Irani & Iraqi Kurdistan

 

Orri honetan Iran eta Irakeko kurduen taulak ezarri ditugu. Kurdistango beste eskualde batzuk (Siria eta Turkia) hemen eta baita hemen ere (Sobiet Batasun ohirako: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkmenistan).

In this page we have tables for Kurdish placenames in Iran and Iraq. Check other parts of Kurdistan (Turkey, Lebanon and Syria) clicking here and here (for the former Soviet Union: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkmenistan).


Kurduak Iranen

Zazpi bat milioi kurdu bizi dira Iranen, non populazioaren %9 inguru diren, batik bat, Azerbaijan Mendebaldea eta Bakhtaran eskualdean daude kokatuak.Teherango edozein aginte motarentzat, Kurdistan mehatxu bat da. Berdin dio integrista ala ez, agintearentzat, hau Farsi edo Persieraz mintzatzen den estatua da, eta hizkuntza gutxituek ez dute inolako eskubiderik.

Kurdish in Iran

Around 25,5% af all kurds, some 7 million people, live in Iran. They are around 9% of the population of Iran. Western Azerbaijan and Bakhtaran regions are the main Kurdish settlement areas. Neither the old pro-western Shahrist monarchy nor the present islamic revolutionary authorities (moderate and integrists alike) are sympathetic to the Kurds, of course. For any authority in Tehran, this is a Persian or Farsi-speaking country, and language-minorities have no linguistic or territorial rights at all.

Izen kurduak Hawar izeneko idazkera latinotik hartuak daude. Zeinu diakritiko bereziak honela ageri dira, ASR sistemarekin adieraziak:
Kurduera: s¸ [cedilla]
Sorani dialektoko izenak ere gehitu ditugu (parentesi artean) kasu batzuetan, eta izen horiek Arabierazko alfabetotik transliteratuak ageri dira. Farsi izenak ere ohiko transliterazioen arabera ageri dira latinisatutaç

Kurdish names written according to the Hawar latin script, but names added between brackets indicate Sorani dialect names transliterated from the Arabic script. The following sign is written in ASR system:
Kurdish: s¸ [cedilla]
Iranian-Farsi names appear with usual transliterations from the Perso-Arabic script.
 

* Farsi / * Iranian

* Kurdish

Aland [river]

çemê Elendê

Alburz [mountains]

Elburz (Alburz):

Aq [river]

çemê Sipî

Aras [river]

çemê Erezê, çemê Eresê

Azarbaijan-e Gharbi [region: Western Azerbaidzhan]

Azerbaycana Rojavayê

Bakhtaran [region]

Kirmas¸an (Kirmashan)

Baluchistan

Beluçistan (Baluchistan):

Bampour

Bempûr (Bampur)

Bandar Gaz

Bender Gez (Bandar Gaz)

Bane

Banê (Bane)

Bazargan

Bazirgan

Behshar

Bêhs¸ar (Behshar)

Bijar

Bîcar (Bijar)

Birjand

Bîrcend (Birjand)

Bojnurd

Bicnord (Bijnord)

Bukan

Bokan

Çuli

Çulî

Damavand

Demawand (Damawand)

Daylam

Dêlam (Delam)

Divandare

Dîwandere (Diwandara)

Eslamamabad-e Gharb = Shahabad

S¸ahabad (Shahabad), Eslamabad (Aslamabad)

Gamsar

Gemsar (Gamsar)

Germap

Germab, Germav

Gilan [region]

Gîlan (Gilan) :

Gilan-e Gharb

Gîlanî Xerb (Gilani Gharb)

Harsin

Hersîn (Harsin)

IIam

Îlam (Ilam)

IIam [region]

Îlam (Ilam)

Kamyaran

Kamyaran (Kamyaran)

Karkas [mountains]

Kerkes (Karkas)

Kermanshah = Bakhtaran

Kirmas¸an (Kirmashan), Kêrmas¸an

Khalkhal

Xelxal (Khalkhal)

Khorasan [region]

Xorasan (Khorasan):

Khoy

Xoy

Kirind

Kirênd (Kirend)

Lar

Lar (Lar)

Mahabad

Mehabad (Mahabad)

Mahran

Mêran (Meran)

Maku

Mako

Maku [river]

çemê Makoyê

Manis

Manîs¸

Marivan

Merîvan (Marivan)

Miyandoab

Miyanduaw (Miyanduaw)

Naqade

Nexede (Naghada)

Neka [river]

Nêka (Neka)

Orumiye [lake]

Gola Wirmiyê

Orumiye, Reza'iye

Wirmiye

Oshnuyeh

S¸ino

Pave

Pawe (Pawa)

Piranshar

Pîrans¸ar (Piranshar)

Qaracay

Qereçay (Qarachay)

Qasr-e Shirin

Qesrî S¸îrîn (Qasri Shirin)

Qazvin

Qezbên (Qazben), Qezwîn (Qazwin)

Qotur

Qotûr

Qotur [river]

çemê Qotûrê

Quchan

Qoçan (Qochan)

Ravansar

Rewanser (Rawansar)

Sahne

Sehnê (Sahne)

Salmas

Selmaz, Selmas

Sanandaj = Sinna = Sina

Sine (Sina)

Saqqez

Seqiz (Saqiz)

Sar-e Pol-e Zahab

Serî Polî Zehab (Sari Poli Zahab), Serpolî Zehab (Sarpoli Zahab)

Sardasht

Serdes¸t (Sardasht)

Saujbulagh = Mahabad

Mehabad (Mahabad)

Saveh

Save (Sava)

Shahindezh

S¸ahîndij (Shahindizh)

Shahpur = Salmas

Selmaz, Selmas

Shirvan

S¸êrwan (Sherwan)

Siyahkal

Siyahkel (Siyahkal)

Sonqor

Sonqor (Sonqor)

Takab

Tîkab

Varamin

Veramin (Varamin)

Zagros [mountains]

Zagros (Zagros)

Zanjan-Khalkhal [region]

Zencer-Xelxal (Zanjar-Khalkhal):

Zanjar

Zencer (Zanjar)

Zola [river]

çemê Zolê


Kurduak Iraken

4.4 milioki kurdu daude Iraken, non Kurdistanek iparraldeko eta ekialdeko eskualdeak hartzen dituen. Eskualde horietako batzuetan kurduak burujabe dira de facto, "babes eremua" ezarri diotelako Nazio Batuek Saddam Husseinn Irakeko erregimenari. Hala ere, kurduen arteko gatazkak eta Turkiaren ekintzak (gerrilarien kontra barneratzen dira oposiziorik gabe lurralde honetan) oso "babes" ahula dela erakusten digute. Iraken Sorani eta Gurani dialektoetan mintzatzen dira batik bat, biak pertso-arabieraren alfabetoz idatziak. Badira kurduak Iraken Kurdistandik kanpo ere hala nola Mosul (kurdueraz Mûsil) eta Bagdad (k. Bexa, Bexda) hirietan.

Kurdish in Iraq

There are around 4.4 million Kurds in Iraq. Kurdistan comprises parts of the North and Eastern parts of this state. Some regions of this area are self-governed, de facto, by Kurds, due to the "safe heaven area" imposed upon Saddam Hussein's Iraqi regime by the UN. However internecine conflicts among Kurd faction and attacks of Turkey in this territory (to chase Kurdish forces fighting in Turkey) makes this region anything but a "safe heaven" for Kurds. In Iraq, Sorani and Gurani are the main spoken Kurdish dialects, both written in the perso-arabic script. There are also Kurds in Iraq outside Kurdistan as in Mosul (Mûsil in Kurdish) and Baghdad (k. Bexa, Bexda).

 

Taulako 3. zutabean izenak transliteraturik jarri ditugu, baina forma estandarrenak ere jarri ditugu, Hawar alfabeto latinoan idatzirik. Honako zeinu hau ASR siisteman adierazia dago:
Kurduerazko s¸ [cedilla]
Arabierazko izenak ohiko transliterazioen arabera idatzuak.

We provide here transliterations from the perso-arabic script, but also the most standardised forms written according to the Hawar latin script. The following sign is written in ASR system:
Kurdish: s¸ [cedilla]
Names in Arabic appear according to usual transliterations.
 


* Arabieraz

* Kurdueraz, idazkera latinoz / * Kurdish latin script

* Era transliteratua / * Translitterated form

Altun Kopru

Pirdê

Pirde

Amadiyah

Amêdê / Amêdî

Aqrah

Akrê

Arbat

Erbet

Arbat

Arbil

Hewlêr

Hawler

Atrush

Etrûs¸

Baba Gurgur

Baba Gurgur

Baba Gurgur

Badrah

Bedre

Badra

Bahdinan [region]

Badînan / Behdînan

Bakhma [dam]

bendava Bexmê

Balad Sinjar

S¸ingal / S¸ingar / S¸engal

Barazgir [river]

Berazgir

Barazgir

Barmarni

Bamernê

Barzan

Barzan

Barzan

Barzanja

Berzence

Barzanja

Bingird

Bingird

Bingird

Birkim

Bîrkim

Birkim

Chamchamal

Çemçemal

Chamchamal

Chaqlave [river]

çemî Çaqlawê

Cham-i Chaqlawe

Chiai Surkh [mountain]

çiyay Sûrx

Chia-i Surkh

Chinchal [river]

çemî Çînçal

Cham-i Chinchal

Chiqchiq [river]

çemî Çiqçiq

Cham-i Chiqchiq

Chiyae Qara [mountain]

çiyayê Qere / Qeredax

Chwarta

Çwarta

Chwarta

Dahuk

Dihok / Duhok

Daquq

Daquq / Tawuq

Daquq / Tawuq

Darbandikhan

Derbendîxan

Darbandikhan

Darbandikhan [dam]

Derbendî Xan

Darband-i Khan

Dewana [river]

çemî Dêwane

Cham-i Dewana

Diana

Diyana

Diyana

Dibaga

Dîbege

Dibaga

Diyala [river]

Sîrwan

Sirwan

Dukan

Dokan

Dokan

Dukan [dam]

bendava Dokanê

Dulf

Dûlf

Dulf

Gogasur [river]

awî Gogasûr

Aw-i Gogasur

Gomel Su [river]

Gomilsu / ava Gomil?

Guwer / Quwayr

Guwêr

Guwer

Haj Umran

Hacî Omran

Haj-i Omran

Halabjah

Helebce

Halabja

Harir

Herîr

Harir

Hawraman

Hewraman

Hawraman

Hazar Mard [historical]

Hezar Merd

Hazar Mard

Jabal Hamrin [mountain]

Hemrîn

Hamrin

Jabal Sinjar [mountain]

çiyayê S¸ingalê

Jalaula / Jalula / Jalawla

Celewla

Jalawla

Jarmo [historical]

Cermo

Jarmo

Kalar

Kilar / Kelar

Kilar / Kelar

Kani Harme

Kanîhermê / Kanîy Hermê

Kaniharme / Kani-i Harme

Kani Masi

Kanîmasî

Kani Rash

Kanîres¸ / Kanîy Res¸

Kanirash / Kani-i Rash

Khabur [river]

çema Xabûrê / Xabûr / Xabîr

Khana Sor

Xanesor

Khanaqin

Xaneqî

Khanaqi

Khazir [river]

çema Xazirê

Khurmal

Xurmal

Khurmal

Kifri

Kifrî

Kifri

Kirkuk

Kerkûk

Karkuk

Koi Sanjaq

Koye

Koya

Kormor

Kormor

Kormor

Laylan

Leylan

Laylan

Linki [mountain]

Linkî

Mala Qara

Mala Qere

Mala Qara

Mandali

Mendelî

Mandali

Maranah

Mirane / Merane

Mirana / Marana

Mawat

Mawet

Mawat

Maydan

Meydan

Maydan

Mirga

Mîrge

Mirga

Naft Khane

Neftxane

Naftkhana

Parakh

Perex

Penjwin

Pêncwîn

Penjwin

Peshkhabur

Pês¸xabûr

Qadir Karam

Qadirkerem

Qadirkaram

Qala Diza

Qeladizê

Qaladize

Qara Bulak Gawra

Qerebulak Gewre

Qarabulak Gawra

Qara Dagh

Qeredax

Qaradagh

Qara Dagh [mountain]

Qeredax

Qaradagh

Qarah Tappah

Qeretepe

Qaratapa

Qoratu

Qoretû / Qêretû

Qoratu / Qeratu

Ranya

Raniye

Raniya

Rawandiz

Rewandiz

Rawandiz

Rayat

Rayat

Rayat

Samil

Simêl / Sumêl

Sangar

Senger

Sangar

Shahidan

S¸ahîdan

Shahidan

Shahraban

S¸ehreban

Shahraban

Shakhi Baranan [mountain]

s¸axî Beranan / Beranandax

Shakh-i Baranan / Baranandagh

Shamdinan [river]

S¸emdînan

Shamdinan

Shaqlawa

S¸eklawe

Shaklawa

Shaykhan

S¸êxan

Sihiler [river]

awî S¸ilêr

Awi Shiler

Sulaymaniyah

Silêmanî

Silemani

Surdash

Sûrdas¸ / Sêrdas¸

Surdash

Tall Afar

Tilafar / Tilefer

Tanjaro [river]

çemî Tancero

Cham-i Tanjaro

Taqtaq

Teqteq

Taqtaq

Tawuq

Daquq / Tawuq

Daquq / Tawuq

Tawuq Chay [river]

çemî Basîrd

Taza Khurmatu

Taze Xûrmatû / Taze Xormatû

Taza Khurmatu / Taza Khormatu

Towakal

Towekel

Towakal

Tuz Khurmatu

Tûzxûrmatû / Tûzxormatû

Tuzkhurmatu / Tuzkhormatu

Zab, Great [river]

Zêyê Badînanê / Zêyê Mezin

Ze-i Badinan

Zab, Lesser [river]

Zêyê Koyê / Zêyê Biçûk

Ze-i Koya

Zakho

Zaxo

Zaxo

Zibar

Zibar / Bilê

Zibar / Bile

Eguneratua / Last updated: 1998-07-07
Loturak / Links:
http://www.cogsci.ed.ac.uk/~siamakr/kurd_lal.html
http://www.xs4all.nl/~tank/kurdish/htdocs/facts/
Laguntzaile / Informer: Mikael Frölund (euskaraz idatziozu: ikasten ari da!)


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