Sámi

Bures boahtin GeoNative web-siidduide! / Sámi báikenamat

Ongi etorri GeoNative webgunera! / Samierazko toponimoak

Welcome to the GeoNative website! / Sami placenames

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Báikenamahusat davvisámegilili

 


Samiei buruz zera aurkituko duzu GeoNativen: Sarrera - Sami hizkuntzak eta hiztunak - Karaktere bereziak Samieraz - Norvegia (beste orri batean) - Finlandira - Suedia - Errusia - Mapa - Loturak - beste hizkuntza fino-ugriar batzuk (beste orri batean).
 

Contents about the Sámi: Introduction - Sami languages and speakers - Special sami characters - Norway (in another page) - Finland - Sweden - Russia - Maps Sami links - other Finno-Ugric languages (in another page)

 

Laponia - Sami Herria

Iparraldeko Eskandinaviako jatorrizklo biztanleak dira Samiak (Sámi: laponiarrak). Lau estatutan banaturik dago beren herria (Laponia edo Sápmi): Finlandia (samieraz, Suopma), Norvegia (Norga), Suedia (Ruotta) eta Errusia (Ruossa). 70.000 Sami inguru daude, gehienak Norvegian, baina erdiak baino gutxiago egiten du samieraz. Samiera (hizkuntza fino-ugriarra) bera hizkuntza bat izan barik, hizkuntza multzo bat da (3tik 11ra mintzaira desberdin, sailkapen desberdinen arabera), eta Ipar Samiera da indartsuena. GeoNativeko taula hauetan, Ipar Samierazko izenak ageri dira. Beheko ingelesezko datuetan duzu bakoitzaren kokapena eta hiztun kopurua (iturria: Unescoren hizkuntzen liburu gorria)

Lapponia / Samiland

The Sámi or Saami are the native inhabitants of northern Scandinavia. The terms Lapp and Lappish are to be avoided. The Sami country, Lapponia or Sápmi, is divided between four states: Finland (Suopma in Sami), Norway (Norga), Sweden (Ruotta) and Russia (Ruossa). There are about 70,000 Sami in Scandinavia. In Norway, between 40,000 and 45,000. Sweden about 17,000, Finland around 5,700 and Russia approx. 2,000. The Sami language (of the Finno-Ugric group) is not just one, but a set of different languages. Some count three distinct languages: East Sami, Central Sami and South Sami, with Central Sami including North Sami, Pite Sami and Lule Sami. In other accounts up to 11 Sami languages are listed. Not all ethnic Sami speak their language. Just 20.000 in Norway, in Finland around 3,000, in Sweden 10,000 and in Russia about 1,000. Most Sami speakers speak North Sami. These tables here contain names in North Sami.

South Sami                        ? 500  Norway, Sweden
Ume Sami                           ? 20  Norway (extinct), Sweden
Pite Sami                          ? 20  Norway (extinct), Sweden
Lule Sami                       ? 2,000  Norway, Sweden
North Sami                       30,000  Norway, Sweden, Finland
Inari Sami                          400  Finland
Kemi Sami           extinct since 1800s  Finland, Russia
Skolt Sami                          300  Finland, Russia
Akkala (Babino) Sami                  8  Russia
Kildin Sami                         800  Russia
Ter Sami                              6  Russia
 
* Jus hálidat oaidnit sámi bustávaid, geavat fontta mii ádde evttohuvvon Latin 9 -standárdda. Lássedie¤ut ¢ujuhusas: http://www.itek.norut.no/project/barent/barsek/ip/char.html

Ipar Samiera da Sami hizkuntzen artean mintzatuena. Alfabeto latino berezi batekin idazten da (ikus hemen informazio gehiagorako). Guk ezin ditugu Ipar Samierazko karaktere guztiak adierazi, eta hortaz ASR sistema darabilgu honako karaktere hauek adierazteko:
ng» s< c< d z< t
 

Northern Sami is the most widely spoken Sami language. It is written in a Latin script based on a new Sami standard, Latin 9. Check this URL for more information.GeoNative cannot display the following North Sami character, which appear here written in the ASR system:
ng» s< c< d z< t

Finlandia - Finland - Suomi - Suopma

* Finlandieraz

* Sami

* Suomi (Finland)

*Suopma

Ailikas

Áilegas

Angeli

Áng»ng»el

Enontekiö

Eanodat

Helsinki

Helsset

Hetta

Heahttá

Inari

Anár / Aanaar (1)

Inarijoki

Anárjohka

Ivalo

Avvil

Ivalojoki

Avviljohka

Kaamanen

Gápmas

Kaaresuvanto

Gárasavvon

Karigasniemi

Gáregasnjárga

Kätkäsuvanto

Geatkesavvon

Kemi

Giepma

Kemijärvi

Giemajávri

Kilpisjärvi

Gilbbesjávri

Kittilä

Gihttel

Kultima

Gulddan

Kuttainen

Guhttás

Kuusamo

Guossán

Lemmenjoki

Leammi

Lisma

C<álku

Lutto

Lohttu / Lotto

Menesjärvi

Menes<jávri

Näätämö

Njávdán

Näkkälä

Neakkel

Nunnanen

Njunnás

Nuorgam

Njuorggán

Nuvvus

Nuvvos

Outakoski

Vuovdaguoika

Peltovuoma

Bealdovuopmi

Rajajooseppi

Rájijovsset

Rovaniemi

Roavvenjárga

Rovisuvanto

Roavvesavvon

Saariselkä

Suoloc<ielgi

Savukoski

Suovvaguoika

Sevettijärvi

C<eavetjávri

Sodankylä

Soadegilli

Suomenlahti [Gulf of Finland]

Suomaluokta

Suonttajärvi

Suovdit

Teno

Deatnu

Tornio

Duortnus

Utsjoki

Ohcejohka

Vaskojoki

Fás<ku

Vuotso

Vuohc<c<u

(1) Bertako Inari Sami hizkuntzan duen izena / Form in the local Inari Sami language


Suedia - Sweden - Sverige - Ruotta

*Suedieraz

*Sami

*Sverige

*Ruotta

Abisko

Ábeskovvu

Ankarede

Ong»kere

Arjeplog

Árjepluovve

Arvidsjaur

Árvesjávri

Åsele

S<aldi

Boden

Buvdá~Suttis

Gällivare

Váhc<ir

Haparanda

Háhpárándi

Idivuoma

Adevuopmi

Jokkmokk

Johkamohkki

Jukkasjärvi

C<ohkkiras

Kalix

Gáinnas

Kalixälv

Gáláseatnu

Karesuando

Gárasavvon

Kebnekaise

Giebmegáisi

Kiruna

Giron

Kjækan

Geaggánvuopmi

Korpilombolo

Dállogilli

Kvikkjokk

Huhttán

Lainiojok

Lávnnjiteatnu

Lainiovuoma

Lávnnjitvuopmi

Leavas

Leavás<

Luleå

Julivu / Luleju

Lyksele

Liks<u

Malå

Málát

Piteå

Bihtán

Porjus

Borjjus

Rautasvuoma

Gabná

Skellefteå

Skiellet

Sorsele

Suorssá

Stensele

Geadgesavvon

Tärna

Deardná

Torneå

Duortnus

Torneälv

Duortnosjohka

Torneträsk

Duortnosjávri

Umeå

Ubmi

Vittangi

Váz<ás / Vasás<


Errusia - Russia - Rossiya- Ruossa

Errusiera transliteratua ageri da hemen (ikus Alphabet Street atala). Ikus Errusiako taula gehiago hemen, bereziki, Kareliakoa eta herri Fino-Ugriarrena.

See the other tables from the former Soviet Union, especially those for Karelia and the Uralic nations. Russian names are transliterated (check Alphabet Street section).
 

* Errusieraz / *Russian

*Sami

* Finnish

*Rossiya

*Ruos<s<a

*Venäjä

* Soveckij Sojuz [Soviet Union]

* Sovjetlihttu

* Neuvostoliitto

?

Áináidsullot

Heinäsaaret

Babinsk

Áhkkil

Akkala

Barencevo More [Barents Sea]

Barentsáhpi

Barentsinmeri

Beloye more [White Sea]

Vilgesmearra

Vienanmeri

Imandra

Avvir

Imantra

Jokanga

Jovkajohka

Kamensk

Ginddos<

Kandalaks<a

Gáddeluokta

Kantalahti

Karelija [Karelia]

Gárjil

Karjala

Kil'din [island]

Gieldasuolu

Kol'skiy poluostrov / Kola [peninsula]

Guoládatnjárga

Kuolan niemimaa

Kola

Guoládat

Kuola

Ljavozero

Leijávri

Ljavozero

Lotta [river]

Lotto

Lutto

Lovozero

Lujávri

Luujärvi

Lumbovsk

Luombbis

Maselgskij

Másealgi

Maaselkä

Monc<egorsk

Monc<egorska

Murmansk

Murmánska

Muurmanski

Nikel'

Nihkkel

Nikkeli

Notozero

Njuohttejávri

Nuortijärvi

Olenegorsk

Olenegorska

Onega / Onez<skoje ozero

Jietnajas<

Onega

Pechenga

Beahcán / Peähtsamm

Petsamo

Ponoj

Boanni

Ponoi

Rybachiy [peninsula] / Poluostrov Rybachiy

Giehkirnjárga

Kalastajasaarento

S<onguj

Soanggás<

Severomorsk

Severomorska

Soloveckije [islands]

Solovecksullot

Solovetskin saaret

Sosnovka

Sosnoavki

Sovetskij sojuz

Sovjetlihttu

Neuvostoliitto

Suenjel

Suonnjel

Suonikylä

Ter

Darji

Turja

Teribërka

Terberk

Tuloma

Duollángieddi

Tuulomankenttä

Tumannyj

Tumannii

Umba

Umbjohka

Varsuga

Viersi

Varzino

Harcajohka

Verchnetulomskij

Verhnetulomskii

Voronja

Gorrádat


Laguntzaile / Informer: Tapio Ryhanen
Eguneratua / Updated: 1998-08-03
Loturak / Links:
* Informazioa ingelesez / Info in english:
http://www.sametinget.se/english/index.html
http://www.vn.fi/vn/um/finfo/english/saameng.html
http://www.itv.se/boreale/samieng.htm
http://home.sn.no/~rjernsle/95eicass.htm
http://www.samefolket.se/index.htm
* Saminet:
http://www.student.oulu.fi/~tryhanen/saminet/
* Aarjel (South Sami tribe) (Swedish / Aarjel (SouthSami)
http://www.itv.se/boreale/interreg/

 

 

Mapak / Maps

Sami hizkuntzak eta beren eremuak / Regional domain of the Sami languages

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