Micmac
Mi'kmaq

Check the Native American sub-index.

Ikus Ameriketako hizkuntzen azpi-aurkibidea


Micmac

There are around 6.000 speakers of Micmac in Canada, in the Gaspé peninsula of Quebec, in coastal areas of New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia, and also in Newfoundland Island. Their own ethnic name is Mi'kmaq. Micmac is an Algonquian language-

We have 3 lists, one for Quebec, N. Brunswick, N. Scotia and P.Edward island, which is not of reliable ortography . The lists for Newfoundland and St. Pierre & Miquelon are correctly spelled. Correct Micmac is written using one special, a slash i, character that equals a long [i], written here as [ i ].

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Mi'kmaq

Mikmak herria Kanadako eki-hegoaldean bizi da, eta 6.000 hiztun inguru daude. Quebecen 770 hiztun daude, gehienak Gaspé penintsulan, eta gainerakoak bizi dira New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island eta Nova Scotia probintzietako itsasaldean, eta Ternua uhartean. Beren hizkuntzan (familia algonkiarrekoa) beren izena Mi'kmaq idazten da.

Hiru taula ditugu guk hemen; lehena Quebec, N. Brunswick, N. Scotia eta Prince Edward Island-erako, zalantzazko ortografiekin. Aldiz Ternua eta St. Pierre & Miquelon-erako ditugunak zuzen idatzita daude. Mikmak zuzenza zeinu berezi bat erabiltzen da, [i] luze bat adierazteko, hemen marraz gurutzatua ageri dena: [ i ].



Micmac and Basques

There are documented contacts between Basques and indians of this area (Abnakis and Micmac) around 1600. It is possible that they used a Basque-Indian pidgin (check it in another page) to trade, and there are traces of Basque words in a documented Micmac-pidgin. There are also remnants of Basque presence in Newfoundland, as in Port-aux-Basques, and in St. Pierre and Miquelon (see below).

Mikmakak eta Euskaldunak

Bada Mikmak lurraldeetan "Escuminac" deritzon herri bat: etimologia indiarra ote, edo euskalduna akaso? Izan ere, 1600. urtearen inguruan euskaldunen eta indiar hauen artean (Mikmak, Abenaki) kontaktuak izan zirela dokumentatua dago, eta litekeena da haien artean pidgin euskal-indiar bat erabiltzea. Micmac-en hizkeran ba omen daude euskarazko aztarnak... Bestetik, Port-aux-Basques Ternuakoa ere Micmac lurraldeetan dago. St. Pierre eta Miquelon uharteetan ere bada euskaldunen oroitzapenik.


Québec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island

Mapetan / Map name

Mi'kmaq

Andrews Brook

Kegulukojooitk

Bedeque

Eptek

Cape Breton Island

Unama'ki

Cardigan

Samkook

Cascapédiac

Gesgapegiag

Cascumpec

Kaskamkek

Chepabucto Bay

Sedabooktook

Cornwallis River

Chijikwtook

East Point [lurmuturra / cape]

Kespemenegk

Gaspé / Gaspésie [peninsula]

Kespek

Halifax Harbor

Kepek

Kensington

Gategageneg

Malpeque

Makpaak

Maria

Gesgapegiag

Montague

Oaipogtog

Nepisiguit River

Ninpegij'ooik

North Cape

Setunook / Sipiaosgigeneg

Oronocto River

Welamoog'took

Patapediac

Patapegiag

Pictou

Pigtogeoag

Port Hill

Mogulawijik

Prince Edward Island

Epekwitk

Restigouche

Listuguj

Souris

Sgoltjoegatig

St. Peter's Bay

Oegopeg

Tignish

Mtagunich

Wood Islands

Menesg



Ternua uhartea / Newfoundland Island

Mapetan / Map Name

Mi'kmaq

Annieopsquotch Mountains

Aniapskwoj

Barachois

Kutapsku'j

Basque Brook

Paskwe'wa'kik

Bay d' Espoir

Lapite'spe'

Bay Du Nord

Oqwatinipukwek

Bay of Islands

Elmastukwek

Bishops Falls

Kjipa'tilia'sewey Qapskuk

Brazil Lake

Pa'si'lek

Burgeo

Najioqonuk

Cape La Hune

Saqskiitek

Crooked Lake

Paqju'pe'k

Deer Lake

Qalipue'katik

Ebbegunbaeg Lake

Epikin'pe'k

English Harbour

Akilasie'we'katik

Exploits River

Sple'tk

Friar

Kukumijinaweynu

Gander Lake

Akilasiye'wa'kik Qospem

Gander River

Akilasiye'wa'kik

Grand Falls

Qapskuk

Grand Lake

Wli Qospem

Grey River

Nqanaqanik

Hospital Mill

Ksinukwaqano'kuomk

Humber River

Maqtukwek

Ile Riche

Sa'pie'lek

Indian Point

Ilnue'kwisawey

Island Pond

Minikupe'k

Kaegudeck Lake

Ke'kutek

La Poile

Lapwelk

Long Range Mountains

Mekapisk

Meddonegannix Lake

Metoqonikanek

Meelpaeg

Milpe'k

Miguel Hill

Mikel Pim'tiin

Miguel's Brook

Jo'mikelji'jk

Miguel's Brook

Jo'mikelek

Milltown

Mulink

Morrisville

Mulisek

Mount Sylvester

Prnaqtiin

Newfoundland

Ktaqamk

Newfoundland, in Newfoundland

Ktaqamkuk

Newfoundland, Red Indian Land

Mekwejite'wa'kik

Placentia

Pliisantek

Port-aux-Basques

Sinalk

Pudops Lake

Putops

Pushthrough

Piskwa'taqan'ji'j

Quillier

Amasipukwek

Red Indian Lake

Mekwe'jite'wa'kik

St. George S Bay

Nujio'qoniik

St. George's

Nujio'qon

St. George's River

Nujio'qoniik

St. Joseph's Cove

Katalisk Sipu

Terra Nova Lake

Pekwatapaq

Trout Brook

Kun'tewi'ji'jk

Trout River

Atoqwa'sue'katik

Twin Lakes

Wipetikil

United States

Pastunkeywa'kik

Victoria Lake Falls

Qapskuk



Saint-Pierre & Miquelon

These two islands are french territory, one of those overseas colonial possesions of France. There were part of the Mi'kmaq range, but now they are inhabited by 6,000 french-speaking people. Most of them are descendants from Basque and Breton migrants.

Saint-Pierre eta Miquelon

Bi uharte hauek kolonia frantziarra dira, itsasoaz gaindiko DOM-TOM lurralde horietako bat. Aspaldi Mikmak herriaren lur eta uren barnean zeuden, baina orain 6.000 "frantses" bizi da han. Horien arbaso gehienak, ordea, ez ziren frantsesak, baizik eta euskaldunak eta bretoiak.

Frantsesez

Mi'kmaq

Miquelon

Miklin

St. Pierre [uhartea / island]

Senpir

St. Pierre [herria / town]

Wen'juikjikan

Eguneratua / Updated: 1998.09.01
 

 


Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Micmac herriaren lurrak
Micmac lands

Mikmak lurrak Ternuan
Micmac range in Newfoundland


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