1996; Oliver Wells (1965) A Vocabulary of Native Words in the Halkomelem Language. Sardis.

Main page

Table index

Looking for info

Links / Loturak

Your comments

Sarrera orrira

Taulen aurkibidea

New! / Zer berri?

Alphabet Street

Bisitarien iritzia

geonative@reocities.com

Zure iritziak, zuzenketak, gehikuntzak ...

Your comments, corrections, additions ...

GeoNative © Luistxo Fernandez & Marije Manterola


This page hosted by

GeoCities

Get your own Free Home Page