Komi

 


Sobiet Batasuna zeneko taula gehiago hemen, ikus bereziki hizkuntza uralikoak.
Izenak transliteratuak ageri dira hemen: Errusierazkoak eta Komi-Zirian izenak Alphabet Street ataleko taulen arabera, Komi-Permiak izenak Ott Kurs gure laguntzaileak emandako formetan. Zeinu diakritiko bereziak honela ageri dira, ASR sistemarekin adieraziak:
c< z´ [caron] [acute]
 

Check other tables from the former Soviet Union specially that for Uralic languages. Names appear transliterated here: Russian and Zyryan-Komi following our schemes at the Alphabet Street section, Komi-Permyak as transcribed by our collaborator Ott Kurs. The following signs are written in ASR system:
c< z´ [caron] [acute]
 

Komi

Komi izeneko bi talde daude ezagutua Errusian, berezko Komiak edo Ziriandarrak Komi Errepublikan, eta Komi-Permiak direlakoak, Komi-Permiak Barruti Autonomoan, hegoalderago. Bereizketa hau 1923an ezarri zen eta bi estandar idatzi desberdinen bidez ofizialdu zen. Horrek ezer onik ekarri duen zalantzazkoa da: Komi-Permiaken kasuan, hizkuntza zapalkuntzaren ondorioz, hizkuntza literario bat dute orain literaturarik gabe. Komi Errepublikan zertxobait gehiago bultzatu dute hizkuntza, baina Errusiarren kolonizazio geldiezinak irentsi behar ditu azken Komiak.
 

Komi

They are two groups called Komi in Russia, the Komi proper or Zyrian of the Komi Republic and the Komi-Permyak of the Komi-Permyak Autonomous District. These distinction of dialects or national groups was made official in 1923 and the two dialectal forms were stablished with different writting standards. Anyway, total official disregard has led to the sad reality of a literary language with no literature, as the case of Komi-Permyak shows. In the Komi Republic there has been a more kind attitude towards the language, but the republic is being colonised unstoppably by Russian migrants.
 


Komi Errepubilka (Zirian)

Zirian edo berezko Komiak bizi dira Komi Errepublikan (415.900 km2, hiriburua Syktyvkar) eta inguruetan. 1989 an 291.500 Komi ziren beren Errepublikan, 336,400 guztira (hiztunak %76.1). Errusiarren migrazio masiboak gutxiengo bihurtu ditu. 1926an %85 ziren beren herrian, 1989an soilik %23. Vorkuta bezalako gune industrualetan %1 inguru. Komi Errepublika izan da lehen eskualde Fino-Ugriarra Errusian non hizkuntzak ofizialtasuna lortu duen Errusieraren pare. Ikusteko dago horrek mintzaira benetan indartuko duen.
 

Komi Republic (Zyryan)

The Zyryan Komis or simply Zyryans live in the Republic of Komi (415,900 sq. km., capital city Syktyvkar) and in the surrounding regions, on the Kola Peninsula, in the Nenets Autonomous District of the Archangelsk Province and in many different places in Siberia. In the upper reaches of the Kama river live the Kirov Permyaks of Zyuzdin Komis. In 1989 there were 291,500 Komis in their republic, 336,400 in total (speakers 76.1%). Massive immigration of Russians to the Komi territory has reduced them to a minority. In 1926 they were 85%, in 1989, just 23%. In industrial centers like Vorkuta they are 1%. The Komi Republic has been the first Finno-Ugrian area of Russia where the local language was instituted as the official language parallelly with Russian. It is not clear it this will inforce the language enough.
 

* Errusieraz / * Russian

* Komi

*Komi Respublika

*Komi Respublika

Abez'

Abezj

Adz'vavom

Adz´va

Ajjuva

Ajjuva

Bol's<aja Pyssa

Pyzjdïn

C<ersdyn'

C<ördïn (C<erdïn)

Inta

Inta

Iz<ma

Izjva

Jaks<a

Jaks<a

Kadz<erom

Ködz<örem

Kaz<im

Kaz<ym

Kedvavom

Kedvavom

Knjaz<pogost

Njazjpogost (Viz)

Kodzvil'

Ködzvyv

Kojgorodok

Kojgort

Kokul'kar

Kökuljkar

Kos'javom

Koss"javom

Kos'ju

Koss"ja

Koz<im

Köz<im

Koz<va

Köz<va

Lal'sk

Ljaj

Lem'yu

Ljöm"ju

Letka

Ljetka

Lopydino

Lopdïn

Mes'yu

Mös"ju

Mikun'

Mikunj

Mordino

Mordïn

Niz<njaja Voc<'

Voc< (Ulys Voc<)

Pec<ora

Pec<öra

Pec<ora [river]

Pec<öra (Pec<era)

Pomozdino

Pomösdïn

Poz<eg

Poz<ög

Sol'vyc<egorsk

Sovdor

Sord'ju

Sord"ju

Syktyvkar

Syktyvkar

Troicko Pec<orsk

Myldïn

Uhta

Ukva

Usa [river]

Usva

Ust'-Cil'ma

C<ilimgin (C<ilimdïn)

Ust'-Ilyc<

Ilyc<dïn

Ust'-Kulom

Kulömdïn

Ust'-S<c<ugor

Ts<ugör (Ts<ugur)

Ust'-Usa

Usvavom

Ust'-Vym'

Jemdïn

Veslyana

Vesl"jana

Vezdino

Vizdïn

Vis

Vis

Vizinga

Vizin

Vojvoz<

Vojvoz<

Vorkuta

Vörkuta

Voz<ajel'

Voz<ajolj

Vuktyl

Vuktyl


 

Komi-Permiak

Komi-Permiak herria Komi-Permiak Barruti Autonomouan bizi dira, Perm probintzian eta inguruan (Yazva Komi izeneko taldea kontuan hartuz gero, adibidez). Barrutiak 32.900 km2 ditu eta hiriburua Kudymkar da. 1989an 95.400 Komi bizi ziren Barrutian eta 152.000 Errusia osoan. in the AD and 152.000 in all Russia. Barrutian %61.4 ziren 1989. Hizkuntza zeharo baztertuta dago eskualde honetan, nahiz eta jatorriko etniakoak gehiengoa izan.
 

 

Komi-Permyak

The Permyak Komis live in the Komi-Permian Autonomous District (32,900 sq. km., capital city Kudymkar) of the Perm Province, and around. The Permyak Komis include also the Yazva Komis or Krasnovishersk Permyaks, who live in the north-western part of the Perm Province. In 1989 there were 95,400 Komis in the AD and 152.000 in all Russia. In the AD they were 61.4% of the population in 1989. The presence of Komi-Permyak in everyday life, education or elsewhere is very limited in the AD.
 

* Errusieraz / * Russian

* Komi

* Komi-Permjackij avtonomnyj okrug

* Komi-Permjacköj avtononöj okrug

Adovo [lake]

Vadty / Vaty

Arhangel'skoe

Karpov

Beloevo

Beloev

Bol's<aja Serva

Ydz<yt Ser

Bol's<aja-Koc<a

Ydz<yt Koc<a

Buz<dom

Buz<döm

Buz<dym

Buz<dym

C<ekolaeva

Sjakavaj

C<uraki

C<urak

C<urtan

C<urtan

Ëgva

Jög

Ëgva [river]

Jögva

Èrna

Örna

Gajny

Gajna

Galjas<or

Galjas<or

Gavrilova

Vylis' S<örjög

Gènès<

Gönös<

Golubkova

Vup

In'va [river]

In'va

Jukseevo

Juks'ov

Jum

Jum

Jurino

Jurinc<i

Jus'va

Jus'va

Keros

Kerös

Koc<evo

Köc<

Kosa

Kös / Nyröv

Kosa [river]

Kösva

Kudymkar

Kudymkar

Kupros

Kuprös

Kuva

Kuva

Larina

Varin

Lëvkoz<

Lëvkoz<

Ljampino

Ljampin

Logina

Vogin

Lunym

Lunym

Malaja Sidorova

Uc<öt Sidör

Maraty

Maraty

Myj

Myj

Novaja Gus<c<ina

Vil' Gus<c<in

Nyrob

Nyryb

Odan'

Odan'

Onyl

Onyl

Os<ib

Os<yb

Otevo

Otëv

Parma

Parma

Pel'min-Bor

Pel'minbor

Perm'

Perem

Pes<nigort

Pes<nigort

Poz<

Poz<

Poz<va

Poz<va

Pugvin-Mys

Pugvinmys

Puksib

Puksipi

S<arvol'

S<örvol'

Sëjva

Sëjva

Sërva

Sërva

Sjuz'va

Sjuz'va

Solym

Solym

Staraja Kuz'va

Kuzzju

Tys<er

Tys<or

Ust'-Kokol'

Ust'-Kokol'

Ust'-Silajka

Ust'-Silajka

Velva-Baza

Velva-Baza

Verh-In'va

Verh-In'va

Verh-Kosa

Verh-Kosa

Verh-Lël'

Verh-Lël'

Verh-Nën'

Verh-Nën'

Zjuzdino

Dzuz'din

 
Laguntzaileak / Informers: Ott Kurs & Thomas Tvegaard
Eguneratua / Updated: 1997-11-23
 

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