The islands lie on the African plate, which is at present going under the European plate. This explains the north-east dip of the islands resulting in bays on the northern coast and as shown in the picture, cliffs on the southern coast.
The cliffs shown are the western continuation of the Dingli
Cliffs and are composed of lower coralline limestone. The overlying globigerina
layer, being less resistant to erosion has resulted in the flowing landscape
that constitute the fertile soils of the Dingli cliffs.
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