Please Read This First
An Examination of the Mormon Godhead
By Shaun Aisbitt
The purpose of this article is to look at the Mormon Godhead though the writings of Mormonism. It is written expressly for the purpose of those who would consider Mormons to be Christian, without researching the background to Mormonism. This article is written by a Bible believing Christian, with no denominational bias. It is not written to criticize or 'Bible-bash' Mormons, just to warn of their false teachings, and help us gain an insight into the Mormon's theology of the Godhead. In writing this article, I will use various Mormon writings to expound on their doctrine of the Godhead, and any other related doctrines that fall within the scope of the Godhead (eg: The Incarnation, Holy Spirit, the Trinity, God's immutability). If a discrepancy appears due to a contradictory statement expressed or taught elsewhere in their writings or their Scriptures (as there are many!)I will include both.
As the writings and doctrines of Mormonism could easily fill many large books, I have limited this article to just one area of doctrine, the doctrine of the Godhead.
I must state at this point that Mormons claim they are the only true Christians, especially to the unaware and prospects that their way is the only way, and every other church is apostate. I also purposely chose to examine Mormonism due to it's claims in section eight of it's "Articles of Faith", which state "...the Book of Mormon is also the Word of God (1)". Many of their writings they claim has the stamp of Divine Authority. Alongside these claims is their belief that the current Prophet (head of their organization) speaks on behalf of God, and his word is also regarded as Scripture. I shall let the reader see Mormonism is not a Christian denomination based on the material presented.
The founder of Mormonism, the late Prophet Joseph Smith (1805-1844) ridiculed the Trinity, believing it to be an invention of man. Whenever he preached on God, he spoke in the plural, as is evident in one of his books of Scripture the 'Book of Abraham'. He is recorded as saying in one of his public speeches:
Many say there is one God; the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost are only one God. I say that is a strange God anyhow- three in one, and one in three! It is a curious organization all are crammed into one God according to Sectarianism [Christian faith]. It would be the biggest God in all the world. He would be a wonderfully big God- he would be a giant or a monster.(2)
He further made this claim which was recorded in the Mormon Scriptures "Doctrine and Covenants" section 130:22
"The Father has a body of flesh and bones as tangible as man's; the Son also; but the Holy Ghost has not a body of flesh and bones but is a personage of spirit...Were it not so, the Holy Ghost could not dwell in us. A man may receive the Holy Ghost, and it may descend upon him, and not tarry with him.(3)"
So according to the founder of Mormonism, God has a body of flesh and bones as tangible as man's. This is a revelation to Mormons supposedly from God, as are all the prophecies prefaced in the publication 'Doctrine & Covenants'. Another revelation of Mormonism's founder appears in his recorded teachings:
"I will preach on the plurality of Gods. I have always declared God to be a distinct personage, Jesus Christ a separate and distinct personage from God the Father, and the Holy Ghost was a distinct personage and a Spirit: and these three constitute three distinct personages and three Gods"(4)
A later revelation was received by Joseph Smith's successor Brigham Young which reveals to us a little more about the God whom Mormons worship:
"Now hear it, O inhabitants of the earth, Jew and Gentile, saint and sinner, When our father Adam came into the garden of Eden, he came into it with a celestial body and brought eve, one of his wives with him. He helped to organise this world. He is our Father and our God and the only God with whom we have to do."(5)
For many years the Mormon church have denied this awesome revelation was ever given, even though it was restated as doctrine by other Mormon leaders. The Adam-God doctrine is a touchy subject to Mormons, some break-offs believe it still, though the official stance is that Brigham Young was misunderstood, or had a few of his own unique ideas. The problem is, it is a doctrine of the Mormon church that when the current prophet, or any of their past prophets speak, what proceeds out of their mouths is to be regarded as scripture!. Therefore there are some who believe still in the Adam-God doctrine. The Mormon Apostle and modern day theologian Bruce R. McConkie allows us a better insight into the Mormon view of the Godhead in his work "Mormon Doctrine" this way:
"Mormons do in fact have many gods"(4)
He further goes on to state
"Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, comprise the Godhead. As each of these persons is a God, it is evident, from this standpoint alone, that a plurality of Gods exists. To us, speaking in the proper finite sense, these three are the only Gods we worship. But in addition there is an infinite number of holy personages, drawn from worlds without number, who have passed on to exaltation and are thus gods"(5)
McConkie simply seems to say that Mormons worship three gods, a sort of tritheism, rather than Trinitarianism. His questioning of the Christian view of the Godhead, almost seems like a mockery, questioning and ridiculing the orthodox stance:
Who or what is God? Is he the incomprehensible, uncreated, immaterial nothingness described in the creeds of Christendom. A three-in-one nothingness, a spirit essence filling immensity, an incorporeal, uncreated being incapable of definition or mortal comprehension, an unknown God who does not appear to men?(6)
The current Mormon theologian James E. Talmage having studied the creeds of Christianity which speak of God having an immaterial nature had this to say:
The immateriality of God as asserted in these declarations of sectarian faith is entirely at variance with the scriptures, and absolutely contradicted by the revelations of God's person and attributes. We affirm that to deny the materiality of God's person is to deny God; for a thing without parts has no whole, and an immaterial body cannot exist. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints proclaims against the incomprehensible God, devoid of "body parts, or passions," as a thing impossible of existence, and asserts its belief in and allegiance to the true and living God of scripture and revelation.(7)
Bruce McConkie gives us a clue as to why Mormons don't agree with the orthodox definition of the Trinity, or Godhead. Included in this quote from his 'Mormon Doctrine' book, is a glimpse of the "Inspired Version" of the scriptures, as 'edited' by Joseph Smith:
False creeds teach that God is a spirit essence that fills the immensity of space and is everywhere and nowhere in particular present. In a vain attempt to support this doctrine, formulated by councils in the early days of the great apostasy, it is common for apologists to point to the statement in the King James Bible which says "God is a Spirit" (John 4:22-24). The fact is that this passage is mistranslated; instead, the correct statement, quoted in context reads: "The hour cometh, and, now is, when the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth; for the Father seeketh such to worship him. For unto such hath God promised his Spirit. And they who worship him, must worship in spirit and in truth, (Inspired Version, John 4:25-26).(8)
The Mormon belief of God the Father
At this juncture I believe the Mormon view of the Godhead get very blurred. So I have systematically divided the Mormon view of each member of the Trinity into single sections.
Regarding God the Father, Joseph Smith explained,
God Himself was once as we are now, and is an exalted man, and sits enthroned in yonder heavens! That is the great secret, if you were to see him today, you would see him like a man in form. I am going to tell you how God came to be God. We have imagined and supposed that God was God from all eternity. I will refute that idea, and take away the veil, so that you may see. He was once a man like us; yea, that God himself, the father of us all, dwelt on an earth, the same as Jesus Christ Himself did"(9)
A descendant of his, by the same name, and holding the title of Prophet, Joseph Feilding Smith went even further to reveal more about this Mormon God:
"God the Father is married and there is a Mother God"(10)
Orson Pratt, one of the original founders of Mormonism had this to say regarding the day to day business of the Mormon God:
In the Heaven where our spirits were born, there are many Gods, each one of whom has his own wife or wives which were given to him previous to his redemption, while yet in his mortal state. Each God, through his wife or wives, raises up a numerous family of sons and daughters. As soon as each God has begotten many millions of male and female spirits, he in connection with his sons, organizes a new world, after a similar order to the one we now inhabit, where he sends both the male and female spirits to inhabit tabernacles of flesh and bones. The inhabitants of each world are required to reverence, adore and worship their own personal father who dwells in the Heaven which they formerly inhabited.(11)
So to summarise this section on God the Father of the Mormons, God has a body of flesh and bones, and wasn't always eternal, but is an exalted man. His name is Elohim, and was possibly at one stage Adam. There are many other Gods with him. He is married, possibly with many wives, and has had millions of spirit children. He organized (NB: He Didn't 'Create') the planet earth, and populated it with these spirit children.
The Mormon Jesus
At this point I believe it is necessary to look at the Mormon doctrines regarding Jesus. Brigham Young second prophet of the church stated:
"The birth of the Saviours was a natural as are the births of our children; it was the result of natural action. He partook of flesh and blood, was begotten of his Father, as we were of our father"(12)
Note the plural 'Saviours', no clues are given for this wording. Further revelations come from Mormon Apostle Bruce McConkie where he explains:
"And Christ was born into the world as a literal Son this Holy Being; he was born in the same personal, real, and literal sense that any mortal son is born to a mortal father. He was begotten, conceived and born in the normal and natural course of events. There is nothing figurative about his paternity; for he is the Son of God, and that designation means what it says"(13)
In the same work he also states:
"Christ was begotten by an Immortal Father in the same way that mortal men are begotten by mortal fathers"(14)
The question that begs to be asked is "Was Jesus even born of a virgin?", according to these quotes, God 'procreated' him in the normal sense of the word. Who was His mother, Mary or some unknown God-Mother?. Apparently Jesus was not the only Son of God, in fact He is the brother of Lucifer according to Milton Hunter of the LDS First Council of the Seventy.
"The appointment of Jesus to be the Saviour of the world was contested by one of the other sons of God. He was called Lucifer, son of the morning. Haughty, ambitious, and covetous of power and glory, this spirit-brother of Jesus desperately tried to become the Saviour of mankind"(15)
This Mormon Jesus was also polygamously married and 'procreated' according to Orson Hyde, one of the original founders and witnesses to the Book of Mormon:
"I discover that some of the Eastern papers represent me as a great blasphemer, because I said, in my lecture on Marriage, at our last Conference, that Jesus Christ was married at Cana of Galilee, that Mary, Martha, and others were his wives, and that he begat children. All that I have to say in reply to that charge is this - they worship a Saviour that is too pure and holy to fulfil the commands of his Father. I worship one that is just pure and holy enough 'to fulfil all righteousness;' not only the righteous law of baptism, but the still more righteous and important law 'to multiply and replenish the earth.' Startle not at this! for even the Father himself honoured that law by coming down to Mary, without a natural body, and begetting a son; and if Jesus begat children, he only 'did that which he had seen his Father do"(16)
Where are these children of Jesus'?. Does He have anyone who claims to be a descendent of Him?. Joseph Smith's successor Brigham Young also made this claim when he explained:
"This same truth is borne out by the Saviour. Said he, when talking to his disciples:`He that hath seen me hath seen the Father;' and, `I and my Father are one.' The Scripture says that He, the Lord, came walking in the Temple, with His train; I do not know who they were, unless His wives and children"(17)
Why do Mormon teachers teach this about Jesus?. The answer lies in the Mormon scriptures where no-one can be exalted to "eternal lives" without being married in this lifetime (Doctrine & Covenants 132:7, 13, 15-16, 19-22). And that had to include the Mormon Jesus.
Now on to the reason Jesus came, to redeem mankind through His sacrifice on the Cross according to the Bible. Unfortunately the extent of Jesus' atonement for sins is not enough for the Mormons. The Mormons have an ineffectual sacrifice in Christ Jesus, according to Joseph Feilding Smith, 10th Prophet of the church:
"But man may commit certain grievous sins - according to his light and knowledge - that will place him beyond the reach of the atoning blood of Christ. If then he would be saved he must make sacrifice of his own life to atone - so far as in his power lies - for that sin, for the blood of Christ alone under certain circumstances will not avail. Do you believe this doctrine? If not, then I do say you do not believe in the true doctrine of the atonement of Christ!"(18)
Thus, in Mormon theology, Jesus is not the final and sole provider of salvation. This doctrine elevates the blood of the worst of sinners above the blood of Christ. He further gives us an insight into the mystery of Jesus' incarnation, and why Jesus' sacrifice wasn't really enough:
The Saviour did not have a fullness [of deity] at first, but after he received his body and the resurrection all power was given unto him both in heaven and on earth Although he was a God, even the Son of God, with power and authority to create this earth and other earths, yet there were some things lacking in which he did not receive until after his resurrection. In other words, he had not received the fullness until he got a resurrected body.(19)
Can Mormons actually say this is the same Jesus of the Bible?. This Mormon Jesus cannot be the sinless sacrifice for mankind if He sinned, and He did according to Orson Hyde's quote. And if the Fullness of Deity did not dwell in Him bodily, then how much of deity did actually dwell in Him?.
The Mormon Holy Spirit / Holy Ghost
We now turn to the Holy Spirit, or as in Mormon belief, the doctrines of the Holy Spirit and the Holy Ghost. In Mormonism a distinction is drawn between the Holy Ghost and the Holy Spirit. I quote for further clarification Mormon President Joseph Feilding Smith as published in Bruce McConkie's Mormon Doctrine, regarding the churches understanding of the difference between the Holy Spirit and the Holy Ghost:
"The Holy Spirit is not a person but rather an impersonal force. The Holy Ghost as a personage of Spirit can no more be omnipresent in person than can the Father or the Son. It is not the Holy Ghost who in person lighteth every man who is born into the world, but it is the light of Christ, the Spirit of truth, which proceeds from the source of intelligence, which permeates all nature, which lighteth every man and fills the immensity of space. You may call it the Spirit of God, you may call it the influence of God's intelligence, you may call it the substance of his power; no matter what it is called, it is the spirit of intelligence that permeates the universe and gives to the spirits of men understanding, The Spirit of God which emanates from Deity may be likened to electricity, which fills the earth and the air, and is everywhere present"(20)
McConkie further stated in his volume on Mormon Doctrine:
"The Holy Ghost is the third member of the Godhead. He is a Personage of Spirit, a Spirit Person, a Spirit Man, a Spirit Entity. He can be in only one place at one time, and he does not and cannot transform himself into any other form or image than that of the Man whom he is"(21)
Thus, according to Mormon theology, the Holy Ghost is a personage of spirit who is not omnipresent; rather, He is a deity capable of being in only one place at one time. The Holy Spirit, frequently used in many Mormon writings interchangeably with the terms Spirit of the Lord, Spirit of God, Spirit of Truth, Spirit of Christ, Light of Christ, etc., is an inanimate force - likened to electricity - which itself has no thought, compassion or sense of holy purpose, but as a power is employed by the Holy Ghost to accomplish His purposes. This power or force is said to be everywhere present, much like "the Force" in the Star Wars movies, thus allowing the Mormon's finite Holy Ghost to exert His influence throughout the universe. Our last quote regarding the Mormon Holy Ghost gives us an insight of the function of the Holy Ghost. The Mormon author and authority on Mormon Scriptures James Talmage, asserts that the Holy Ghost is the sole possession of the Mormon higher priesthood of Melchizedek to confer as they choose:
The Holy Ghost may be regarded as the minister of the Godhead, carrying into effect the decisions of the Supreme Council [of Gods]. The power of the Holy Ghost is thespirit of prophecy and revelation. God grants the gift of the Holy Ghost unto the obedient, the authority to so bestow the Holy Ghost belongs only to the higher or Melchizedek Priesthood.(22)
So the Holy Ghost is a person, regarded as the minister of the Godhead, and limited to the personal space that a human may have. His 'influence' is the Holy Spirit, also known as the spirit of prophecy and revelation, which isn't a person but just what it says, an 'influence'.
Mankind's relationship to the Godhead
Lastly, in order to understand the Mormon's God's relationship to man, and man's relationship to the Mormon God, I believe these quotes will help to enlighten the reader. Bruce McConkie pulls back the veil of uncertainty regarding man's pre-existence with God, and his being born as a 'spirit child' or the term Mormon theologians use 'atman':
Spirit entities as such, in their organized form as the off-spring of Deity, have not existed as long as God has, for he is their Father, and he begat them as spirits. Thus, there are two principals: 1) That "man was also in the beginning with God," meaning that the spirits of men were created, begotten, and organized, that they came into being as spirits at the time of their spirit birth; and 2) That "intelligence, or the light of truth, was not created or made, neither can be" (D&C, 93:29), meaning that spirit element, "the intelligence of spirits, 'the substance from which they were created as entities, has always existed and is as eternal as God himself.'"(23)
The Mormon Prophet Lorenzo Snow when asked to sum up Mormonism and man's destiny gave this quote in the Mormon monthly magazine 'Ensign':
"As man now is, God once was; as God now is, man may be."(24)
This means that every worthy married male, according to the standards of Mormonism, will become a god and rule over their own planet. But what about the women? That question was answered by Joseph Fielding Smith, tenth prophet of the Church, when he spoke of Man's salvation or exaltation as it is called in Mormonism.
"The Father has promised us that through our faithfulness we shall be blessed with the fullness of his kingdom. In other words we will have the privilege of becoming like him. To become like him we must have all the powers of godhood; thus a man and his wife when glorified will have spirit children who eventually will go on an earth like this one we are on and pass through the same kind of experiences, being subject to mortal conditions, and if faithful, then they also will receive the fullness of exaltation and partake of the same blessings. There is no end to this development; it will go on forever. We will become gods and have jurisdiction over world, and these world will be peopled by our own offspring. We will have an endless eternity for this"(25)
So Mormon faithful's are to become gods, with full godly powers, god-wives and associated attributes of godhood according to the Mormon definition of God. On a personal note, I do recall if I'm not mistaken, a serpent telling Eve that she and her husband Adam would become like gods, if they would just ignore God's commands and follow his (the serpents) suggestions, seems like the devil never really changes his script.
To conclude this article, I would like to review and summarise the major points of Mormonism's Godhead. I draw no conclusions, I leave such a task to the reader, to decide if Mormonism can be regarded as Orthodox Christianity.
1. There is no Trinity, just three Gods who work together to rule over this planet.
2. God the Father has a body of flesh and bones, was a man at one stage, and has God-wives. He brought Jesus into being through normal procreation with one of his God-wives, and when it was time for Jesus to come to earth, he procreated with Jesus' natural earth mother, Mary.
3. Jesus was polygamously married and had children. He is the spirit brother of Lucifer, the Devil. His blood, shed on the cross is not effectual for some sins. He didn't have the fullness of deity while here on earth, he earned that later.
4. The Holy Spirit is a force or influence, guided by the Holy Ghost. The Holy Ghost is not omnipresent, rather he limited to personal space as occupied by a person.
5. Man, if he becomes a Mormon and fulfills his duties diligently, will become a god, with god wives. They will procreate millions of spirit children who will help to form and populate their own planet for all eternity.
1Smith, Joseph: Articles of Faith: Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints 1981
2Smith, Joseph F. The Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1984 ed (p.372)
3Smith, Joseph. Doctrine and Covenants. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1990.
4Smith, Joseph F. The Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1984 ed.(P.370)
5Brigham Young: Journal of Discourses Vol.6 pg.50 : Desert Book Company / Salt Lake City, UT. 1992 (Reprint)
4McConkie, Bruce R. Mormon Doctrine. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1977.
6McConkie, Bruce. The Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, Matthew - Revelation. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1976-1977 (3 Vols.) (Vol.2 p.113)
7Talmage, James E. A Study of the Articles of Faith. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1977. (P.48)
8McConkie, Bruce R. Mormon Doctrine. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1977. (P.318)
9Smith, Joseph F. History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Salt Lake City, UT: Desert Book Company, 1973. 8.Vols. (Vol.6 P.305)
10Smith, Joseph F. Answers to Gospel Questions. Compiled by Joseph Feilding Smith Jr. Salt Lake City, UT: Desert Book Company, 1976. 4 Vols. (Vol.3 pp 143-144)
11Pratt, Orson. The Seer. Washington, DC. Photo Reprints, 1853-1854. (Pp.37-38)
12Young, Brigham. Journal of Discourses. London: Latter-Day Saints' Book Depot, 1854-56 8 Vols. (Vol.8 P.115)
13McConkie, Bruce: Mormon Doctrine, (p.742)
15Hunter, Milton R. The Gospel Through the Ages. Salt Lake City, UT: Desert Book Company, 1958. (P.15)
16Hyde, Orson. Journal of Discourses. London: Latter-Day Saints' Book Depot, 1854-56 (Vol.2 P.210)
17Young, Brigham. Journal of Discourses. London: Latter-Day Saints' Book Depot, 1862-66 (Vol.13 P.309)
18Smith, Joseph F. Doctrines of Salvation: Sermons and Writings of Joseph Feilding Smith, Compiled by Bruce R. McConkie. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft (3 Vols.) (Vol.1, Pg.134)
19Smith, Joseph F. Doctrines of the Gospel: Student Manual. Salt Lake City, UT: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1986 (Texts for Religion pp.231-232)
20McConkie, Bruce. Mormon Doctrine. (pp. 752-753)
22Talmage, James E. The Articles of Faith. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1982 (p.160)
23McConkie, Mormon Doctrine, (p.77)
24Snow, Lorenzo. Ensign. Salt Lake City, UT: Desert News Press. (February 1982 pp.39-40)
25Smith, Joseph F. Doctrines of Salvation: Sermons and Writings of Joseph Feilding Smith, Compiled by Bruce R. McConkie. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft (3 Vols.) (Vol.2, Pg.48)
John Ankerberg, John Weldon. Behind the Mask of Mormonism. Eugine, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers 1992
Josh McDowell, Don Stewart. Concise Guide to Today's Religions. Hearts, UK: Scripture Press Foundation. 1992
Ron Rhodes, Marian Bodine. Reasoning from the Scriptures with the Mormons. Eugine, Oregon: Harvest House Publishers 1995
Walter Martin. Kingdom of the Cults. Minneapolis, Minnesota: Bethany House Publishers. 1985 (36th ed.)
Primary Source Mormon Publications:
Bruce R. McConkie (comp). Doctrines of Salvation: Sermons and Writings of Joseph Feilding Smith, Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft (3 Vols.) n.d
________________ Mormon Doctrine. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1977
________________The Doctrinal New Testament Commentary, Matthew - Revelation. Salt Lake City, UT: Bookcraft, 1976-1977 (3 Vols.)
Brigham Young. Journal of Discourses. London: Latter-Day Saints' Book Depot,
James E. Talmage A Study of the Articles of Faith. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1977.
______________The Articles of Faith. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1982
Joseph Smith. Articles of Faith: Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints 1981
___________ Doctrine and Covenants. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1990.
Joseph Feilding Smith Jr. (Comp.) Answers to Gospel Questions. Salt Lake City, UT: Desert Book Company, 1976. 4 Vols.
Joseph Feilding Smith. Doctrines of the Gospel: Student Manual. Salt Lake City, UT: CHURCH of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1986 (Texts for Religion Series, Brigham Young University)
__________________History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Salt Lake City, UT: Desert Book Company, 1973. 8.Vols.
__________________ The Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith. Salt Lake City, UT: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 1984
Lorenzo Snow. Ensign. Salt Lake City, UT: Deseret News Press.
Milton R. Hunter The Gospel Through the Ages. Salt Lake City, UT: Desert Book Company, 1958.
Orson Pratt. The Seer. Washington, DC. Photo Reprints, 1853-1854.
This article was originally written as a research paper. You are free to add a link to it. You are free to print it for your own personal use. Any mass printing or publishing requires the author's permission. Any enquiry's about cults, please contact me or a good cult research organization run by Christians. (eg:Reachout Trust, McGregor Ministries, Watchman Expositor)
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