Ruthenian, Polish, Ukrainian...

Rusyn in Poland, Slovakia and Ukraine / Polish in Ukraine / Ukrainian in Poland and Slovakia

 

In this page, placenames and information from these minorities: Rusyn-Ruthenian in Slovakia, Ukraine and Poland (Lemko); Ukrainian in Poland and Slovakia; and Polish in Ukraine.
 
 

Orri honetan, honako gutxiengo europarrak ditugu zerrendatuak: Rusyn-Erruteniera Eslovakian, Ukrainan eta Polonian (Lemko herria); Ukrainera Polonian eta Eslovakian; eta Poloniera Ukrainan.


Ruthenian

The Rusyn or Ruthenians are divided in two areas: The Carpatho-Ruthenia and the Rusyn or Rusinski of former Yugoslavia, a group that apparently speaks Slovak. In the case of the Carpathian groups, we have tables for Slovakia, Ukraine and Poland. Close to Ukrainian, and sometimes not considered a distinct language, Rusyn is written with the cyrillic script. The spellings we display here are doubtful.

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Rusyn

Rusyn, Ruteniar edo Rusyndarrak bi eskualdetan bizi diraz: Karpato-Rutenian eta Jugoslavia ohian, non Rusyndarrak eslovakieraz mintzo diren. Lehen taldearen kasuan taulak ditugu Eslovakian, Ukrainan eta Polonian bizi diren Rusyndarrentzako. Ukrainieratik gertu dago hizkuntza hau, eta batzuentzat dialektoa besterik ez da. Zirilikoz idazten da, baina gure horrietako transliterazioak ez dira oso fidatzekoak.


Lemko (Rusyn) in Poland

The Lemko people are the Ruthenian sub-group originary of southeastern Poland. Their population of 178,000 was dispersed after World War II. Now there are some 60,000 Lemkos in Poland, 10,000 living in thier ancestral land. Spellings in this table listing Lemko village are not checked.

Poloniako Lemkotarrak

Lemko herri Erruteniarren azpi-talde bat dira, Poloniako hego-ekialdekoa jatorriz. 178.000 ziren II. Mundu Gerra bukatu zenean, baina orduan indarrez sakabanatu zituzten. Orain 60.000 bat Lemko bizi dira Polonian, horietarik 10.000 inguru beren jatorrizko lurraldean. Zerrendakoak herrixka Lemkotarrak dira.


Polonieraz

Rusyn

Balnica

Balnycja

Beniowa

Ben'ova

Berezki

Berezhky

Brzegi Gorne / Berehy Gorne

Berehy Horishni

Buk

Buk

Carynskie

Carynske

Dwernik

Dvernyk

Gorzanka

Gorjanka

Jurowce

Jurivci

Lalin

Jalyn

Majdan

Majdan

Naszicne

Nasichnje

Postolow

Postolova / Postolovo

Potasznia

Potashnja

Procisne

Protisne

Regetow Wyzny

Regetiv Vyzhnij

Ruskie

Ruske

Smerekowiec

Smerekovec

Sokoliki Gorskie

Sokolyky Hirsky

Srogow Dolny

Sorohiv Dolishnij

Srogow Gorny

Sorohiv Horishnij

Tworylne

Tvoryl'ne

Wisl+ok Dolny

Vyslik Nyzhnyj

Wola Piotrowa

Vola Petrova

Zabrodzie

Zabrodja

Zerdenka

Zherdynka



Rusyn in Slovakia

The Carpatho-Ruthenian region covers, the Pressov region in Slovakia. There may be 100.000 members of the Ruthenian ethnic group, but only a third may be speakers.

Rusyndarrak Eslovakian

Karpato-Ruteniak Pressov eskualdeak hartzen du Eslovakian, Inguru horretan100.000 rusyndar daude, baina heren bat edo izango dira hiztunak.


Regarding spellings take in mind that some special characters are displayed as shown in the table below.

Hizkuntza hauek idazteko zenbait zeinu berezi erabiltzen dira; beheko taulari jarraiki adieraziak hemen.


* Slovak]

* Rusyn

Bajerovce

Bajerivci

Banské

Banske

Belejovce

Belejivci

Beloveza

Biloveza

Bodruzal

Bodruzal

Bogliarka

Boglarka

Davidov

Davydiv

Dubová

Dubova

Dúbrava

Dubrova

Falkusovce

Falkusivci

Jakubany

Jakubjany

Jarabina

Orjabyna

Kamienka

Kamjunka

Ol'ka

Ol'ka

Osadné

Telepivci

Osturna

Osturnja

Pcoliné

Pcalyny

Ruské

Rus'kyj

Stakcin

Stasyn

Ubl'a

Vublja

Vysna Radvan

Vysnja Radvan

Zubné

Zubnyj



Rusyn (Hutsul) in Ukraine

The Carpatho Ruthenian region of Ukraine comprises the Transcarpathia and northern Bukovina. The language still lives there, being maybe 200.000 speakers. The Hutsul ethnic group of this region are a sub-group of the Ruthenians.

Rusyn eta Hutsulak Ukrainan

Karpato-Erruteniak hartzen ditu Ukrainaren barruan Transkarpatia deritzon aldea eta Iparraldeko Bukovina delakoa. Hemen 200,000 hiztun izan daitezkeela kalkulatu da. Bertan bizi diren menditarren Hutsul talde etnikoa rusyndarren azpitalde bat dira, bestetik.


Regarding spellings take in mind that some special characters are displayed as shown in the table below.

Hizkuntza hauek idazteko zenbait zeinu berezi erabiltzen dira; beheko taulari jarraiki adieraziak hemen.


Russian

Ukrainian

Rusyn

Baranincy

Baranynci

Baranynci

Brestov

Brestiv

Brestov

Brod

Brid

Brod

Bukovcevo

Bukivceve

Bukovc'ova

Cernogolova

Cornoholova

Cornoholova

Cernyj Potok

Cornyj Potik

Cornyj Potok

Certiz

Certiz

Certez

Cinadievo

Cynadijeve

Cinjad'ovo

Cyganovcy

Cyhanivci

Cyganovci

Dubrinic

Dubrynyc

Dubrynyci

Hudlovo

Xudl'ove

Chudl'ovo



Polish in Ukraine

Before World War II, Poland was geographically located more to the east, occupying lands of what is now Belarus, Lithuania and Ukraine. After borders were redrwan, there were great population movements, but there are still many Poles in the eastern half of Ukraine. There were 1,1 million in the 1979 census.

See the other tables from the former Soviet Union.

Poloniera Ukrainian

II. Mundu Gerra baino lehen, Polonia geogragikoki ekialderago zegoen, egungo Bielorrusia, Lituania eta Ukrainako lurrak hartzen zituelarik. Mugak mendebalderantzt aldatzean, jende mugimenduak ere izan ziren, baina Ukrainako ekialdean poloniar asko geratu dira, gaur egunera arte. 1979ko erroldan, 1,1 milioi ziren Ukrainan.

Sobiet Batasuneko beste herri batzuk hemen.

Regarding spellings take in mind that some special characters are displayed as shown in the table below.

Hizkuntza hauek idazteko zenbait zeinu berezi erabiltzen dira; beheko taulari jarraiki adieraziak hemen.


Russian

Ukrainian

Polish

Belz

Belz

Belz

Bolehov

Bolexiv

Bolechów

Brody

Brody

Brody

Berezany

Berezany

Brzezany

Busk

Bus'k

Busk

Cortkov

Cortkiv

Czortków

Drogobyc

Drohobyc

Drohobycz

Dubno

Dubno

Dubno

Galic

Halyc

Halicz

Gusjatin

Husyatyn

Husiatyn

Kalus

Kalus

Kalusz

Kamenec-Podol'sky

Kam"janec'-Podil's'kyj

Kamieniec

Kolomyja

Kolomyja

Kolomyja

Kovel'

Kovel'

Kowel

Luck

Luc'k

Luck

L'vov

L'viv

Lwów

Novograd-Volyns'kyj

Novograd-Volynskij

Novograd Wolynsk

Rava-Russkaja

Rava-Rus'ka

Rawa

Rivne

Rovno

Rowne

Rozisce

Rozysce

Rozyszcze

Sambor

Sambir

Sambor

Ivano-Frankovsk

Ivano-Frankivs'k

Stanislawów

Stryj

Stryj

Stryj

Ternopol'

Ternopil'

Tarnopol

Volodymyr-Volyns'kyj

Vladimir-Volynskij

Wlodzimierz

Zitomir

Zytomyr

Zytomierz

Zalesciki

Zaliscyky

Zaleszczyki

Zbaraz

Zbaraz

Zbaraz

Zolocov

Zolociv

Zloczóv



Ukrainian in Slovakia

Around 100,000 Ukrainians live in Slovakia. In turn, there are also Slovaks living in Ukraine, in the Transcarpathian region, as this area was even part of Slovakia before World War II.

Ukrainiera Eslovakian

100.000 ukrainiar inguru bizi da Eslovakian. Era berean, Ukrainian ere eslovakiar asko daude. Izan ere, bi herrialdeen arteko muga (muga sobietarra orduan, noski), II. Mundu Gerra baino lehen, ekialderago zegoen.

Regarding spellings take in mind that some special characters are displayed as shown in the table below.

Hizkuntza hauek idazteko zenbait zeinu berezi erabiltzen dira; beheko taulari jarraiki adieraziak hemen.


Slovak

Ukrainian

Bajerovce

Bajerivci

Banské

Bans'ke

Becherov

Bexeriv

Bogliarka

Bohljarka

Cabiny

Cabyny

Davidov

Davydiv

Dubová

Dubova

Dúbrava

Dubrova

Laborec [ibaia / river]

Laborec'

Michalovce

Mixajlivci

Snina

Snyna

Uh [ibaia / river]

Uz



Ukrainian in Poland

Stimations of Ukrainians living in Poland range from 300.000 to 1,5 million. They are concentrated in the southeastern regions of the country. Most of these Ukrainians are Greek or Uniate Catholics, and there have been tensions with the Roman Catholic Polish majority around religious issues.

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Ukrainiera Polonian

Polonian ukrainiar asko bizi da: 300,000tik 1,5 milioira bitarteko kalkuluak eman dira. Hegoekialdeko lurraldeetan daude kokatuak. Erlijioz gehienak uniatoak edo greko-katolikoak dira, eta tentsioak izan dira hori dela eta gehiengo poloniar zeharo katolikoarekin.


Regarding spellings take in mind that some special characters are displayed as shown in the table below.

Hizkuntza hauek idazteko zenbait zeinu berezi erabiltzen dira; beheko taulari jarraiki adieraziak hemen.


Polish

Ukrainian

Brzozów

Bzoziv

Chelm

Xelm

Cieszanów

Cesaniv

Dynów

Dyniv

Hrubieszów

Hrubesiv

Jaroslaw

Jaroslav

Krasnystaw

Krasnystav

Krasnik

Krasnyk

Krosno

Krosno

Lancut

Lan'cut

Leczna

Lenchna

Lesko

Les'ko

Lezajsk

Lezajs'k

Lubaczów

Ljubaciv

Lublin

Ljublin

Nisko

Nys'ko

Przemysl

Pzhemysl'

Przeworsk

Pzevors'k

Rudnik

Rudnyk

Rzeszów

Zesiv

Sandomierz

Sandomyr

Sanok

Sanok

Tanew [ibaia / river]

Taniv

Tarnobrzeg

Tarnobzeh

Tomaszów Lubelski

Tomasiv-Ljubels'kyj

Ustrzyki Dolne

Ustryky-Dolisni

Wieprz [ibaia / river]

Verz

Wisla [ibaia / river]

Visla

Zamosc

Zamostja



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Rusyndarren eremua Karpato inguruetan
Rusyn areas of the Carpathian region


Regarding spellings, we use some conventions for these languages [Check the glossary of diacritics that will open in another page]:

  • Polish: L with Slash [as L with stroke]; N S & C with Acute; Z with Dot Above; E & A with ogonek [as underlined N S C Z E & A].
  • Slovak: N S C R & Z with Caron; U with Ring above; Y with Acute [as underlined N S C R Z U & Y].

Names in Russian and Ukrainian appear transliterated from their ciryllic scripts here, following international standards, with some additional conventions used in GeoNative, as it is shown below:

Idazkerari dagokionez, honako egokitzapen hauekk egin ditugu orri honetarako [ikus beeste leiho batean irekiko zaizun diakritikoen hiztegitxoa]:

  • Polonieraz: L + Slash [hemen L marraz gurutzatua]; N S & C + Acute; Z + Dot Above; E & A + Ogonek [hemen azpimarratutako N S C Z E & A].
  • Eslovakieraz: N S C R & Z + Caron; U + Ring above; Y + Acute [hemen azpimarratutako N S C R Z U & Y].
Errusierazko eta ukrainierazko izenak alfabeto zirilikortik transliteratuak ageri dira hemen, nazioarteko estandarren arabera (GeoNativerako hartutako konbentzio batzuekin), jarraian ageri den bezala:



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