Uighur
in Eastern Turkestan (Xinjiang, China)
Uigur herria Ekialdeko Turkestanen (Xinjiang, Txina)


Eastern Turkestan / Xinjiang

Area: 1.6 million sq. km. Population: 14 million (1990 census), Uyghurs: 7.2 million (official), 14-30 million (estimates by the Uyghur organizations abroad). Capital: Urumchi. The Sinkiang-Uyghur Autonomous Region in China (Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu in Chinese) is also known under the names Eastern Turkestan or Chinese Turkestan. Uyghur people prefer Uyghuristan. It is inhabited by the Uyghurs also known under names Uighur, Uigur, Uygur, Weiwuer, Sart, Taranchi, Kashgarlik. The other native peoples are Kazak, Uzbek, Kyrghyz, Tajik, Tatar. Chinese colonization by Han people is a threat for the native peoples.

Check below the note about spellings.

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Särqiy Türkistan / Uyghuristan

Zabalera: 1.6 milioi km karratu. Biztanlegoa: 14 milioi (1990eko errolda), Jatorrizko Uigurrak: 7.2 milioi (ofiziala), 14-30 milioi, erbesteko Uigur taldeek diotenez. Hiriburua: Urumchi. Sinkiang-Uigur Eskualde Autonomoari (txineraz: Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu) Ekialdeko edo Txinako Turkestan ere esaten zaio. Uigur jendeak nahiago du Uiguristan (Uyghuristan). Beste talde etniko batzuk: Kazakh, Uzbek, Kirgiz, Tadjik, Tatarrak. Txinatarren kolonizazio gero eta bortitzagoa mehatxu larria da herri hauentzat.
 
Ikus behean idazkerari buruzko oharra.

English

Uighur

Putonghua (Mandarin) Chinese (Pinyin with tone marks)

China

Cuñgo

Zhöngguó

Eastern Turkestan

Särqiy Türkistan

People's Republic of China

Hitay Xälq Cumhuriyiti

Zhönghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó

Uighuristan

Uyghuristan

Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region

Sincañ Uyghur Aptonom Rayon

Xïnjiäng Wéiwú'êr Zìzhìqü


Sinicized official form in maps (Pinyin)

Uighur

Putonghua (Mandarin) Chinese (Pinyin with tone marks)

* Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu

Sincañ Uyghur Aptonom Rayon

Xïnjiäng Wéiwú'êr Zìzhìqü

Akqi

Aqçi

Ähéqí

Aksu

Aqsu

Äkèsü

Akto

Aqto

Äkètáo

Altay

Altay

Älètài

Altay Shan [mountains]

Altay Teghi

Älètài Shän

Artux

Artus

Ätúshí

Awat

Awat

Äwâtí

Baicheng (Bay)

Bay

Bàichéng

Barkol Kazak Zizhixian

Barköl Qazaq Aptonom Nahiyisi

Bälîkün Häsàkè Zìzhìxiàn

Bayingolin Monggol Zizhizhou

Bayingholin Moñghol Aptonom Wilayiti

Bäyïnguöléng Ménggû Zìzhìzhöu

Bohu (Bagrax)

Baüras

Bóhú

Bole (Bortala)

Börtala

Bólè

Bortala Monggol Zizhizhou

Börtala Moñghol Aptonom Wilayiti

Bó'êrtâlä Ménggû Zìzhìzhöu

Bosten/Bagrax Hu [lake]

Baghras Köli

Bósïténg Hú

Burqin

Burçin

Bù'êrjïn

Changji

Sanci

Chängjí

Changji Huizu Zizhizhou

Sanci Huysu Aptonom Wilayiti

Chängji Huízú Zìzhìzhöu

Emin (Dorbiljin)

Dörbilcin

Émîn

Ertix He [river]

Ertis Däryasi

???

Fuhai (Burultokay)

Burultoqay

Fúhâi

Fukang

Fukañ

Fùkäng

Fuyun (Koktokay)

Köktoqay

Fùyùn

Gongliu (Tokkuztara)

Toqquztara

Gôngliü

Habahe (Kaba)

Qaba

Häbähé

Hami (Kumul)

Qumul

Hämì

Hejing

Heciñ

Héjìng

Hoboksar Monggol Zizhixian

Qobuqsar / Xoboqsar Aptonom Nahiyisi

Hébùkèsài'êr Ménggû Zìzhìxiàn

Hotan

Xotän

Hétián

Hoxud

Xosut / Xosud

Héshuò

Huocheng (Korgas)

Qorghas

Huòchéng

Hutubi

Kutubi

Hütúbì

Ili He [river]

Ili Däryasi

Yïlí Hé

Ili Kazak Zizhizhou

Ili (Ile) Qazaq Aptonom Wilayiti

Yïlí Häsàkè Zìzhìzhou

Jeminay

Ceminäy

Jímùnâi

Jiashi (Payzawat)

Päyzawat

Jiäshï

Jimsar

Cimsar

Jímùsà'êr

Jinghe (Jing)

Ciñ

Jïnghé

Junggar Pendi [Dzungarian Basin]

Cuñghariyä

Zhunga'er Pendi

Kalpin

Kälpin

Këpíng

Karakorum Shan [mountains]

Qaraqurum Teghi

Kalakunlun Shan

Karamay

Qaramay

Kèlämâyï

Kashi (Kaxgar)

sqär

Kàshí

Kizilsu Kirgiz Zizhizhou

Qizilsu Qirghiz Aptonom Wilayiti

Kèzilèsü Kë'êrkèzï Zìzhìzhöu

Korla

Korla

Kù'êrlé

Kunjirap Shankou [pass]

Qoncirap Dawan

Hongqilapu Shankou

Kuqa

Kuça

Kùchë

Kuytun

Kuytuñ

Kuítún

Lop

Lop

Luòpû

Manas

Manas

Mânàsï

Manas Hu [lake]

Manas Köli

Manasi Hu

Maralwexi

Maralwäsi

Bächû

Markit

Märkit

Màigàití

Minfeng (Niya)

Niya

Mínfëng

Miquan

Miçüan

Mîquán

Mori Kazak Zizhixian

Mori Qazaq Aptonom Nahiyisi

Mùlêi Häsàkè Zìzhìxiàn

Moyu (Karakax)

Qaraqas

Mòyù

Muztag [mountain]

Muztagh

Mushi Shan

Nilka

Nilqa

Nílèkè

Pamir Shan [mountains]

Pamir Teghi

???

Pishan (Guma)

Guma

Píshän

Qapqal Xibe Zizhixian

Çapçal Sibe Aptonom Nahiyisi

Chábùchá'êr Xíbó Zìzhìxiàn

Qiemo (Qarqan)

Çärçän

Qiêmò

Qinghe (Qinggil)

Çiñgil

Qïnghé

Qira

Çira

Cèlè

Qitai

Guçuñ

Qítái

Qogir Feng [K2 (Godwin Austen); mountain]

Çogir Çoqisi

Qiaogeli Feng

Ruoqiang (Qarkilik)

Çarqiliq / Qarghiliq

Ruòqiäng

Sayram Hu [lake]

Sayram Köli

Sàilîmù Hú

Shache (Yarkant)

Yäkän

Shächë

Shanshan (Piqan)

Piçan

Shànshàn

Shawan (Sandaohezi)

Sawan

Shäwän (Sändàohézî)

Shihezi

Sihänzä

Shíhézï

Shufu

Konä Qäsqär / Konäsähär

Shüfù

Shule

Yäñi Qäsqär / Yäñisähär

Shülè

Tacheng (Qoqek)

Çöçek

Tâchéng

Taklimakan Shamo [desert]

Täklimakan Toghraqliri

Takelamagan Shamo

Tarbagatay Shan [mountains]

Tarbaghitay Teghi

???

Tarim He [river]

Tarim Däryasi

Talimu He

Taxkorgan Tajik Zizhixian

Tasqorüan Tacik Aptonom Nahiyisi

Tâshíkù'êrgän Tâjíkè Zìzhìxiàn

Tekes

Tekes

Tèkèsï

Tian Shan [mountains]

Täñri Teghi (???)

Tiän Shän

Tikanlik

Tikänliq

Tieganlike

Toksun

Toqsun

Tuökèxùn

Toli

Toli

Tuölî

Tomur Feng [Pik Pobedy (Russian), mountain]

Tömür Çoqa

???

Turpan

Turpan

Tûlûfän

Ürümqi

Ürümçi

Wülûmùqí

Usu

Usu (Sixo)

Wüsü

Uxxaktal

Ussaqtal

Wushitala

Wenquan (Arixang)

Aris

Wënquán

Wensu

Aqsu Kona Sähär

Wënsù

Wuqia (Ulugqat)

Uluüçat

Wüqià

Wushi (Uqturpan)

Üçturpan

Wüshí

Xayar

Sahyar

Shäyâ

Xinhe (Toksu)

Toqsu

Xïnhé

Xinyuan (Künes)

Künes

Xïnyuán

Yanqi Huizu Zizhixian

Qarasähär Huysu Aptonom Nahiyisi

Yänqí Huízú Zìzhìxiàn

Yarkant He [river]

Yäkän Däryasi

Ye'erqiang He

Yecheng (Kargilik)

Qarghiliq

Yèchéng

Yengisar

Yäñisar

Yïngjíshä

Yining (Gulja)

Ghulca [Kazakh: Ile / Qulja]

Yïníng

Yiwu (Aratürük)

Aratürük

Yïwú

Yopurga

Yopurgha

Yuèpûhú

Yuli (Lopnur)

Lopnur

Yùlí

Yumin

Çaghantoqay

Yùmín

Yutian (Keriya)

Keriyä

Yútián

Zepu (Poskam)

Poskam

Zépû

Zhaosu (Monggolküre)

Moñgholküre

Zhäosü


Names appear transliterated from their original scripts here, following international standards, with some additional conventions used in GeoNative, as it is shown below:

Izenak jatorrizko formetatik transliteratuak ageri dira hemen, nazioarteko estandarren arabera (GeoNativerako hartutako konbentzio batzuekin), jarraian ageri den bezala:



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Ekialdeko Turkestan: Uiguristanen beste izen bat. Hiri nagusiak uigurreraz.
East Turkistan: other name of Uyghuristan. Main cities in Uyghur.

Eskualdea mapa txinatarra, oso handia
Chinese map of the area (big size)

Txinako probintziak (Xinjiang da Uigurren lurraldea)
Chinese provinces (Uyghuristan is Xinjiang)


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