Kurdistana Sor

Kurdistan Gorria: Kurduak Sobiet Batasun ohian

Red Kurdistan: Kurds in the former Soviet Union

 


Orri honetan Sobiet Batasun ohiko kurduen taulak ezarri ditugu: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkmenistan. Kurdistango beste eskualde batzuk (Siria, Libano eta Turkia) hemen eta baita Iran eta Irakeko Kurdistan ere.

Sobiet Batasuna zeneko taula gehiago hemen.

In this page we have tables for Kurdish placenames in the former Soviet Union: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Turkmenistan. For other Kurdish areas check here (Iran and Iraq) and here (Turkey, Lebanon and Syria).

Check also other tables from the former Soviet Union.

Kurdistan Gorria

Sobiet Batasuna zenean, Kurduak talde etniko bezala zeuden ezagutuak, baina ez zuten berezko lurralderik eduki han, salbu eta 1923tik 192rako epean, non Kurdistana Sor (Kurdistan Gorria) eskualde autonomoa eratu zen Azerbaijanen. 1979ko errolda sobietarrak zioen 150.000 Kurdu zeudela han, baina Kurduek berek askoz kopuru garaiagoak ematen dituzte. Kurduak jatorriz kokatutako eskualdeak Kaukasoan eta Turkmenistanen daude.

 

Red Kurdistan

In the former Soviet Union, Kurdish were numbered as a separate ethnic group, though no particular territory was atributed to them. Anyway, areas of the Caucasus and Turkmenistan have been of traditional Kurd settlement for centuries. In a period from 1923 to 1929, there was an autonomous region called Kurdistana Sor (Red Kurdistan) in Azerbaijan. The soviet census of 1979 numbered 150.000 Kurds in the USSR, but Kurds themselves give much more higher numbers.

Ikus Alphabet Street atala idazkeren detaile gehiago jakiteko:

  • Kurduera Hawar alfabeto latinoan idatzia.
  • Errusiera zirilikotik transliteratua dago hemen.
  • Armeniera ingelesezko ohiko formen arabera transliteratua.
  • Georgiera ohiko estandarraren arabera transliteratua
  • Turkmenera eta Azeriera alfabeto latino berrietan idatzia.
  • Zeinu diakritiko bereziak honela ageri dira, ASR sistemarekin adieraziak:
    • c< s< z< [caron], Errusiera transliteratuan.
    • s¸ [s + cedilla], Kurdueraz
    • ä+ [buruz beherako a] i+ [i puntubakoa], Azerieraz
 

Check the Alphabet Street section for details about spellings:
  • Kurdish written in Hawar latin script
  • Russian names appear transliterated from the ciryllic script
  • Armenian transliterated according to English forms
  • Georgian transliterated according to standard forms
  • Turkmen and Azeri written in respective new latin scripts.
  • The following signs are written in ASR system:
    • c< s< z< [caron], in transliterated Russian
    • s¸ [s + cedilla], in Kurdish
    • ä+ [inverted a] i+ [dotless i], in Azeri
 

 


Kurduak Azerbaijanen

Kurdistana Sor (Kurdistan Gorria) eskualde autonomoa izan zen Azerbaijanen 1923tik 1929ra. 25 bat herri ziren Nafarroaren erdia zen eskualde batean, Armenia eta Nagorno Karabakh artean, Lachin zelarik hiriburua. Eskualde hori desantolatu zuten gero sobietarrek, eta Azerbaijango kurdu asko deportatu ere Errusiako Krasnodar eskualdera. Handik 1989an 20.000 bat itzuli ziren (40.000 laguneko multzotik). Kurdistana Sor zena Armenia eta Azerbaijanen arteko gerrako eremu bilakatu da, Nagorno Karabakh dela eta, eta orain Armeniarren kontrolpean dago. Kurduek diotenez, 1988an 250.000 - 400.000 Kurdu zeuden Azerbaijanen.

Kurdish in Azerbaijan

Kurdistana Sor (Red Kurdistan) was an autonomous region within Azerbaijan from 1923 to 1929. It consisted of about 25 villages in an area of 5200 km2 between Armenia and the ex-autonomous region of Nagorno Karabakh, with Lachin as the main town. This region was dismantled, and later on, many Kurds from Azerbaijan were deported to Krasnodar (Russia). In 1989, 20 000 (out of 40 000) returned to Azerbaijan. The old Kurdistana Sor area has been disputed in the Armenian-Azeri war for Nagorno Karabakh and it is mostly under Armenian control now. According to Kurd calculations, there were were between 250 000 - 400 000 Kurds in Azerbaijan in 1988.

* Errusieraz / * Russian

* Azerieraz

* Kurdueraz

* Azerbaydz<an

* Azä+rbaycan

* Azerbaycan / Azirbêcan

Garabag

Qerebax

Kel'badz<ar

Kä+lbacar

Kelbajar

Kubatly

Qubatli+

Qûbadlî

Lac<in

Laçi+n

Laçîn

Zengelan

Zä+ngilä+n

Zengelan


Kurduak Armenian

60.000 Kurdu inguru egon daitezke Armenian. Beren populazioa zenbait herrixkatan kokatzen da, batez ere errepublika honetako ipar-mendebaldean.

Kurdish in Armenia

They may be around 60.000 Kurds in Armenia.There are several pockets of Kurd population throughout Armenia, mostly in the northewest part of the republic.

* Armenieraz

* Kurdueraz

* Hayastan [Armenia]

* Ermenistan

Aragats [mountain / turkish: Alagöz]

çiyayê Alagozê / çiyayê Elegezê

Araks [river]

Erez / çêmê Erezê / ava Erezê

Ararat

Ararat

Armavir

Armavîr

Artashar

Erdes¸er

Artashat

Artas¸at

Ashtarak

As¸tarak / Es¸terek / Hes¸terek

Aygesha

Aygês¸at

Azat [river]

çemê Azadê

Baysiz

Baysiz

Beyuk Vedi

Vêdî

Byurakan

Byûrekan

Chobanmaz

Çobanmez, Çobangermez

Ejmiatsin / Yejmiadzin

Êçmîadzîn / Dêr

Gumri

Gumrî

Gyalto

Gyelto

Hoktemberyan / Sardarpat

Hoktêmbêryan / Serdarabad

Hrazdan [river]

çemê Hirazdanê

Kanaker

Kanakêr

Karakilisa

Qerekilîse

Kasach [river]

çemê Kasaxê

Kichik Vedi

Kûçûk Vêdî

Korbulag

Korbilax

Masis

Masîs

Norashen

Noras¸

Pamb-Kurdchiy

Pampa Kurdan, Pamp

Sardarpat / Hoktemberyan

Hoktêmbêryan / Serdarabad

Sevana Lich [Sevan lake]

gola Sêvanê

Shaumyan

S¸ahûmyan

Sorik

Sorik

Sovetakan

Sovêtakan / Qulîbeglû

Talin

Talîn

Tlik

Tilik

Vedi [river]

çemê Vêdiyê

Verin Bazmaberd

Excexala Jorîn / Vêrîn Bazmabêrd

Yeheknut

Yêxêgnût / Qamis¸lû

Yejmiadzin / Ejmiatsin

Êçmîadzîn / Dêr

Yerashaun

Yêrazxavûn / Quruerez

Zengezur [range]

Zengezûr


Kurduak Georgian

Georgian 34.000 Kurdu bizi dira Tbilisi hiriburuan, non auzo kurdu bat ere badagoen, eta beste 8.000 Telavi hirian.

Kurdish in Georgia

In Georgia there are about 34 000 Kurds in the capital Tbilisi, where there is a Kurdish quarter, and 8 000 in Telavi.

* Errusieraz / * Russian

* Georgieraz

* Kurdueraz

* Gruzija [Georgia]

* Sak'art'velo

* Gurcistan

Batumi

Bat'umi

Batûmî

Tbilisi

T'bilisi

Tbîlîsî

Telavi

T'elavi

Telavî


Kurduak Turkmenistanen

Kopet Dag mendietan, Turkmenistan eta Iran artean, zenbait herri kurdu daude. Horietariko batzuk mugaren Turkmenistanen aldean daude, Axkhabad hiriburutik gertu.

Kurdish in Turkmenistan

There are several Kurdish villages in the border area of Turkmenistan and Iran, in the Kopet Dag mountains. In the Turkmenistan side, they are near the capital Ashkhabad.

* Turkmeneraz

* Errusieraz / * Russian

* Kurdueraz

* Türkmenistan

* Turkmenistan

* Tirkmenistan / Turkmenistan

A¢gabat

As<habad

As¸xebad / Es¸qabad

Çuli

Çûlî

Germap

Germav

Köpetdag

Kopet-Dag

Kopetdax

Pöwrize

Firjuza

Firyûza

Eguneratua / Updated: 1998.10.01
Loturak / Links: http://www.cogsci.ed.ac.uk/~siamakr/kurd_lal.html
Laguntzaile / Informer: Mikael Frölund (euskaraz idatziozu: ikasten ari da!)


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