GYMNASTIC TERMS


Aerial:Any gymnastic skill that is performed without the hands touching the floor, such as an aerial cartwheel or aerial walkover.

Back handspring:A back flip of the body onto both hands, with both legs following as a pair. The gymnast begins and ends in a standing position.

Back somersault:A backward roll on the floor or beam, with knees in the tucked position. (The aerial version of this move is called a back salto.)

Back walkover:A move made from a back-arch (or a bridge) position, bringing one foot, then the other, down toward the front. Similar to a back handspring but using smoother, more controlled movements, with arms and legs moving one at a time rather than in pairs.

Cartwheel:An easy move, in which the hands are placed on the ground sideways, one after the other, with each leg following. Arms and legs should be straight.

Double back:Two consecutive back flips; can be done in a tuck, pike, or layout position.

Double twist:A single layout flip with two twists. Likewise, a triple twist is a single layout flip with three twists.

Flyaway:A bar dismount in which the gymnast swings down from the high bar and lets go to do a flip backwards before landing.

Front handspring:A foward flip onto both hands, with both legs following as a pair. The gymnast begins and ends in a standing position.

Front hip pullover:A mount used on the uneven parallel bars. The body is supported on the hands, the hips resting on either bar. Usually combined with a hip circle.

Front pike somersault:A forward somersault in which the knees are kept straight.

Front or forward somersault:A forward body roll on the floor or beam, with knees in the tucked position. (The aerial form of this move is called a salto.)

Front split:A split in which one leg is forward, one back.

Front walkover:A move made from a front-split handstand position, bringing one foot, then the other, down toward the back. Similar to a front handspring but using smoother, more controlled movements, with arms and legs moving one at a time rather than in pairs.

Full-twisting double back:A double back with a full twist on either the first (full-in) or the second (full-out) flip.

Giant Swing:A move in which the gymnast swings all the way around the high bar with a completely outstrecthed body.

Gienger:A move in which the gymnast swings all the way around the high bar with a completely outstrecthed body.

Handstand:A move performed by supporting the body on both hands, with the arms straight and the body vertical.

Hip circle:A move made by circling either bar of the uneven parallel bars with the hips touching the bar. If the hips do not touch the bar, the move is called a clear hip circle.

Layout:Extension of the body to its full length, usually during an aerial move.

Miller:A beam maneuver in which the gymnast does a back dive with a quarter twist to handstand followed by a half pirouette. Invented by Shannon Miller (United States).

Pak salto:A move in which the gymnast releases the high bar, flips backward, and catches the low bar. Invented by Gyong Sil Pak (North Korea).

PikeA position in which the legs are straight and together with a bend at the waist.

Roundoff:Similar to a cartwheel, but with a half-twist, and the legs standing together in a pair. The gymnast ends facing the direction she started from.

RudiA one-and-a-half-twisting front flip.

Salto:A somersault.

Shaposhnikova:A free hip circle after which the gymnast lets go of the low bar and grabs the high bar. Invented by Natalia Shaposhnikova (USSR).

Somi-and-a-half:Another way of saying one and a half somersault.

Sticking:Refers to a dismount or final move that is performed without taking additional steps.

Straddle:A position in which the gymnast's legs are far apart at each side.

Straddle split:A split with legs out at each side. This move is used in all four women's events.

Straddle swing:A swing movement on the uneven parrallel bars in which the legs are extended at each side.

Swedish Fall:A move in which a gymnast does a free-fall drop straight onto the ground, with hands shooting out at the last second.

Tkatchev (or reverse hecht):A bar release move in which the gymnast swings around the bar, lets go just before reaching a handstand, straddles or pikes his or her legs while flying over the bar, then leans forward to regrasp the bar. Invented by Alexander Tkatchev (USSR).

Tsukahara:A vault in which the gymnast does a half turn onto the vault followed by a back flip. Invented by Alexander Tkatchev (USSR).

Tuck:A position in which both knees are bent and brought up to the chest to form a ball with the body.

Whip back:A back handspring without the hands touching the floor.

Yurchenko:A vault in which a roundoff is done onto the springboard followed by a back handspring onto the vault and a back flip. Invented by Natalia Yurchenko (USSR).


BACK TO HOME