Laz / Mingrelian


Laz

The Colchis or Colchida region is called Kolkheti in Laz/Mingrelian, the native language. This is the coastal eastern border of the Black Sea, in present day Turkey and Georgia. Laz/Mingrelian is a South Caucasian or Kartvelian language with two varieties, Laz and Mingrelian, close to Georgian. The majority of Laz people are living in Turkey, but Laz has no official status in Turkey. 1.5 million Laz live in Turkey and approximately 250,000 speak Laz (others give much lower figures). The term Lazistan is also used for the region of the Laz in Turkey, but that region does not cover all the Laz territory. In adition Lazistan is a forbidden term in Turkey, where Dogu Karadeniz is used to name Colchis. Mingrelia is in Georgia , but Mingrelian has no official status there. There may be 1,2 million Mingrelians in Georgia, 500.000 speakers of the language. So far, we have a list for Laz in Turkey. The language is natively called Lazuri (Laz) or Margaluri (Mingrelian).

See also, the pages about the Caucasus and Georgia.

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Lazuri

Kolkida erregioari Kolkheti esaten zaio hango jatorrizko hizkuntzan Laz-Mingrelieraz. Itsaso Beltzeko ekialdeko kostalde ingurua da Kolkheti, eta egun Georgiaren eta Turkairen artean banatzen da. Hizkuntza Hego Kaukasiar taldekoa da (Kartveliarra), Georgieraren ahaide hurbila. Laz herria Turkian bizi da, baina ez dute inongo ezagupenik. 1,5 milioi lagun izan daitezke, baina hiztunak 250.000 goitik jota (ezin jakin). Turkiako Lazen eskualdeari Lazistan ere esaten zaio (baina egiazki eskualde horrek ez du Lazen lurralde osoa hartzen). Mingreliera edo Margaluri hizkuntza Georgian mintzatzen da, han ere babesik gabe. 1,2 mingreliar izan daitezke, baina hiztunak miloi erdi edo. Oraingoz Turkiako Laz hizkuntzarako (Lazuri, jatorrizko forman) taula bat dugu hemen.

Ikus, halaber, Kaukasoko eta Georgiako orriak.


Turkieraz

Laz

Arhavi

Arkabi

Chayeli ?

Mepeuri

Dogu Karadeniz [eskualdea / region]

Kolkheti

Findikli

Vitse

Hopa

Hope

Pazar

Atina

Rize

Rizini

Surmene

Sourmene

Trabzon

Tirebizan



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Georgia eta inguruak: Mingrelia da Georgiako mendebaldea, Lazistan haren hego-mendebaldera geratzen den Turkiako pusketa.
Georgia and surroundings. Mingrelia is the western part of the country. Lazistan lies in Turkey, just southwest of Georgia.

Aurreko mapa bera, baina Georgieraz idatzia, Laz-Mingrelieraren hurbileko hizkuntzan
The same map as above, but in the Georgian script and language (close to Laz/Mingrelian)


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