Yiddish

Juduak eta beren mintzairak

Jewish languages


Europako juduak

Bi gutxiengo garrantzitsu ditugu orri honetan, Ashkenazi juduak eta beren Yiddish hizkuntza eta jusu sefarditak eta beren Ladino hizkuntza, gaztelania zaharraren ondorengoa (Judeo-Español ere esaten diote Espainia aldean). Europako judu asko hil zituzten Naziek Holokaustoan, baina beste batzuk bizirik irten ziren. Askok emigratu egin zuten Estatu Batuetara, Kanadara eta Israelera. Taulan Yiddish hiztunen estimazio batzuk (barka: estatu izenak ingelesez).

European Jews

Two important groups which have been minoritized for most of history are the Ashkenazi Jews and their Yiddish language, and the Sephardi Jews and their Ladino language (just a copule of names by now). Many Jews perished in the Nazi Holocaust, but small groups in various states of occupied Europe did survive. Many emigrated to the United States, Canada, and Israel. Some stayed. We have a recent estimate of speakers of Yiddish.

State / Estatua

Year 1930. Urtea

Year 1995. Urtea

Austria

200,000

10,000

Belarus

375,000

10,000

Belgium

90,000

35,000

Bosnia

19,000

1,000

Bulgaria

50,000

4,000

Croatia

30,000

500

Czech Rep.

129,000

4,000

Denmark

8,000

5,000

Estonia

5,000

200

Finland

2,000

2,000

France

350,000

100,000

Germany

560,000

28,000

Greece

2,000

2,000

Hungary

650,000

40,000

Ireland

2,000

1,000

Italy

57,000

40,000

Latvia

100,000

1,000

Lithuania

155,000

1,000

Luxembourg

3,000

1,000

Moldova

300,000

2,000

Netherlands

140,000

30,000

Norway

2,000

1,000

Poland

3,300,000

2,000

Romania

760,000

68,000

Russia

1,250,000

500,000

Slovakia

175,000

8,000

Slovenia

4,000

300

Spain

4,000

1,000

Sweden

4,000

5,000

Switzerland

30,000

20,000

Ukraine

1,750,000

35,000

United Kingdom

100,000

40,000

Yugoslavia (Serbia)

15,000

1,000

Israel

300,000

1,500,000

United States

2,100,000

880,000

Canada

140,000

90,000

Australia

12,000

31,000

TOTAL (with others)

Guztira (beste batzuk barne)

14,000,000

4,000,000


Ladino

Sefarditentzat izen pare bat besterik ez dugu, Ladino hizkuntzan

Ladino

For Sephardi jews, we only have these names in Ladino language.

* State / Estatua

* Map name (mapako izena)

* Ladino

Greece

Thessaloniki

Saloniki

Turkey

Istanbul

Kushta


Yiddish

Mapetako izen batzuk ASR siteman idatziak. Yiddishez daudenak ingelesezko transliterazioak dira, jatorrizko hebraierazko alfabetotik eginak.

Yiddish

In map names several special characters are written with the ASR system. The Yiddish names are english transliterations from the hebrew script.

* State / Estatua

* map name / *mapetan

* Yiddish

Austria

Wien

Vin

Belarus

Brest

Brisk

Czech Rep.

Praha

Prag / Prog

Lithuania

Kaunas

Kovne

Lithuania

Vilnius

Vilne

Moldova

Chis,ina(u

Keshenev

Poland

Cracow

Kroke / Kruke

Poland

L/odz'

Lodzh

Poland

Poznan'

Pozna / Pozen / Pozyn

Poland

Siedlce

Shedlets

Poland

Warszawa

Varshe

Poland

Wrocl/aw

Bresloy / Bresle

Romania

Ias,i

Yas

Ukraine

Berdychiv

Barditshev

Ukraine

L'viv

Lvuv / Lemberik

Ukraine

Odessa

Odes

Informer / Datu-emailea: Howard Freedland
Last updated / Eguneratua: 1998-7-1


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