This page does not represent a definitive and exhaustive analysis of
Spanish pronunciation but rather is intended as an introduction,
directing the beginner towards a close proximation of the sounds of
The sounds on this page represent Castillian Spanish pronunciation
(The Spanish spoken in Spain). I will be including Mexican pronunciations
where appropriate at a later date.
Click on the Spanish words to hear them
-- always pronounced ah, as in father
( Spanish example:
-- always pronounced as a short e, as in best, ten, dress
--always pronounced ee, as in feet, wheel, bee
( Spanish example
--always pronounced as a short o, as in doctor, but with the lips
a little more rounded. It is always a pure vowel with no trace of the
u sound (dipthong) which is present in the English
pronunciation of 'no'.
(Spanish example: doctor)
--always pronounced oo, as in fool, pool.
(Spanish example: uno)
--Similar to the English 'b' but less plosive; between vowels it is
pronounced very softly so that the lips touch only slightly.
(Spanish example: bebida)
--As in English, before a, o and u
it is pronounced as a K, as in can
Before e or i the c is pronounced as an s as in cent. In Spain the C
before e and i is pronounced 'th'.
(Spanish example: ciudad)
-- Pronounced very similar to the cc in accident
(Spanish example: accidente
-- Similar to the English 'd' in 'bed' but with the tongue further forward;
between vowels or as the last letter of a word it is pronounced very softly
similar to the th in the
(Spanish example: ciudad)
-- Before A, O or U it is pronounced as the G in get
-- Before E or I it is pronounced like the English H but more emphatic.
(Spanish example: general)
-- Always silent in Spanish. Hotel is pronounced otel
(Spanish example: hotel)
Always pronounced like the English H but more emphatic
(Spanish example: jalapeño )
Always pronounced as the Y in yes.
(Spanish example: ella )
-- This Spanish character is pronounced NY as in canyon
(Spanish example: español )
-- Slightly trilled
(Spanish example: hora )
When it is the first letter of a word it is strongly trilled.
(Spanish example: Costa Rica )
-- Always strongly trilled.
(Spanish example: arroz)
--In Spain and many parts of South America there is no difference
between the 'v' and the 'b'
(Spanish example: video)
-pronounced as the English Y except when it stands alone
(y is Spanish for and)
then it is pronounced ee as in tree
(Spanish example: cinco y media
-- In South America the 'z' is pronounced as the English S; in Spain the 'z'
is closer to the 'th' in the English word, 'bath'
(Spanish example: diez)
-- pronounced ke as in kept
(Spanish example: ¿Que pasa?)
--pronounced kee as in keep
(Spanish example: quince )
-- pronounced ge as in guest, and get
(Spanish example: gueto )
-- pronounced gee as in geese
(Spanish example: guitarra )
The remaining letters are pronounced as they are in English
with only very slight variations.
A special 'gracias' to
Catulo of Spain, for recording the sounds on this page.