Tuva
Tyva

Tuvan / Tofalar

In this page, information and placenames from two Turkic languages of Russian Siberia: Tuvan and Tofalar. Check other tables from the former Soviet Union.

Names appear transliterated from their Cyrillic scripts here (check the Alphabet Street section). Standard international transliterations are used for Russian. For Tuvan and Tofalar, we have used this table below.

Orri honetan Errusiako Siberiako hizkuntza turkiar biren gaineko informazioa; Tuvinera eta Tofalar. Sobiet Batasuna zeneko taula gehiago hemen.
 
Izenak transliteratuak ageri dira hemen (ikus Alphabet Street). Errusiera, nazioarteko estandarren arabera. Tuvinera (eta Tofalar hizkuntzarako) beheko taula hori erabili dugu.


Tuva

The Republic of Tuva in the Russian Federation is the former Tannu Tuva, a country in south Siberia absorbed by the former USSR in 1944. Before that, since 1924, Tuva was nominally independent. The region was previously known by the Mongolian name Uriankhai. Of 308,000 inhabitants, 64% are Tuvan and about 32 % Russian. The capital is Kyzyl. Tuvans speak a Turkic language (Tuvan) and are mainly Buddhists, culturally linked to the Mongols. There are also Tuvan minorities in Mongolia (24,700 or 1.3% of the total population in 1985) and around 400 people in China (1990). We have a couple of placenames for Mongolia below.

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Tyva

Errusiako Federazioko Tuva Errepublika garai bateko Tannu Tuva da, Siberia hegoaldeko herrialde bat, Sobiet Batasunak bereganatua 1944an. Hori baino lehen, Tuva independentea ei zen 1924tik. Lehenago oraindik, Mongoliari lotua zegoen, eta Uriankhai izena zuen. 308,000 biztanletatik %64 jatorrizko tuvarrak dira, eta %32 errusiarrak. Hiriburua Kizil da. Tuvarren hizkuntza, tuvinera, mintzaira turkiarra da nahiz eta mongolei lotuak dauden kulturalki. Erlijioz budistak dira. Txinan (1990ean 400 lagun) eta Mongolian ere (1985ean 24.700 pertsona, populazioaren %1.3) badira tuvar gutxiengoak. Mongoliako toki izen gutxi batzuk ere baditugu behean.

Russian

Tuvan

* Tuva

* Tyva

* Tuvinskaja Respublika

* Tyva Respublika

Ak-Dovurak

Ak-Dovurak

Baj-Haak

Baj-Haak

Balgazyn

Balgazyn

Bol'soj Jenisej / Bij-Hem [ibaia / river]

Bii-Hem

Bora-Tajga

Bora-Tajga

Caa-Hol'

Caa-Höl

Cadan

Cadaana

Cirgalandy

Cyrgalandy

Erzin

Èrzin

Handagajty

Handagajty

Hrebet Tannu Ola [mendiak / mts.]

Tandy-Uula / Tandy syny

Kungurtug

ngürtü

Kyzyl

Kyzyl

Kyzyl-Mazalyk

Kyzyl-Mazalyk

Malyj Jenisej (Ka-Hem) [ibaia / river]

Kaa-Hem

Naryn

Naryn

Sagonar

Sagaan-Aryg

Samagaltaj

Samagaldaj

Saryg-Sep

Saryg-Sep

Sevi

Sevi

Systyg-Hem

Systyg-Hem

Tannu-Ola [mendiak / mountains]

Tandy syny / Tandy-Uula

Teli

Tèèli

Tes-Hem [ibaia / river]

Tes-Hem

Turan

Turan

Ujuk

Öök

Ust'-Elegest

Ëleges-Aksy

Tuvinera Mongolian / Tuvan in Mongolia

Mongol

Tuvan

Xovd

Homdu

Cagaan gol

Ak hem

Xargantyn gol

Harangyty / Haraty / Harat hemi



Tofalar

Tofalar or Karagas is a Turkic language spoken in Siberia by a tiny minority of perhaps 500 speakers or so. It is linguistically and geographically close to Tuvan, spoken north of Tuva, in the northern side of the Sayan mountains. Other names for this language and group are: Toga, Kamas, Sayan Samoyed...

 

 

Tofalar

Tofalar edo Karagas hizkuntza Siberiako mintzaira turkiar bat da, gutxiengo txiki baten hizkuntza (500 hiztun edo?). Linguistikoki eta geografikoki Tuvineratik gertun dago. Tuvatik iparraldera mintzatzen da, Saian mendien iparraldean. Talde honek jaso dituen beste izen batzuk: Toga, Kamas, Saian Samoiedoak...

Russian

Tofalar

Beloe ozero

Akkol

Bols<aja recka

Uluoy

reka Krasnaja

Kysyl-tasty-oy

reka Sosnovaja

Aaroy

rucej Sergeevskeij

Haaktoy



Mapak / Maps

Mapak beste leiho batean irekiko zaizkizu.
Maps will open in a new window.

Tuva: Kokapena
Tuva: Location

Tuva independenteko seilu bat mapa batekin
A stamp of the time when Tuva was independent


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