Magyar Kisebségek
Hungarian minorities

Gutxiengo hungariarrak

 


Jelentös számú magyar kisebbség él a Magyarországgal szomszédos országokban: Erdélyben, a Bánságban, a Vajdaságban, Felvidéken, Horvátországban, Szlovéniában, Kárpátalján és Ausztriában.


Hungarian

There are important hungarian minorities living outside Hungary, in this regions:
  • Transylvania (Romania) - other page
  • the Banat (divided between Romania and Yugoslavia). See Transylvania and Vojvodina.
  • Slovakia - below
  • Vojvodina or Western Banat (Serbia, Yugoslavia) - below
  • Slovenia (in Murska Sobota / Muraszombat district) - below
  • Ukraine (Ruthenia region) -below
  • Austria (Burgenland region) - below
  • Croatia - below

In these areas there are another language-minorities as well: German, Ruthenian... There are also language minorities within Hungary: German, Slovenian, Slovak, Croat, Romanian... Regarding spellings, see the notes below.

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Magyar

Hungariar gutxiengo inportanteak bizi dira Hungariatik kanpo. Honako eskualde hauetan:
  • Transilvania (Errumania) - beste orri batean
  • Banatoa (Errumania eta Jugoslaviaren artean zatitua). Ikus Transilvania eta Voivodina.
  • Eslovakia - behean
  • Voivodina edo Mendebaldeko Banatoa (Serbia, Jugoslavia) - behean
  • Eslovenia (Murska Sobota / Muraszombat eskualdea) - behean
  • Ukraina (Rutenia eskualdea) - beste orri batean
  • Austria (Burgenland eskualdea) - behean
  • Kroazia - below

Eskualde hauetan beste hizkuntza gutxitu batzuk ere badaude: alemana, erruteniera... Bestetik, Hungaria barruan ere badira hizkuntz gutxiengoak: alemanak, esloveniarrak, eslovakiarrak, kroaziarrak, errumaniarrak... Ortografiari dagokionez, ikus beheko oharrak.



Hungarian in Slovakia

Hungarian name for Slovakia: Felvidék. Population: 5,200,000. % of Hungarians: more than 10% of the total population, but more than 50% in the provinces next to the Hungarian border; 5% to 50% in some others (especially in the centre and in the east). Regarding spellings, see the notes below.

Hungariera Eslovakian

Hungarieraz Felvidék da Eslovakia. Biztanleak: 5,2 m. Hungariarrak % 10 inguru dira, baina %50 baino gehiago mugaldeko probintzietan. Beste batzuetan %5etik 50era, bereziki erdialde eta ekialdean. Ortografiari dagokionez, ikus beheko oharrak.

Slovak

Hungarian

Banská Bystrica

Besztercebánya

Bratislava

Pozsony

Dunajská Streda

Dunaszerdahely

Fil'akovo

Fülek

Humenné

Homonna

Jarovce

Horvátjárfalu

Kosice

Kassa

Levice

Léva

Lucenec

Losonc

Martin

Zsitvaszentmárton

Mihalovce

Nagymihály

Nitra

Nyitra

Nová Zámky

Érsekújvár

Poprad

Poprád

Presov

Epérjes

Rimavská Sobota

Rimaszombat

Roznava

Rozsnyó

Samorin

Somorja

Spisská Nová Ves

Igló

Stúrovo

Párkány

Topol'cany

Nagytapolcsány

Trencín

Trencsén

Trnava

Nagyszombat

Zilina

Zsolna

Zvolen

Zólyom



Vojvodina

The Hungarians of Yugoslavia live in a region called by two names: Vojvodina or Western Banat: (Hungarian: Vajdaság / Bánság). There, there are 2 million inhabitants, and Hungarians were, 339,491 in 1991, 16.9 % of the pop. After the 1st world war, the Banat was cut in half. Serbia received the western part (which is now part of Vojvodina), and Romania received the eastern part (which is now part of Transylvania). Regarding spellings, see the notes below.

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Vajdaság

Hungarieraz Vajdaság edo Bánság deritzo Jugoslavian hungariarrak bizi diren eskualdeari, Vojvodina edo Mendebaldeko Banatoari alegia. Han 2 milioi biztanle dira, eta hungariarrak 339.491 ziren 1991n, populazioaren %16.9 %. I. Mundu Gerraren ondoren, Banatoa (hungariarrek populatutako eskualde bat) zatitu egin zen Serbiaren eta Errumaniaren artean. Mendebaldeko partea da Voivodina, egungo Serbian (Jugoslavia), ekialdekoa Errumanian dago, Transilvaniarekin batera. Ortografiari dagokionez, ikus beheko oharrak.

Serbian

Hungarian

* Vojvodina

* Vajdaság

Ada

Ada

Apatin

Apatin

Bac

Bács

Backa Palanka

Bácskapalánka / Németpalánka

Backa Topola

Bácstopolya

Backi Breg

Béreg

Backi Monostor

Monostorszeg

Backo Gradiste

Bácsföldvár

Backo Petrovo Selo

Péterréve

Bajmok

Bajmok

Banatsko Arandelovo

Oroszlámos

Becej

Óbecse / Becse

Bela Crkva

Fehértemplom

Budisava

Tiszakálmánfalva

Centa

Csenta

Deronje

Dernye / Déronya

Doroslovo

Doroszló

Feketic

Bácsfeketehegy / Feketics

Jasenovo

Karasjeszenõ

Kikinda

Nagykikinda

Kula

Kula

Mol

Mohol

Muzlja

Felsõmuzslya

Nakovo

Nákófalva

Novi Sad

Újvidék

Odzaci

Hódság

Pacir

Pácsér

Pancevo

Pancsova

Senta

Zenta

Smederevo

Szendrõ

Sombor

Zombor

Srbobran

Szenttamás

Srpska Crnja

Csernye

Srpski Miletic

Militics / Nemesmilitics / Ráczmilitics

Stanisic

Örszállás

Stara Moravica

Ómoravica / Bácskossuthfalva

Subotica

Szabadka

Temerin

Temerin

Uljma

Homoszkil

Vracev Gaj

Varászliget

Vrbas

Verbász

Vrsac

Versec

Zemun

Zimony

Zrenjanin

Nagybecskerek



Hungarian in Slovenia

There is a Hungarian minority in Slovenia, in the region Prekmurje (district of Murska Sobota / Muraszombat). In 1991 there were in Slovenia 8,499 hungarians, of them in Prekmurje 7,636 or 8.5 % of the area. There is also a Slovene minority in Hungary. Regarding spellings, see the notes below.

Hungariera Eslovenian

Gutxiengo hungariarra dago Eslovenian, Prekmurje eskualdean (Murska Sobota edo Muraszombat distrituan). 1991n Eslovenian a 8,499 hungariar zeuden, horietarik gehienak Prekmurjen, non biztanlegoaren %8.5 ziren. Hungarian ere bada gutxiengo esloveniarra. Ortografiari dagokionez, ikus beheko oharrak.

Slovene

Hungarian

* Prekmurje

* Muraköz

Banuta

Bánuta

Berkovci

Berkeháza

Centiba

Csente

Cicecka vas

Csekefa

Dobrovnik

Dobronak

Dolga vas

Hosszúfalu

Dolnji Lakos

Alsólakos

Domanjsevci

Domonkosfa / Domankosfa

Genterovci

Gõntérháza

Hodos

Hódos

Kamovci

Kámaháza

Krplivnik

Kapornak

Lendava

Lendva

Lendavske gorice

Lendvahegy

Mostje

Hidvég

Motvarjevci

Szentlászló

Petisovci

Petesháza

Prosenjakovci

Pártosfalva

Radmozanci

Radamos

Sredisce

Szerdahely


Hungarian in Ukraine

166,000 Hungarians, all in Ruthenia (Hungarian: Kárpát-Ukrajna), the westernmost province, which has a total population of 1,300,000. There is another native language in this area: Rusyn or Ruthenian. Regarding spellings, see the notes below. Check also for more info on other minorities from the former Soviet Union.

Hungariera Ukrainan

166.000 hungariar bizi dira, denak Rutenia eskualdean (hungarieraz: Kárpát-Ukrajna), non 1.3 m biztanle bizi diren. Rutenian bada berezko beste hizkuntza bat, Rusyn delakoa. Ortografiari dagokionez, ikus beheko oharrak. Ikus, era berean Sobiet Batasuneko beste gutxiengo batzuen orriak.

Russian

Ukrainian

Hungarian

??

Ardiv

Beregardó

Beregovo

Berehove

Beregszász

Belka

Bilka

Bilke

Cop

Cop

Csap

Cinadijevo

Cynadijeve

Szentmiklós

??

Didove

Beregdáda

??

Harazdivka

Gút

Hust

Xust

Huszt

Irsava

Irsava

Ilosva

??

Latorycja

Latorca [ibaia / river]

Mezgore

Mizhirja

Ökörmezö

Mukacevo

Mukaceve

Munkács

Perecin

Perecyn

Perecseny

Poljana

Poljana

Polena

Poroskovo

Poroskove

Poroskó

Rahov

Rahiv

Rahó

??

Rakosyn

Beregrákos

Russkoe Pole

Rus'ke Pole

Úrmezõ

Solotvina

Solotvyna

Aknaszlatina

Svaljava

Svaljava

Szolyva

Teresva

Teresva

Taracköz

Tjacev

Tjaciv

Técsõ

Uz

Uz

Ung [ibaia / river]

Uzgorod

Uzhorod

Ungvár

Velikij Bereznyj

Velykyj Bereznyj

Berezna

Vinogradov

Vynohradiv

Nagyszõlõs

??

Vyskove

Visk



Hungarian in Austria

The hungarians of Austria live in Burgenland region, where there is also a croat minority. This regions goes along the Hungarian border. The most popular Hungarian name for Burgenland, the easternmost and also youngest province of Austria, used by the Hungarians of that region is Õrvidék (`border-guard region'). In the 1991 census, there were 270.880 people in Burgenland, and Hungarians were 6,763 (2.8%). Croats were 19,460 (8.1 %). Regarding spellings, see the notes below.

Hungariera Austrian

Burgenland eskualdean bizi dira hungariarrak Austrian, Hungariako muga aldean. Inguru berean gutxiengo kroaziarra ere badago. 1991ko erroldan, 270.880 lagun bizi ziren han, eta hungariarrak 6,763 ziren (%2.8). Kroaziarrak, berriz, 19,460 (% 8.1). Hungariarrek Õrvidék esaten diote eskualdeari. Ortografiari dagokionez, ikus beheko oharrak.

 


German

Hungarian

Andau

Mosontarcsa

Apetlon

Mosonbánfalva

Bad Tatzmannsdorf

Tarcsafürdõ

Bernstein

Borostyánkõ

Bruckneudorf

Királyhida

Deutschkreutz

Sopronkeresztúr

Drassburg

Darufalva

Eberau

Monyorókerék

Eisenstadt

Kismarton

Frauenkirchen

Boldogasszony

Frochtenstein

Fraknó

Grosspetersdorf

Nagyszentmihály

Güssing

Németújvár

Halbturm

Féltorony

Heiligenkreuz im Lafnitztal

Rábakeresztúr

Jennersdorf

Gyanafalva

Kittsee

Köpcsény

Kobersdorf

Kabold

Kohfidisch

Gyepûfüzes

Landsee

Lánzsér

Lockenhaus

Léka

Lutzmannsburg

Locsmánd

Mattersburg

Nagymarton

Mogersdorf

Nagyfalva

Mönchhof

Barátudvar

Mörbisch am See

Fertõmeggyes

Moschendorf

Nagysároslak

Neusiedl am See

Nezsider

Nickelsdorf

Miklóshalma

Oberpullendorf

Felsõpulya

Oberwart

Felsõõr

Pamhagen

Pomogy

Pinkafeld

Pinkafõ

Podersdorf

Pátfalu

Raiding

Doborján

Rechnitz

Rohonc

Rotenturm an der Pinka

Vasvörösvár

Rust

Ruszt

Schachendorf

Csajta

Sieggraben

Szikra

Siget in der Wart

Õrisziget

Stadt-Schlaining

Városszalónak

Stegersbach

Szentelek

Stoob

Csáva

Tadten

Mosontétény

Trausdorf an der Wulka

Darázsfalu

Unterwart

Alsóõr

Wart [eskualdea / region]

Õrség / Felsõ-Õrség



Hungarian in Croatia

In 1991, there were 22,000 Hungarians in Croatia, most in eastern Slavonia, precisely in areas where war with Serbs erupted, so this community suffered greatly with the conflict. The most Hungarian region was Baranja, between the Danube and Drava rivers, where they were 16.5% of the population in 1991. In present day Croatia, Hungarians are one of the recognised minorities with a seat reserved in Parliament. There are several schools giving classes in Hungarian, in Osijek, Baranja and other areas. Regarding spellings, see the notes below.

Hungariera Kroazian

1991n, 22.000 inguru Hungariar bizi ziren Kroazian, gehienak ekialdeko Eslavonian, hain zuzen Serbiarrekin izandako gerrak gogorren jotako eskualdean. Ondorioz, komunitate honek asko sufritu zuen gatazka horrekin. Eskualderik hungariarrena Baranja da, Danubio eta Drava ibaien artean, non %16.5 ziren 1991n. Gaurko Kroazian gutxiengo ezagutua dira Hungariarrak, eta parlamentuan gordea dute toki bat berentzat. Eskoletan ere irakasten da Hungariera, Osijek, Baranja eta beste toki batzuetan. Ortografiari dagokionez, ikus beheko oharrak.

Croatian

Hungarian

Baranja (region)

Baranya

Batina

Kiskõszeg

Beli Manastir

Pélmonostor

Bilke

Bellye

Dalj

Dálya

Darda

Dárda

Daruvar

Daruvár

Ilok

Újlak

Knezevi Vinogradi

Hercegszõlõs

Kopaci

Kopács

Koprivnica

Kapronca

Korog

Kórógy

Korog

Kórógy

Kotlina

Sepse

Laslovo

Szentlászló

Lug

Laskó

Mece

Mece

Novi Bezdan

Újbezdán

Opatovac

Apáti

Osijek

Eszék

Poacevo

Kopács

Slavonija (region)

Szlavónia

Srem (region)

Szerémség

Stari Jankovci

Ójankovác

Suza

Csúza

Vardarac

Várdaróc

Vukovar

Vukovár

Vukovar-Vucedol

Vukovár-Vucsedol

Zmajevac

Vörösmart


Regarding spellings, we use some conventions as shown in this table below. Check the Glossary of Diacritics to identify distinct accent signs.

Idazkerari dagokionez, beheko taulako egokitzapenak egin ditugu orri honetarako. Ikus zeinu Diakritikoen hiztegia azento bakoitzaren izen ingelesak zer adierazten duen jakiteko.

hizkuntzak / languages

gure tauletan / in our tables

jatorrian / originally

Hungarian

U + circumflex (Û) / O + tilde (õ)

U & O + Double Acute

Slovak

N S C R Z U Y

N S C R & Z with Caron; U with Ring above

Slovenian / Croat / Serbian

S C Z / C

S C & Z with Caron; C with Acute


Names from Ukraine appear transliterated from their ciryllic scripts here, following international standards, with some additional conventions used in GeoNative, as it is shown below:

Ukraineako izenak alfabeto zirilikortik transliteratuak ageri dira hemen, nazioarteko estandarren arabera (GeoNativerako hartutako konbentzio batzuekin), jarraian ageri den bezala:



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
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Hungariar herrien mapa historikoak
Historic maps of Hungarian populations

Vojvodinako mapak
Maps of Vojvodina


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