Minorities in Latvia
Livonian / Polish

Letoniako gutxiengoak: Livoniarrak / Poloniarrak

 

Livonian and Polish minorities in this page. Check the notes below regarding spellings. See also other tables from the former Soviet Union, especially that for Uralic nations like the Livonians.
 

Orrialde honetan, Letoniako Livoniar and Poloniar gutxiengoak. Ikus beherago idazkerari buruzko oharrak. Ikus, halaber, hemen Sobiet Batasuna zeneko beste taula batzuetarako. Livoniarrak bezalako beste gutxiengo Uraliko batzuk ere bilduak ditugu.


Livonian

Livonia comprises some coastal areas of Estonia and Latvia, where the Live people lived and spoke Livonkel or Livonian. This is a Finno-Ugric language close to Estonian. Today, only about 50 speakers remain in some coastal towns of Latvia, in the northern part of Curlandia. The newly independent Latvian government has stablished a region called Livõd Randa to help cultural revival.

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Livonkel

Livoniak, berez, Estoniako eta Letoniako kostalde zati batzuk hartzen ditu. Live herria bizi zen hor, Livoniera edo Livonkel mintzaira fino-ugriarreko herria. Gaur egun, 50 bat hiztun besterik ez dira geratzen, taula aipaturiko herrixka horietan, Letoniako Kurlandia eskualdeko iparraldean. Letoniako gobernu independente berriak Livõd Randa izeneko eskualde bat sortu du inguru horretan, kultur suspertzea eragin asmoz edo.


* Letoniera / * Latvian

* Livoniera

Dundaga

Duonig

Jaunciems

Ûzkila

Kolka

Kuolka

Kosrags

Kostrõg / Kuostrõg

Lielirbe

Îra

zna

z

Mazirbe

Îre / Irai / Irê

Melnsils

Mustanumm

Mikeltornis

Piza

Pitrags

Pitrõg

Saunags

Sänag

Sîkrags

Sîkrõg

Vaide

Vaid

Ventspils

Vänta



Poles

Poles are 2.6% of Latvia's population of 2.5 million people. They are concentrated mainly in the south east region of Latgale, which retains a strong Polish cultural and linguistic influence. Latgale is adjacent to areas of Lithuania and Belarus that are also home to Polish minorities.

Poloniarrak

Poloniarrak Letoniako biztanlegoaren (2.5 milioi lagun) %2,6 dira. Hego-ekialdeko Latgale eskualdean bizi dira batik bat, non poloniar eragin kulturala handia den oraindik. Bielorrusia eta Lituanian diren gutxiengo poloniarren eskualdeekin muga egiten du Latgale eskualdeak.


* Latvian / Letonieraz

* Polish / Polonieraz

Cêsis

Kies

Daugavpils

Dyneburg

Latgale

Inflanty / Latgalia

Latvija

Lotwa

Liepâja

Lipawa

Piltene

Piltyn

Rêzekne

Rzezyca

Riga

Ryga

Ventspils

Windawa

Zemgale

Semigalia



Regarding spellings, we use some conventions for these languages [Check the glossary of diacritics that will open in another page]:

  • Polish: L with Slash [as L with stroke]; N S & C with Acute; Z with Dot Above; E & A with ogonek [as underlined N S C Z E & A].
  • Latvian: Vowels with Macron [as Vowels with Circumflex î, û...], S and Z with Caron, and L, N and K with Comma Below [as underlined S Z L N & K].
  • Livonian: Vowels with Macron [as Vowels with Circumflex î, û...], A with Macron and Diaeresis [as underlined Ä], S and Z with Caron, and N with Comma Below [as underlined S Z & N].

Idazkerari dagokionez, honako egokitzapen hauekk egin ditugu orri honetarako [ikus beeste leiho batean irekiko zaizun diakritikoen hiztegitxoa]:

  • Letonieraz: Bokalak + Macron [hemen Zirkunflexuarekin: î, û...], S & Z + Caron, eta L, N & K + Comma Below [hemen azpimarratutako S Z L N & K].
  • Livonieraz: Bokalak + Macron [hemen Zirkunflexuarekin: î, û...], A + Macron + Diaeresis [azpimarratutako Ä], S & Z + Caron, eta N + Comma Below [azpimarratutako S Z & N].
  • Polonieraz: L + Slash [hemen L marraz gurutzatua]; N S & C + Acute; Z + Dot Above; E & A + Ogonek [hemen azpimarratutako N S C Z E & A].


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