Greek - Turkish minorities

In this page, informaion about Thrace, and the Turk minority of Greece, as well as of the Greek minority of Turkey (Greeks of the Bosphorus and the Muslim Greeks).

Orri honetan, Traziari buruzko eta ondorengo gutxiengoei buruzko informazioa aurkituko duzu: Greziako gutxiengo Turkiarra, eta Turkiako Greziarra (Bosforokoak eta Musulman grekoak barne).


Thrace

Thrace is a region that comprises part of south Bulgaria, northeast Greece (this is Western Thrace) and the European side of Turkey (Eastern Thrace). It's just that corner of Europe that ends in Istanbul. Greece and Turkey were much more multiethnic in the past than they are now. In 1923 there was an enormous the Greek-Turkish population exchange. In Anatolia, no more Greeks live since that, but in Istanbul the Greek community remained, as well as the Turkish of Western Thrace (in Greece).

Trazia

Trazia Europako ekialdean Istanbulen amaitzen den mutur hori da. Berez, Bulgaria hegoaldea, Grezia ipar-ekialdea eta Turkiaren zati europarra hartzen ditu. Grezia eta Turkia orain baino pluralagoak ziren etnikoki iraganean. 1923an populazio etnikoen truke handi bat egin zuten, eta harrezkero ez dago greziarrik Anatolian. Aldiz, populazio batzuk geratu egin ziren, hala-nola Istanbulgo greziarrak eta Trazia grekoko turkiarrak.

Turkish in Greece

In Western Thrace (under Greece), there are still some 92,000 Turkish speakers. Greek is gradually supplanting Turkish as the language of instruction even in Muslim schools. Most Thracian Muslims are of Turkish ancestry and speak Turkish. The Pomak people (some 27,000), a Muslim group speaking a Bulgarian dialect, are concentrated along the border with Bulgaria. There is also a small group of sedentary Gypsies who speak Romany and Turkish.

 

 

Turkiera Grezian

Mendebaldeko Trazian (Greziaren mende) 92.000 lagun mintzo dira turkieraz oraindi, baina grejera tokia hartzen ari da, musulmenen eskoletan bertan ere bai. Traziako musulman gehienak turkiarrak dira, baina haiekin zenbatzen dira sarri Pomak herria (27.000 lagun inguru) Bulgarieraren dialekto batez mintzo diren musulmanak. Ijito talde bat ere badago, eta Rom zein Turkieraz mintzo dira.

Greek

Turkish

* Thraki

* Trakya / Bati Trakya

Alexandroupolis

Dedeagaç

Didymotichon

Dimetoka

Evros

Meriç

Komotini

Gümülcine

Rodhopi [mountains]

Rodop

Thessaloníki

Solun

Xanthi

Iskece



Greek in Turkey

The size of the Greek minority in Turkey has decreased, or dwindled considerably in the last 45 years, primarily due to the discriminatory and often oppressive policies of the Turkish State against them. Today there are about 3,000 Greeks left. Most of them live in Istanbul. There are two small communities on the islands of Gokceada (1,000 people) and Bozcaada (less than 100) in the Aegean. These 3 communities speak distinct dialects. We have 3 placename lists, one for several placenames, other for Greek neighborhoods in Istanbul, and the 3rd one for some cities that prior to 1923 were populated by greeks.
 
Other distinct communities are those of the Muslim Greeks of the Pontis (see below).

 

 

Grekera Turkian

Azken 45 urteotan, Turkiako komunitate greziarra asko gutxitu da, Turkiako estatuaren diskriminazioaren presioaren pean. Gaur egunean 3.000 greziar inguru geratzen dira, haietarik gehienak Istanbulen. Beste bi komunitate daude Gokceada (1.000 lagun) and Bozcaada (100 eskas) uharteetan. Hiru komunitateek dialekto berezituak dauzkate. Hiru taula ditugu hemen. Lehen bietan oraindik greziarrak geratzen diren tokiak jarri ditugu (2.ean, zehazki, Istanbuleko auzuneak). 1923 baino lehenago greziarrak bizi ziren zenbait hiri harri ditugu 3.ean.
 
Beste komunitate batzuk ere badaude Turkian, Anatoliako Greziar musulmanenak (ikus beherago).

Gaur egungo komunitate greziarrak Turkian
Present day Greek communities in Turkey

Turkish

Greek

* Turkiye

* Tourkia

Bogazici

Vosporos

Bozcaada

Tenedhos

Canakkale

Ellispondos / Dhardhanellia

Gokceada

Imvros

Halic

Keratios

Istanbul

Konstandinoupolis / Poli [simple popular form]


Istanbulen biztanleria greziarra daukaten zenbait auzune
Neighborhoods and boroughs in Istanbul with a significant Greek Population

Turkish

Greek

Adalar

Pringiponissa

Arnavutkoy

Megha Revma

Bakirkoy

Makrohori

Beyoglu

Pera / Peran

Fener

Fanari

Galata

Galatas

Kadikoy

Halkidhon

Kurtuluz

Tatavla


Anatoliako hiriak non greziarrak bizi ziren 1923 baino lehen
Cities in Anatolia where Greeks lived before 1923

Turkish

Greek

Izmir

Smirni

Kayseri

Kesaria

Bodrum

Alikarnasos

Efes

Efesos

Bergama

Perghamos

Ayvalik

Aivali / Kidhonies

Milas

Militos

Bandirma

Panormos



Muslim Greeks of Turkey

Besides the mainstream Orthodox Christian Greeks, there are more Greek speakers in Turkey, although there is not probably ethnic consciousness among them: these are the Muslim Greeks of Turkey, who are dividid in two groups: the Muslim Greek refugees coming from Crete called Cretans, and the Muslim Pontic Greeks of the Black Sea or Pontus. The integration of Muslim Greeks among mainstream Turkish culture seems certain, given the strong anti-Greek sentiments running high in Turkey.

Turkiako greziar musulmanak

Greko kristau ortodoxoez gain, Turkia badago grekeraz mintzo den beste gutxiengo handi baina ezezagun bat, nahiz eta beharbada kontzientzia etnikorik gabea. Greko musulmanak dira horiek, eta bi taldetan daude banatuak: Kretatik errefuxiatu joan zirenak, batetik, eta bestetik, Pontus edo Itsaso Beltzeko Greko musulmanak, grekera pontikoz mintzo direnak. Talde hauen integrazioa geldiezina dirudi, eta Greziaren kontrako etsaitasuna hain gogorra izanik, beren hizkuntzaren galera ziurtzat jo daiteke.


Pontus Muslim Greek

The largest group speaking Pontic Greek lives in 5-6 villages around Trabzon and in nearly 50 villages at the valley 'Yukari Solakli' that is south of Of. There's no satisfactory research made on the Pontus Muslim Greeks. They speak Greak and carry on Greek traditions but they refuse to be accepted in an ethnic group other than the Turks. They call themsevels 'Turkos' and their language as 'Romaika', a dialect of old Capadocian Greek, a variety once spoken in Anatolia but now probably extinct in Turkey. The Pontic Muslim Greeks consider the real Greeks as a seperate race and call them as 'Oromeos'. Their population is estimated between 200.000-300.000. In this same area, another minority lives, the Laz people.

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Romaika

Grekera Pontikoa zenbait ingurutan mintzo da. Batik bat, Trabzon inguruko 5-6 herritan, eta 'Yukari Solakli haraneko beste 50 herrixkatan, Of hiritik hegoaldera. Istanbul ondoan ere etorkinen bi herrixka daude. Grekeraz mintzo diren arren, turkiarrak direla esaten dute haiek, eta ez dute onartzen besterik. Beren buruari 'Turkos' deitzen diote, eta hizkuntzari 'Romaika'. Berez, Kapadoziako grekera orain desagertuaren dialektoa da hori. Gainerako greziarrei 'Oromeos'. esaten diete. 200 edo 300.000 lagun izan daitezke. Inguru berean Laz herria bizi da, beste gutxiengo bat.


Turkish

Greek

Akçaabat

Plátana

Batumi

Batoum (1)

Coguh ibaia

Tsogou

Giresun

Keradous

Harsit ibaia

Karsit

Of

Ofis

Ordu

Ordou

Pazar

Atina

Pers,embe

Persembé

Rize

Rizous

Tiebolu

Tsipolis

Trabzon

Trapezous

(1) Georgian; han ere bizi baitira Greziar Pontikoak / In Georgia, as Pontic Greeks also live there



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Pontus edo Itsaso Beltzaren ekialdeko aldea, grekera pontikoa mintzo den eskualdea.
The eastern portion of the Pontus or Black Sea, where Pontic Greek is spoken.

Turkiako Trazia eta Bosforoko eskualdea, izen historikoak (gorriz) + turkierazkoak (berdez)
Turkish Thrace and the Bosphorus: historic names (in red) + turkish names (in green)

Traziako mapa grekeraz
Map of Thrace in Greek script


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