Since 1997
Last Updated August 2, 2008

"Suomalais-ugrilainen kansa tahtoi elää"
"The Finno-Ugric People Wanted to Live"

Finnish and Related People's History, Culture and Language

Welcome! Tervetuloa!


Huge maps, culture, history, pictures, language, literature, music, songs, business, news:
  • Finno-Ugric People
  • Historical Maps showing original Finno-Ugric place names
  • Story From Seven Brothers (in a sauna) by Alexis Kivi
  • Early Finno-Ugric and Finnish History
  • Finno-Ugric place names based on the root "sum" and "sam"
  • Finno-Ugric Cooperation Today
  • Perm / Karelian Power and decline in 13th Century
  • Classification of Uralic Languages
  • Kalevala Land of Heroes
  • Finnish Sauna Culture
  • Finland at war: WW2: Winter War and Continuation War
  • Human Rights and Religion
  • Cultural Topics
  • Selection of Finnish History, Literature and Movies
  • Uralic City Center - where you can find books, CDs, Videos etc.
  • Finnish Song Book - words and scores

  • Uralic People

    Welcome to Uralic Family Home Page, about Finnish people and some of their relatives. The Uralic Family of languages is comprised of two branches: 1) Finno-Ugric, and 2) Samoyedic. The Baltic Finnish/Karelian and Estonian (Finnic), Hungarian (Ugric) and Lapp people belong to this distinct group of linguistically and culturally related people. There are many related groups in the former Soviet Union. Most of these are quickly being assimilated into the dominant Russian language and culture, which continues many genocidal practises with the blessings of the Russian government. The eastern Finnish languages cannot be understood by Finns today as contacts to the east have been more or less cut for eight hundred years of Russian history. Some Finnish people, and especially Estonians, have a keen interest in their relatives to the east with whom many still feel some kinship ties. The eastern Finnish cultures have developed with many Turkic and Slavic cultural, religious and linguistic influences. Finnish culture, which is the main focus at this site, is very Scandinavian in style, but Finno-Ugric origins make the people distinct in many ways. If you are interested in exploring the background history of the Finns and other related groups, you are welcome to participate and give us your opinions of what is presented here. Perhaps there is something missing that you think should be included.

    Who are the Uralic people? Where did they come from? Where do they live? What is their language and culture like? This web page explores these and many other questions relating to Uralic people: their past, present and future.

    One cannot understand Finnish language, history and culture without some knowledge of related people. Finnish history and culture that are presented in these pages is set against a background of the other Finno-Ugric people. Finnish written history is only from the second millennium, but fortunately the Finns have a strong oral tradition going back to the ice ages. Finns, and Karelian tribes in particular, had a strong oral tradition of rune singing their history, ancient shamanistic beliefs, myth, magic, love and war. These traditions survived in Karelia probably because of the relative isolation from the early Finnish church. These stories were collected in the 19th Century and compiled into one story, composed of a masterful collection of epic poems that reveal the daily life of the people over millennia. Karelia has a long history going back over eight thousand years.

    You can also read about the period in which the slavs began intercepting Karelian trade with the Norwegians and Volga traders. The slavs came and actually took over the key trading posts to the East, forcing the inhabitants to move west. Of course Russians claim all conquered land as "ancient Russian land." If the Slavs were there first, it would be the Finns kicking Slavs out, not the other way around. But the Slavs are unable to prove even that they inhabited the Baltic regions on both sides of the Gulf of Finland in ancient times; the Finns and Lapps have no problem doing that. In fact, history traces the gradual encroachment of Slavs northward, displacing a lot of Finno-Ugric people westward, and some eastward. Karelia, Finland's Eastern province was inhabited by Karelians who have their own dialect of Finnish. But due to the military exploits from Novgorod, Finns (who were under Swedish rule) had to build fortifications, and fight to keep their land - even up to 1944. Russia's position is that they were fighting to take Finnish land held by Sweden ("Germans"). Eventually, by 1703, while the Finnish army was away fighting Sweden's battles, Peter the Great established St. Petersburg on Finnish Ingerian lands.

    Viipuri (Vyborg), which is not far from St. Petersburg, on the Gulf of Finland, was established by Finns and built by Finns - not Russians. They have taken parts of Finland, but they cannot turn Finnish towns and cities into "old Russian" cities without rewriting history. This is exactly what is being done as I write. But anyone who reads the old Russian texts, will note that reference is always made to "Swedish" cities, as Finland was then a part of Sweden - not "old Russian" cities. So, Russia is still at it - falsifying history to justify their actions which are usually predatory on its neighbors. If the Baltic Finns were to take back all lands belonging to them, Russians would have no access to the Atlantic. There is only one way the Russian people can join the civilized world, and that is by admitting everything they have done against the Finnish people, and ask for forgiveness, thus showing a sincere desire to abandon its old ways and join the civilized world. Yeltsin was beginning this process, but Putin has put a quick stop to that. Perm / Karelian Power and decline in 13th Century

    Today, Finns love their Kalevala which is read and enjoyed as a rich historical and mythological legacy of their ancestors. Kalevala

    As for the reliability of the information contained here, of course there may be some outdated material as some sources are very old. In researching sources such as the Encyclopaedia Britannica be aware that it may contain Soviet era disinformation regarding areas they "liberated." Also personal views may sometimes blur the facts as the writer adds his own interpretations though great effort has been expended in minimizing such artifacts. For these reasons links are provided to other history sites.

    You will also find famous Finnish products, CD's, Videos, books and other links provided for your convenience and enjoyment at the Uralic City Center. Check out Pirkko Kiansten's Internet radio show Saturday mornings 9:30 - 11:00 AM Pacific time. We now offer some of Pirkko's finest shows from archived files.
    listen now
    If you are interested in war history, may I recommend Antti's exclusive WW2 Continuation War Photo Gallery. There are dozens of photos Antti took in 1941-42 on Lake Laatokka (Ladoga), scanned from our family album. I hope you enjoy your stay and that you will come back often to see what's new. Please bookmark it now for future reference.

    Finland and The Finnish People

    Finland (Suomi), a northern European country of 5.2 million people, is a land where peasants have always been free. Historically, Finns are stubbornly independent and hard-working.

    Since 1155, Finland had been in the Swedish realm. Finland became the borderline between the Orthodox east and Western Christianity. Most Finns are Lutheran, which is basically Protestantism. (simply put, the Bible is the highest authority) In 1808, Finland became a Russian autonomous Grand Duchy, a special status giving the Finns great control of their internal government. After the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917, Finland became an independent republic with a social democratic government. The Finnish Independence Day is December 6.

    At 337,000 sq. km. (130,128.01 sq. mi.), with 60,000 lakes, Finland is a little smaller than Montana, about the size of New England, New Jersey, and New York combined, or 4/10 the size of British Columbia, Canada. Finland's southern shores are at the approximate latitude of Yukon/Northwest Territories/British Columbia border. Mapquest Stats summary with map

    Finland can boast a little bit when confronted with one-up-manship of neighbors. Finland's education system is rated (2002, 2003) third best in the world, and today ranks the highest.
    Finland's Education System Tops
    Washington Post
    This makes Finns among the smartest people in the world, way ahead of the Swedes. Finland ranked number one on the UN's latest (2003) technology achievement index. Information Technology Association of Canada

    NEW YORK - No country has an economy more conducive to sustained growth than Finland. So says the World Economic Forum (WEF) in its newly released Global Competitiveness Report. Forbes, 2004
    Freedom of Press: which country is tops? You guessed it. Reporters Without Borders

    These values and identity that built and sustained Finland should be preserved.

    You can read about Life in Finland:
    Finland, Cultural Lone Wolf

    In 1939 and again in 1944, Finland was almost swallowed up by its giant communist neighbor, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics headed by the dictator Joseph Stalin. Nowadays Russia still claims that tiny Finland attacked the giant Soviet Union. That would be like a mouse attacking an elephant - absurd. This is refuted or accepted by Russian leadership, depending on who is in power. The present administration claims Finland attacked, which was the Soviet position. Russia downplays the first 1939-40 Winter War (which is easily seen as Russian aggression) but emphasizes Finland's 1941 offensive to take back the lost territory with German aid. Hence the Soviets claim that the land they took was liberated from the fascists, though Finland is and has always been, a Social Democratic country. Being aligned for any reason with Hitler is thought to automatically make Finland's position weak. Whether Finland was seen as merely defending itself or attacking depends upon how badly USSR was needed as an ally, and Churchill and Roosevelt desperately needed Stalin to help beat Hitler. That fact did not escape Stalin and he used it to annex most of Karelia province without retribution.

    Although Finland managed to remain outside the Soviet Union, she lost most of the province of Karelia and more than 400,000 people were relocated in Finland, which included the writer's parents and grandparents. The question why Stalin's allies were ready to give up Finland to Communist slavery, is one that still baffles the writer. Like many other European countries abandoned to the whims of the mass-murderer Joseph Stalin, Finland would have ended up in the Soviet bloc but for the superhuman resistance put up by the Finnish Army. Both Finland and Soviet Union were on the side of Hitler during the war at some point, for their own reasons.

    Finland was lucky and survived the Russians. But other ethnic states are not so lucky, being remotely located from their cousins, and their protection, on the Baltic. This makes them more vulnerable to acts of genocide and Russification. UN declared in 1948 that any attempt to destroy a culture by taking away rights to language and culture is genocide, which is now gaining momentum in Russia against the Finnish tribes. This reminds us of Stalin's final solution to Finnish-Karelian nationalism, which was the real reason these minorities became victims of the Purges. It also reminds us of the genocide of natives in North America in residential schools and elsewhere. Soviet propaganda, however, stated that all ethnic groups have equal standing in the people's paradise, while in reality, terror reigned against the minorities. This is exactly what is starting to happen in Russia today.

    Gangs of hoollums go around beating up those involved with cultural activities in their own language, with the blessings of Moscow, as in Stalin's time. One of the goals of this site is to bring to your attention and reverse the trend of forced language extinction by Russian authorities in Moscow and repression of minorities. Putin is the man in charge of these acts. Development of democractic principles within the Russian Federation was a fleeting dream, now beginning to crumble under Putin. Based on how the Russian majority loves their Putin, it looks like they don't care about developing the proper way - they rather revert to bullying and corrupt tactics of the past. Too bad, what a waste. Democracy is the only hope for survival of minorities.
    European Commission Concerned.
    Index of Finno-Ugric Concerns.
    Mari El Republic Message to you - Mari are also known as "Cheremis"
    Mari El Republic and Finno-Ugrian Issues
    News From Moscow
    EU Russia Summit

    Finnish Society underwent a profound transition in the last part of the second millennium, and continues in the new one. On the 1st of January 1995, Finland joined the European Union (EU, former EEC or EC), losing some of her autonomy in the process. Finland is participating in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU); the currency (markka, abbr. mk or FIM) is now replaced by Euro (with a ratio of 5.94571 FIM = 1 euro). (There are so many songs in Finland with Markka in it. Will they have to change the words? "Ei ole mulla Euroja taskussa...")

    In February 2000, Tarja Halonen became the first woman president of Finland. She is active in charting a "humane" (if that is possible!) path for globalization, women's rights and human rights. In 2006 Tarja won a second term, and Conan O'Brien, her look-alike, gave her so much publicity, (His band played and sang Finnish songs about Tarja, and poked fun at her competition) that he made a special Valentine's Day 2006 visit to Finland. Even with his pronounciation of "Tarja" - with an english "j", it was funny and impressive. The amount of production time spent was quite astounding for an American production about a little northern country on a late-night TV show that the Finns watch with a two day delay. Of course any mention of Finland on his show was reported in the media right away. Conan is definitely "The King of Finland" as evidenced in his one hour March 10, 2006 show. Finland belonged to Conan, there was no doubt about that. Conan did pronounce Tarja's name correctly this time.
    O'Brien Story

    She is a walking contradiction, for her values are sometimes at odds with Finnish tradition. She is a pacifist yet the head of Finland's armed forces. She is head of the Church of Finland, yet doesn't go to church, being a secular humanist, socialist and globalist. Globalism, defined as increased movement of money, culture and commerce, is already making a significant impact in Finland. However it remains to be seen how much Finnish culture is exported in relation to cultural imports from especially America.

    EU apparently has a lot of say in immigration to Finland. This is one subject that most Finns feel strongly about although they can't openly express their concerns. The effects of immigration could be predicted: loss of tradition in schools and military - Christian worship in institutions. If you look at the Winter War films, you will see that the Army, almost to the man, willingly received the Lutheran prayers before going to battle, while standing in their skis. And we also know how this strong belief assisted them in defeating the enemy against all odds. Now, many Finns believe they no longer need these values. Outside values are being assessed to be as good or better than the Finnish ones. Muslims have flooded into the country from Africa and other Muslim countries, and the government is not willing to screen these people properly. Muslim extremism is brewing in Finland as it is in every other Eruopean country and America. Unfortunately Tarja Halonen has allowed many criminals to enter, which commit more than half of all violent crimes in the country, as they do in all the European countries. Muslim men rape more women in Europe than all the other nationalities combined, and are being in many cases encouraged to do so by their leaders. Spies have filmed activities in mosques that are supposed to be moderate, but are nests of extremism.

    To protect the identity of their religion, and be politically correct, media is not allowed to give away this bit of information any more. There exists the very beginnings of a peoples' rebellion against what their governments are doing to their countries ethnically. Many see the government actions as deliberate attempts to destroy their cultures for the global agenda: one world government. Finland has opened the door to pagan religions, and if continued, it will spell the end of the Finnish way of life, as it has in England and France and now gradually in America and Canada. The stated goal of the Muslims in Finland is to overturn the system to comform with Shariah Law. Arabia is the source of the funds and influence. Most countries, not wanting their oil to be cut off go along with the Islamization of western culture. This is the biggest threat to Finland since Communism. Christianity no longer wants to stand up to their values, preferring to let them slip away under strong pressure from outsiders. Muslims are more than willing to stand up for their religion and criticize other religions; political correctness doesn't bother them at all. You may not believe in a God or Christianity, but most leaders of religions other than Islam agree that the protection of Christian culture and Laws is the same as protecting freedom and democracy. When our Christianity based culture is gone, our freedoms will follow. People have a right to information to determine for themselves what they are getting themselves into. In this regard, at the moment, Islam is the most important subject Finns need to know about. Not the candy coated version, but the truth. What Oprah said about Islam.

    Finnish Immigration Policies

    Many Finns are just beginning to find out exactly what it means to be in this union, and some are having second thoughts about losing their hard fought for and won, independence. Once again, Finland and the Finnish language is in a minority position in a larger union. The Finns are generally very enthusiastic about this relationship, but not all news is positive about the EU affects on the Finnish people, especially farmers.

    The future of Finnish culture and language is daily becoming increasingly fragile. Not only is Finland engulfed in EU, but the people embrace western culture to a great extent, and in their enthusiasm to do so, have suffered linguistic and cultural decrement recently to powerful, magnetic Americanism that is readily available through all media sources. The Finnish language is unique, musical and beautiful and should always be appreciated or it may, in the near future, be lost. It has already been radically adultrated by English words. The average Finn spends 3 hours per day watching television. No wonder they are picking up these words so quickly. Perhaps there are some changes to be made... The January 2003 programming for TV2: 9 American films, 4 Finnish films and 3 other. Finland faces West, even past its EU brothers.

    Finland has a national knack for mobile communications and information technology and a vision for combining the two. Finland has the world's highest per capita cellular phone and Internet users. In fact, as of January 1999, there were more cellular phones in Finland than regular, and Nokia is now the largest cellular communications company in the world. I hope Nokia comes up with a safe cell phone.
    They even use telecommunications to do access services such as washing cars.

    Finns as seen by others throughout history - the first description is not of Finns but Lapps who used to live further south.

    Finland : A Rising Nationality, by Peter Kropotkin - 1885 observations about Finland and Finnish people. "Never having been a personal serf, he is not servile ; he always maintains his personal dignity and speaks with the same grave intonation and self-respect to a Russian Tsar as to his neighbour. A lymphatic temperament, slowness of movement and of thought, and sullen indifference have often been imputed to him."

    United States Department of State information on Finland

    Karelian/Finnish Food
    All nationalities have their specialties. The Finns make the best, and the most varieties of rye bread. Rye bread plus a few other favorites Search Recipes
    Historical background on Finnish Bread.
    And you've got to try the Karelian Pie.

    Yle Radio Finland - news/music
    Yle Radio news in Finnish
    Finnish Newspapers in Finland
    Finnish Newspapers abroad
    Etusivu Finnish Link Resource
    Finland on the Internet
    Lokarin Linkit - USA/Finnish Site
    Immigrating to Finland pdf
    Vapaa Suomi - Free Finland (Fin.)
    Learn Finnish
    Opi Suomea
    Learning Finnish links
    Finland in a nutshell.
    Finland Trade
    Finnish Customs
    Kalevala in Finnish
    Karelia Klubi
    Karelian Language Site
    Tie Karjalaan - Road to Karelia (good links)
    Site dedicated to Karelia
    Finno-Ugric and related:
    Finno-Ugrian heritage in Russia
    Uralic and Finno-Ugric Resources - Finland
    Uralic and Finno-Ugric Resources - Estonia
    Saami of Lapland
    Estonian Institute
    Learn Estonian
    Endangered Languages
    Dictionaries of the world
    Alta Vista Translator
    Intertran Text Translator
    Uralic Dictionary
    Estonian - English - Estonian Dictionary
    Comparison of Hungarian and Finnish
    Find your roots
    Genealogical Society of Finland
    Finns in America:
    Sointula B.C., Canada
    Finnish Emigration
    Finnish American Organizations
    Books about Finns

    University of Victoria, Canada CFUV 101.9 (Pirkko)
    Finnish Artist, Home
    Music Page: Karelian, Finnish and International
    Finnish Songbook

    *Links Page*

    Lähteet - Bibliography

    Paavolainen, Olavi, av. Suova, Maija, Karjala muistojen maa, WSOY, Porvoo 1991
    Jutikkala, Eino, with Kauko Pirinen, A History of Finland, Amer-Yhtymä Oy, Espoo 1979
    Patoharju, Taavi , Suomi tahtoi elää, Sanoma, Pitäjänmäki 1958
    Palmunen, Rainer, Itsenäinen Suomi, Otava, Keuruu 1987
    Zetterberg, Seppo, ja Tiita, Allan, Suomi kautta aikojen, Otava 1992
    Kuussaari, Eero, Suomen suvun tiet, F. Tilgmann Oy, Helsinki 1935
    Pratt, Roger, PEng., The Magic Hands of Antti Joronen (excerpted from Antti's memoirs, by Roger Pratt) 1985
    Lonnrot, Elias, Kalevala : The Land of the Heroes, translated by W.F. Kirby
    Estonian Institute
    Resources such as song lyrics and short miscellaneous translations, which are given free of charge for
    educational purposes, constitute "fair use" as provided for under US copyright law Section 107.
    copyright 1998 - 2007 Osmo Joronen

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