Italian in old Yugoslavia -
Minorities of Istria -
Croatians of Molise

In this page, tables with placenames or information for the following minorities of the Adriatic region in Europe: Italian in Slovenia and Croatia; Istriot, Istro-Romanian and Dalmatian; Croatian in Molise (Italy). See also the note about special characters.

Orrialde honetan, Adriatiko eskualdeko gutxiengo hauen inguruko informazioa daukazu: Italiera Eslovenia eta Kroazian; Istriot edo Istriera, Istro-Errumaniera eta Dalmaziera; Kroaziera Molisen (Italia). Ikus halaber karaktere berezien inguruko oharra.


Italian in Slovenia

There was a huge Italian minority in Slovenia and Croatia before World War II, dating back to the Venetian Republic. The Italian minority was concentrated in Istria and Dalmatia, and Italian were the majority in the city of Fiume/Rijeka. After World War II, nearly all of them emigrated to Italy, especially Milan. Today, the Italian minority has a special status in Slovenia with Italian schools and political representation. There are around 3,000 Italians in Slovenia. Check also the page dor the Slovene minority in Italy.

Italiera Eslovenian

II. Mundu Gerra baino lehenago, gutxiengo handiak zeuden Eslovenia eta Kroazian, Istria eta Dalmazia eskualdeetan (Fiume/Rijeka hirian gehiengoa ziren). Gaur egunean, Eslovenian badute gutxiengo estatus ezagutua eta 3.000 italiar bizi dira han. Ikus era berean esloveniar gutxiengoa Italian.

Eslovenieraz / Slovenian

Italieraz / Italian

Ankaran

Ancarano

Bertoki

Bertocchi

Dragonja

Dragogna

Istra

Istria

Izola

Isola

Kobarid

Caporetto

Koper

Capodistria

Lucija

Lucia

Piran

Pirano

Portoroz

Portorose

Postojna

Postumia

Seca

Sezza

Secovlje

Sicciole

Strunjan

Strugnano

Tolmin

Tolmino



Italian in Croatia

In Croatia, Italians number a few thousand people, and they are a recognised minority. There are 10 elementary schools and 4 secondary schools for the Italians. The Italian Union of Croatia is formed by 40 active communities. There are many Italian forms for places along Croatia, but our table lists places where the Italian Union is currently active (though only some of them, so far, unfortunately).

Italiera Kroazian

Kroazian beharbada Eslovenian baino okerrago daude Italiarrak, nahiz eta ofizialki ezagututako gutxiengoa diren eta eskolak ere badiren talde honentzat. Egun Kroaziako Italiarren Batasunak 40 bat komunitate elkartzen ditu. Historiaren poderioz, Kroaziako toki askok dute izen italiar historikoa, baina gure zerrendan Italiarren Batasuna lanean ari den toki batzuk (ez denak, tamalez)


Kroazieraz / Croatian

Italieraz / Italian

Cres (1)

Cherso

Istra (2)

Istria

Losinj (1)

Lussino

Opatija

Abbazia

Porec

Parenzo

Pula

Pola

Rijeka

Fiume

Rovinj

Rovigno

Split

Spalato

Umag

Umago

Vodnjan

Dignano

Zadar

Zara

(1) Uhartea / Island
(2) Penintsula



Croatian in Molise (Italy)

In Southern Molise province of Italy, there is a diasporic dialect of Croatian, spoken by descendants of 15th and 16th century refugees from Dalmatia. It is spoken in just three villages, by some 3.500 people; mostly old people, so the language is severely endangered.

Kroaziera Molisen (Italia)

In Southern Molise province of Italy, there is a diasporic dialect of Croatian, spoken by descendants of 15th and 16th century refugees from Dalmatia. It is spoken in just three villages, by some 3.500 people; mostly old people, so the language is severely endangered.


Italieraz / Italian

Kroaziaraz / Croatian

Acquaviva Collecroce

Kruc / Ziva Voda - Kruc

Campobasso (2)

Kampovas

Montemitro

Mundimitar

San Felice del Molise / San Felice Slavo (1)

Stifilic

(1) izen zaharra / old name
(2) Eskualdeko hiriburua, ez berez Kroaziera mintzo den eremukoa / Regional capital, but not a town where Croatian is native.



Istro-Romanian

A dialect of Romanian (a romance language also), isolated as a linguistic island in Istria. Now spoken in the Croatian village of Zejane in the northeast of the Istrian Peninsula, and a few villages south of it. Speakers: from 500 to 1.500 according to different sources. We only have two names. See also the page about the Aroumanians.

Istro-Errumaniera

Errumanieraren dialekto isolatu bat, Istrian. Orain, Kroaziako Zejane herrian hitz egiten da, Istriako ipar-ekialdean, eta inguruko herrixketan. Hiztunak: 500-1.500 lagun bitartean. Ikus pare bat izen hor behean. Halaber, ikus Arumanieraren inguruko informazioa.

Kroazieraz

Istro-errumanieraz

Jasenovik

Sucodru

Nova Vas

Noselo


Istriot

This romance language was spoken in Croatia, in the western coast of the Istrian Peninsula, now only in towns of Rovinj (Rovigno) and Vodnjan (Dignano), by less than 1.000 speakers. Its relationship with other romance languages of the area (Italian, Dalmatian or Friulian) is not still clear.

Istriot / Istriera

Istriako mintzaira erromaniko hau Istriako mendebaldean mintatzen zen Kroazian. Orain, bi herritan soilik: Rovinj (Rovigno) eta Vodnjan (Dignano), eta mila hiztun ere ez dira geratzen. Eskualdeko beste hizkuntza erromaniko batzuekin duen erlazioa ez dago argi.


Dalmatian

Extinct romance language also known with other names: Ragusan, Vegliot. Spoken in Croatia along the coast of Dalmatia. Last spoken in Krk (Veglia) where became extinct in 1898, formerly also in Zadar and Dubrovnik (Ragusa).

Dalmaziera

Dalmaziako hizkuntza erromaniko hila, Kroaziako kostaldean mintatzen zen. 1898an hil zen azken hiztuna Krk uhartean (Veglia). Han Vegliot izaten zitzaion, eta Ragusera ere esan izan zaio hizkuntzari Ragusa edo Dubrovnik hirian mintzatzen baitzen.


Regarding spellings, we use some conventions as shown in this table below. Check the Glossary of Diacritics to identify distinct accent signs.

Idazkerari dagokionez, beheko taulako egokitzapenak egin ditugu orri honetarako. Ikus zeinu Diakritikoen hiztegia azento bakoitzaren izen ingelesak zer adierazten duen jakiteko.

hizkuntzak / languages

gure tauletan / in our tables

jatorrian / originally

Slovenian / Croat

S C Z / C

S C & Z with Caron; C with Acute



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Mapa honetan Istro-Errumanierak Istriaren kokapena markatzen du, Eslovenia eta Kroaziaren arteko mugan
In this map, the position of Istro-Romanian marks the Istrian peninsula, in the Slovenian-Croatian border


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