Chukchi / Koryak

Txuktxi / Koriak


In these page, Chukchi and Koryak names. See the other tables from the former Soviet Union,.

Regarding spellings, we use some conventions as shown in this table below [Check also the Glossary of Diacritics]. Names appear transliterated from Chukchi and Russian ciryllic scripts here (Koryak names are approximate), following international standards, with some additional conventions used in GeoNative, as it is shown below:

Orri honetan, Txuktxi and Koriak herrien toki-izenak. Sobiet Batasuneko beste herri batzuk hemen.

Idazkerari dagokionez, beheko taulako egokitzapenak egin ditugu orri honetarako, Errusiera eta Txuktxieraren kasuan. [ikus halaber zeinu Diakritikoen hiztegia], ez ordea, Koriakeraren kasuan, non hurbilpen fonetiko batzuk ageri diren.



Koryak

The Koryak language, spoken by some 4,000 people, is part of the Chukotko-Kamchatkan family. Koryak proper is quite close to Chukchi, and, in turn, a couple of dialects (Alutor or Nymylan and Kerek), are considered separate languages by some linguists. The standard dialectal form used in radio emissions is called Chavchuven, and the correct self-designation for that is Chawchvajejyl. The Koryak Autonomous Region (Okrug) is located in the northern part of the penninsula of Kamtchatka. Population: 35,000 people, and only 20% are Koryak. Russians and Ukrainians make up over 75% of the total. The rest are other native groups: Chukchi, Itel'men, and Even. The capital is Palana.

 

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Cawcvajejyl

Koryak Erregio Autonomoa Kamtxatka penintsulako iparraldean dago, Siberiako ipar-ekialdean. Hiriburua: Palana. Biztanleak: 35,000, horietarik soilik %20 Koriakak. Errusiar eta ukrainiar etorkinak %75 dira, eta gainerakoak beste natibo batzuk: Txuktxi, Itel'men, Even. Koriakeraz 4.000 lagun mintzo dira: estandar bat dago irratian erabiltzen dena (Txavtxuven dialektoa), eta beste dialekto batzuk urrunxeago daude (Alutor edo Nimilan eta Kerek); batzuentzat hizkuntza desberdinak dira horiek. Txukokto-Kamtxatkar hizkuntzen familiakoa da. Hizkuntzaren jatorrizko izen onartua Txawtxvajejyl da.

 

* Errusieraz

* Koryak

Acavajam

Asawayam

Apuka

Pukas"awe

Dobrozinskij Ostrov

Ilis

Kultosino:

Ilr

Oljutorka

Alut

Paren

Po"itelo

Tiliciki

Tëgrran

Vyvenka

Wiwën

Vyvenka [river]

"Ënpëwayam



Chukchi

The Chukchis, relatives of the Koryaks, live in the extreme northeastern part of Siberia, in the area between the Chukchi and Bering Seas, in the Chukotka or Chukchi peninsula, and belong to the Chukchi Autonomous District of the Russian Federation (Magadan Region) and to the Lower Kolyma District of Yakutia-Sakha. In 1989 there were 15,183 Chukchis, of whom 70.3 % spoke the language (self-denomination: Chawchyw). Most Chukchis (about 75%) are Tundra or Interior Chukchis (Chavchu - reindeer men), and the rest "coastal men", the Ankalyn. The term Lygoravetlyan or Luorawetlan covers all of them as well. The Chukchi assimilation process has gone very far: already in 1970 they were only 11% in their autonomous district. Their chances for ethnic survival rely moslty in the revival of traditional reindeer herding.
See the other tables from the former Soviet Union,.

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Cawcyw

Txuktxi herria Siberiako ipar-ekialdeko muturrean bizi da, Txuktxi edo Txukotka penintsulan. Han dago Txuktxien Barruti Autonomoa, baina handik kanpo ere bizi dira txuktxiak, batik bat Jakutian. 1989an 15.183 ziren eta %70 inguru ziren txuktxieraz mintzo zirenak (hizkuntzaren jatorrizko izena: Txawtxyw). Bi taldetan bereizten dira txuktxiak: hiru laurdenak tundrakoak dira (Txavtxu esaten zaie, orein zaindariak-edo), eta gainerakoak, kostaldekoak, Ankalyn jendea. Denak hartzen dituen termino bat ere bada: Lygoravetlyan edo Luorawetlan. Txuktxien asimilazio oso urruti iritzi da; dagoeneko 1970 beren barrutian ez ziren %11 besterik. Beren iraupenerako orein zaintza tradizionalaren berrindartzea izan daiteke aukera bakarra.

Sobiet Batasuneko beste herri batzuk hemen.

 

Russian

Chukchi

Ajon, ostrov (island)

Ajon

Amguèma (river)

O"mwaam

Anadyr' (river)

Jàajwaam

Anadyr'

Kagyrgyn / Wènyn / Gujguqej (old name)

Beringovskij

Gacgatagyn

Bol'soj Anjuj (river)

Wylgilweem / Mejnyuttyweem

Caunskaja guba (bay)

Caan

Deznëva, mys (cape)

Ujwen

Ègvekinot

Erwykynnot

Hatyrka

Watyrkan

Iul'tin

Iwyltin

Kolyma (river)

Ekulumen

Kresta, zaliv (bay)

Welqelqujym

Little Diomede (in Alaska), Russian Malyj Diomid, ostrov (island)

Inetlin

Majn (river)

Mejnyweem

Malyj Anjuj (river)

Uttyweem

Markovo

Gujgun / Ujwyn

Navarin, mys (cape)

Roratyn

Nunligran

Nunlygran

Omolon (river)

Olol

Otto Smidta, mys (cape)

Ryrkajpijan

Paljavaam (river)

Palawaam

Pevek

Peek

Ratmanova, ostrov / Bol'soj Diomid, ostrov (island)

Imelin

Selagskij, mys (cape)

Erykwyn / Ponnegyrgyn

Uèlen

Uwelen

Ust'-Belaja

Kuulucy`n

Val'kumej

Wylqynej

Vankarem

Wanqareman

Vrangelja, ostrov (island)

Umqilir



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Txuktxiak, Koriakak eta inguruko herri siberiarrak
Chukchis, Koryaks and neighbouring Siberian native peoples

Siberiako mapa, Koriaken eskualdean ekialdean
Map of Siberia with Koryak region in the east

Txuktxien eskualdea
The Chukchi region


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