Kïrïm - Krïm

Krym / Krimea / Crimea

Tatar - Karaim

 

Sobiet Batasuna zeneko taula gehiago hemen.
Errusiera eta Ukrainera transliteratuak ageri dira hemen (ikus Alphabet Street atala). Zeinu diakritiko bereziak honela ageri dira, ASR sistemarekin adieraziak:
c< s< z< [caron]
s¸ [s cedilla] tatarrerarako
 

Check other tables from the former Soviet Union. Russian and Ukrainian names appear transliterated from the ciryllic script (Check the Alphabet Street section). The following signs are written in ASR system:
c< s< z< [caron]
s¸ [s cedilla] for Crimean Tatar


Krimeako Tatarrera eta Karaimera sartu ditugu orri honetan, Krimean jatorria duten bi hizkuntza turkiar, nahiz eta Karaimeraz mintzo direnak orain ez diren han bizi. Errusia eta Sobiet Batasuna zenekoan Tatar talde bat baino gehiago dago; ikus, adibidez, Tatarstan.

We have included in this page tables for Crimean Tatar and Karaim, two Turkic languages that originated in Crimea, although Karaim is no longer spoken there but in Lithuania. In Russia there are several groups with the name Tatar. Check, for instance, the page for Tatarstan.
 

Krimea

Krimea 27.000 km2-ko penintsula da. 18. mendean konkistatu zuen Errusiak. Sobiet Batasunean Errusiako parte izan zen 1954 arte, eta harrezkero Ukrainakoa. Orain Ukraina independentearen parte da, noski, baina badira Errusiaren aldekoak Krimean. Biztanlegoa (1991): 2,5 milioi. Etniak: Errusiarrak (%65); Ukranarrak (%22); Krimeako Tatarrak (%10); eta gainerakoak (%3): Bielorrusiar, Armeniar, Greko, Aleman eta Karaimak. Tatarrak eta beste talde batzuk egotzi zituzten herri honetatik 1945an, eta itzultzen hasi dira berriki, batik bat Tatarrak. Armeniar, Bulgariar, Greko eta Alemanak 1960-70etan hasi ziren itzultzen, baina gutxiago izan dira: 4.000 inguru ber-kokatu dira, eta beste 50.000 itzul daitezkeela espero da.

Crimea

Crimea covers an area of 27,000 square kilometers. This peninsula was conquered by Russians in the 18th century. In the Soviet Union it was part of Russia till 1954, when it was transfered to Ukraine. Now it is part of independent Ukraine, but pro-Russian movements are present in the territory. The population of Crimea was 2,550,000 in 1991, consisting of Russians (65%); Ukranians (22%); Crimean Tatars (10%); and Belorussians, Armenians, Greeks, Germans, and Karaims (3%). Tatars and other inhabitants were expelled from there in 1945. Tatars are now returning in great numbers. The return of Armenians, Bulgarians, Greeks and Germans started back in the 1960s and 1970s and never reached such mass proportions as with the Tatars. They number around 4,000 currently; however, another 50,000 are expected to return.
 


Krimeako tatarrak

1945. urtean egotzi zituzten tatarrak Krimeatik. 1979ko erroldan, 400.000 Krimeako tatar zeuden Sobiet Batasunean, erdiak baino gehiago Uzbekistanen. 1988tik aurrera, itzultzen hasi dira beren sorterrira, Krimeara, eta 240.000 han kokatu dira dagoeneko. Hauetarik gehienak Uzbekistandik joan dira, eta Ukrainako herritartasuna lortzeko arazoak dituzte orain. Krimeako tatarren hizkuntza ez da Tatarstangoen tatarren mintzaira bera.

Crimean Tatars

The language of the Crimea Tatars is different from Volga Tatar, the one spoken in Tatarstan. So far, 240,000 Tatars have returned to Crimea, and another 200,000 are still expected. Most of them (72%) are coming from Uzbekistan. They try to get Ukrainian citizenship, but procedures are not easy.

* Errusieraz / * Russian

*Ukrainieraz

* Krimeako tatarreraz

* Krym

* Krym

* Kïrïm

* Krymskaja Respublika

* Kryms'ka Respublika

Alupka

Alupka

Alupka

Alus<ta

Alus<ta

Alus¸ta

Arabatskij Zaliv

Arabats'ka Zatoka (bay)

Arabat Körfezi

Armjansk

Armjans'k

Armensk

Arsincevo

Kamis

Azovskoe More [Sea of Azov]

Azovs'ke More

Bagerovo

Baherove

Baqïrova

Bahc<isaraj

Baxc<ysaraj

Bahçesaray

Balaklava

Balïklava

Belogorsk

Bilohirs'k

Karasubazar

C<ernomorskoe

C<ornomors'ke

Mesçit

Dz<ankoj

Dz<ankoj

Canköy

Evpatorija

Jevpatorija

Gözleve

Feodosija

Feodosija

Kefe

Gurzuf

Hurzuf

Gurzuf

Gvardejskoe

Hvardijs'ke

Jalta

Jalta

Yalta

Kac<a

Kac<a

Kerc<'

Kerc<

Kerç

Kerc<enskij Proliv

Kerc<ens'ka Protoka

Kerç Bogazi

Kirovskoe

Kirovs'ke

Islämdirek

Krasnosel'skoe

S¸aman

Lenino

Lenine

Yedi Kuyu

Massandra

Masandra

Masandra

Mys Hersonesskij

Mys Xersones

Hersones Burnu

Mys Kazantip

Mys Kazantip

Azantip Burhun

Mys Saryc<

Mys Saryc<

Laspiburnu

Mys Tarhankut

Mys Tarxankut

Tarhan Kut Burnu

Nyz<negorskij

Nyz<n'ohirs'kyj

Bernas

Oktjabr'skoe

Oktjabr's'ke

Büyük-Onlar

Olenevka

Olenivka

Karaca

Pervomajskoe

Pervomajs'ke

Curcï

Primorskij

Prymors'kyj

Barköy

Razdol'noe

Rozdol'ne

Ak-S¸eyh

Saki

Saky

Saki

Sevastopol'

Sevastopol'

Akyar

Simeiz

Simejiz

Simeiz

Simferopol'

Simferopol'

Akmescid

Sivas

Sivas<

Cürük Denïz

Staryj Krym

Staryj Krym

Eski Kïrïm

Strelkovoe

Kazarma

Sudak

Sudak

Sudak

Voinka

Vojinka

Büyükaklacï

Zuja

Zuja

Zoya


Karaim

Karaimak sekta judu bat dira, Talmud-etik kanpokoa. Krimean zeuden antzina kokatuak, non hizkuntza turkiar bat hartu zuten berentzat. Handik, gero, sakabanatu egin ziren Lituania, Polonia eta Ukrainara. Gaurko beren kokagune nagusiak dira Trakai herria, Vilniustik gertu (Lituania), eta Halitx Lviv-etik gertu (Ukraina). Hizkuntza galdua dago ia-ia: 50 hiztun geratzen dira Lituanian, 8 Ukrainan. Krimean eta Polonian batere ez, ezta mundu zabaleko diasporan ere.

Karaim

The Karaim are a non-talmudic Jewish group, and they were located mainly in Crimea, where they became turkicised in language. From Crimea, the Karaim spread to Poland, Lithuania and Ukraine. Their main settlements today are Trakai, near Vilnius (Lithuania), and Halich, near Lviv (Ukraine). Today, the turkic Karaim language is understood only by 50 people in Lithuania and 8 people in Ukraine. The Karaims in Poland and Crimea do not use Karaim. There is also a Karaim diaspora around the world.
 
 
 

* Map name / Mapetan

* Karaim

* State / * Non dagoen

Black Sea

Kara De'ngiz

Crimea

Krïm

Ukraine

Halic<

Halic<

Ukraine

Ivano-Frankivsk

Tas<ly s<ahar

Ukraine

Karaimu» [Karaim Street in Trakai]

Karaj oramy

Lithuania

Malovanka

Kiorkliu sala

Lithuania

Poland

Esavlych

Trakai

Trox

Lithuania

Vilnius

Ullu s<ahar / Vilnia

Lithuania

 
Last updated / Eguneratua: 1999.10.01
Informer / Laguntzaile: Thomas Tvegaard (Tatar), Eva Csato (Karaim)
Loturak / Links:
Crimean Tatar: http://www.euronet.nl/users/sota/krimtatar.html
Karaim: http://www.turkiye.net/sota/karaim.html
http://www3.aa.tufs.ac.jp/~djn/karaim/kCDcomm.htm


Mapak / Maps

Krimea: Kokapena / Location

Main page

Table index

Looking for info

Links / Loturak

Your comments

Sarrera orrira

Taulen aurkibidea

New! / Zer berri?

Alphabet Street

Bisitarien iritzia

geonative@reocities.com

Zure iritziak, zuzenketak, gehikuntzak ...

Your comments, corrections, additions ...

GeoNative © Luistxo Fernandez & Marije Manterola


This page hosted by

GeoCities

Get your own Free Home Page