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Archaeologists campaigning for the environment

UK archaeology under threat - sorted by date

Threat

Place

Date

Description

Railways

London

22 Feb 2000

Jubilee Line extension finds archaeology on track

The Jubilee Line underground (subway) extension in London has found interesting archaeology on the sites of new stations at Stratford, London Bridge, and Westminster:

Stratford: http://www.londontransport.co.uk/jubilee/arch_01.htm

London Bridge: http://www.londontransport.co.uk/jubilee/arch_02.htm

Westminster: http://www.londontransport.co.uk/jubilee/arch_03.htm

Development

Merseyside

01 Dec 1999

Green belt archaeology under threat in Halewood

In Halewood near Liverpool, the North West Development Agency plans to release a 600 acre section of greenbelt land for industrial use. Evidence collected has shown that there were Prehistoric/Mesolithic and Bronze age settlements in the site with flint scatters found across the proposed development site. Plus the possibility of an Iron Age/Romano British enclosure.

Halewood Environmental Land Protection (HELP) campaign: http://www.help-halewood.co.uk

Archaeological impacts: http://www.help-halewood.co.uk/archaeologyframes.htm

Leisure development

Gloucestershire

01 Dec 1999

Multiplex cinema would destroy "all evidence of important medieval buildings" in Gloucester

A public inquiry into a multiplex cinema and leisure complex at Gloucester docks heard from archaeologist John Rhodes (Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society) that, under current plans, the most important site for the study of medieval urban buildings currently available in the city would be destroyed.

This is Gloucestershire:

http://www.thisisgloucestershire.co.uk/scripts/edarticle.asp?section=Local+news&ID=39607&source=E

Disputed ownership

Wales

18 Nov 1999

MP demands return of Glyndwr letter

A Labour MP is calling for the return to Wales of artefacts belonging to Welsh hero Owain Glyndwr from the French National Library in Paris.

BBC News Online:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/uk/wales/newsid_526000/526247.stm

Vandalism

Cornwall

16 Nov 1999

Vandals threaten Stone Age monuments

"Arsonists have attacked the ancient Men an Tol and Lanyon Quoit stones in Cornwall, and threatened to "reduce them to rubble" in protest over unspecified mistreatment of them in the past."

The Guardian 16 November 1999:

http://www.newsunlimited.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,3604,102557,00.html?cantsetcookie=0

Pillage

 

11 Nov 1999

Divers raid seabed war graves for 'trinkets'

British divers have been pillaging coastal sites containing the last remains of sailors who died in the two world wars. Deficiencies in British law mean that there is little or nothing that the authorities can do to stop them.

The Independent, 11 November 1999:

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/UK/Environment/divers111199.shtml

Disputed ownership

London

06 Nov 1999

Greece and UK row over who has cleanest marbles

"The Greek cultural attaché to Britain has accused a British art expert of arrogance and "spouting pseudo-scientific froth" for claiming that the Elgin marbles in the British Museum are in a better condition than the remaining marbles in Athens."

The Independent, 6 November 1999:

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/UK/This_Britain/marblesrow061199.shtml

Peat extraction

 

31 Oct 1999

National Trust urged to vote against peat extraction

National Trust members are to vote against the continued extraction of peat on the Trust's land on 6th November 1999.

British Archaeology, October 1999:

http://www.mailbase.ac.uk/lists-a-e/britarch/1999-10/0229.html

Farming

 

31 Oct 1999

Will an increase in organic farming damage archaeology?

An interesting debate on the British Archaeology email list:

http://www.mailbase.ac.uk/lists-a-e/britarch/1999-10/0211.html

Pylons and masts

Gloucestershire

16 Oct 1999

50-foot Orange phone mast will blight Iron Age hill fort

Mobile phone company Orange has gained permission to build a 50 ft aerial inside the Iron Age hill fort on Churchdown Hill, near Tewkesbury. County archaeologist Jan Wills said the tower was within the Iron Age fort on the top of the hill and could disturb ancient remains of national importance. Churchdown Parish Council also objected to the plan as did the Friends of Churchdown Hill who claimed it could affect the health of people living nearby.

This is Gloucestershire: Future for Orange in Green Belt

http://www.thisisgloucestershire.co.uk/scripts/edarticle.asp?section=Local+news&ID=38244&source=E

This is Gloucestershire: Orange called to talks on mast dispute

http://www.thisisgloucestershire.co.uk/scripts/edarchdisplay.asp?section=Local+news&ID=36030&source=E

Tourism

Suffolk

11 Oct 1999

Tourist centre 'would destroy Saxon site'

The serene peace of Sutton Hoo, the most important Anglo-Saxon burial site in Britain, is in danger of being shattered by plans to develop the area. A café, gift shop, visitor centre, parking for 100 cars, toilets and flats for members of staff will be built on the remote 7th century site in Suffolk by the National Trust after planning permission was granted. Critics fear the identity and dignity of the site will be compromised.

The Guardian 11 October 1999:

http://www.guardianunlimited.co.uk/Archive/Article/0,4273,3910860,00.html

Housing

 

09 Oct 1999

Report destroys Prescott pledge on countryside

The latest report from advisers on the government's revised Regional Planning Guidance forn the South East has ignored calls to recycle urban land and recommended a doubling of homes in the region over the next 16 years. Campaigners in 12 SE counties were already fighting impossibly high housing targets; but the new figures (ranging from a 43% increase in Buckinghamshire to a 120% increase in Surrey) have provoked disbelief, horror, and outrage. Greenfield housing schemes, set to increase dramatically if John Prescott accepts the report's advice, are now one of the biggest threats to archaeological sites and monuments in the UK.

Daily Telegraph, 9th October 1999.

And online: http://www.reocities.com/hgamail/et091099.html

Housing

Perthshire

06 Oct 1999

Housing threatens Bronze age burial site in Crieff

At Crieff in Perthshire, Scotland, a housing scheme threatens to destroy a Bronze age burial site. About 20 years ago, a Prof. Maxwell of Crieff discovered an artefact on the site, which he had verified at either Oxford or Cambridge. Further enquiries are currently underway.

Development

Wales

28 Sep 1999

Iron Age site buried under Britain's biggest warehouse

An Iron Age settlement site on the Gwent Levels in Wales will be destroyed by Britain's biggest warehouse, thanks to accelerated planning permission and an over-hurried excavation.

The Guardian, Tuesday 28th September, 1999:

http://www.newsunlimited.co.uk/uk_news/story/0,3604,86676,00.html

Development

Aberdeenshire

25 Sep 1999

Ancient burial cairn damaged by bulldozer

An ancient cairn has been damaged by a bulldozer working on a controversial Land Rover centre in a Deeside forest. An Aberdeenshire councillor described the incident as reckless vandalism and angry Lower Deeside residents said the damage done to the burial cairn in Kirkton Forest justified their continued opposition to the scheme.

Aberdeen Press and Journal: http://www.pressandjournal.co.uk/articles/news/article036.html

Housing

Wiltshire

22 Sep 1999

Corsham housing scheme threatens Roman burial site

In Corsham, near the World Heritage Site at Bath, 600 houses are planned for a greenfield site steeped in history. There's factual evidence of a Roman grave in a coffin found in the 1940s and reburied, and the site appears to be of importance. But the local authority are turning deaf ears to objections.

If you know more about this development or the site, or would like to help local campaigners with their fight, please email Archaeologists and Development (archdev@reocities.com)

General information on UK housing campaigns:

Urban Regeneration Greenfield Environment Network (URGENT):

http://www.urgent.org.uk

Leisure development

Oxford

14 Sep 1999

Footballers kick archaeology into touch?

The new Oxford United Stadium complex near Littlemore may have a car park built on the remains of an old Benedictine Priory. This site is of Archaeological interest.

If you know more about this development or the site, or would like to know more, please email Archaeologists and Development (archdev@reocities.com)

Leisure development

Co. Durham

12 Sep 1999

Archaeology on tap?

The Sunderland Echo reports consternation over plans to convert Durham University's former archaeology department (a grade II listed building) into a pub on Saddler Street.

The Sunderland Echo:

http://www.sunderland-echo.co.uk/cgi-bin/W3Vfile.cgi/MO=3/UI=80775683737570547033/TF=sunnews1?RI=9524181s

Leisure development

London

26 Aug 1999

Dirty dealings at Crystal Palace?

The site of the former Crystal Palace in London (a remarkable glass and iron structure designed by Joseph Paxton and originally built for the Great Exhibition of 1851) has long been earmarked for development. But plans for a £58 million multiplex cinema and leisure centre are now being rushed through by the London Borough of Bromley, which has sold the site to London and Regional Properties. Protesters (who occupied the site during 1998 until their eviction in Febuary 1999) discovered remarkable artefacts from the Palace, but the rich archaeological heritage of the site has been wilfully neglected by the Borough and its councillors. PPG16 seems to have failed entirely in this case.

A brief summary of the archaeological issues:

http://www.reocities.com/RainForest/Canopy/2065/crystalp.html

Crystal Palace Campaign website:

http://www.crystal.dircon.co.uk/

Quarries

Devon

21 Aug 1999

Superquarry threatens Dartmoor archaeology

Old quarrying permissions dating from the 1950s are threatening a large area of south west Dartmoor, Devon. Field survey has identified extensive archaeological remains in these areas including prehistoric and medieval settlements, field systems, prehistoric cairns and a stone row, and a variety of features connected with medieval and post-medieval tin extraction and tin working. Parts of the area have not yet been systematically surveyed although the richness of the surrounding areas suggests they may also contain many archaeological sites. Please join the campaign to stop the quarry. Read more on our separate page:

http://www.reocities.com/RainForest/Canopy/2065/dartmoor.html

There's a big map of Dartmoor and tourist info here:

http://www.devontourism.directory.co.uk/dartmoor/dartlv1.htm

Housing

Aberdeenshire

14 Aug 1999

Thousands of homes planned for Gordon

Gordon: Developers are scrambling to put up thousands of new homes in Gordon as Aberdeenshire Council signals a major growth in communities. Sterling-based Bett Homes plans to put up 550 homes at Kintore on a 34.8 ha greenfield site, which was once a Roman transit camp. Local councillor Douglas Cameron said: "You wonder how they are going to fill all these houses and then before you know it there are people in them." As usual, it's full steam ahead by the developers pending an archaeological investigation.

Aberdeen Press and Journal: http://www.pressandjournal.co.uk/articles/news/article063.html

Funding

Sussex

14 Aug 1999

Roman Bath house could be reburied

One of Britain's most important buildings, a 1900-year-old internationally important bath house (with hypocaust heating system)at Beauport Park, Hastings, Sussex, is threatened with "reburial" unless the apparently trifling sum of £20,000 can be found to save it. Despite support from leading archaeologists, English Heritage has refused the project a grant (yet thought nothing of spending £10,000 on a logo for New Stonehenge.

The Daily Telegraph (14th August)

General Hastings history:

http://www.astec-comp.co.uk/hastings/history/history.htm

Roads

Wiltshire

14 Aug 1999

English Heritage funds 'barbaric' tunnel at Stonehenge

Former Labour Planning Minister Lord Kennet has described as "barbaric" a plan to double the capacity of the A303 highway near Stonehenge by driving a cut-and-cover tunnel and massive cuttings through the World Heritage Site. See the separate section of this website:

http://www.reocities.com/RainForest/Canopy/2065/stone.html

Eclipse

Cornwall

11 Aug 1999

Eclipse seekers threaten archaeology?

BBC news: "Pagans and archaeologists have warned hundreds of ancient Cornish monuments could be damaged when people flock to the region for the eclipse of the sun. The area which will experience a total eclipse includes the highest number of Neolithic monuments in Britain, including a 6,000-year-old hill fort. This is posing a major worry for archaeologists." Or is it?

BBC news:

http://news2.thls.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/uk/newsid%5f413000/413352.stm

Millenium

Cumbria

06 Aug 1999

Neolithic Mayburgh Henge faces 30 ton modern rival

Cumberland News, 6th August 1999: "Eden councillors have backed a plan to mark the millennium with a 30-tonne granite memorial designed to last for at least another 1,000 years. But one member claimed it would be "cultural vandalism" to place a Christian monument at the proposed site - a field containing the neolithic Mayburgh Henge at Eamont Bridge, near Penrith. the £17,500 memorial has been devised by the organisers of next summer's millennium festival, part of which will be held at the Henge, and it will be dedicated during the event. It will be made out of a solid block of Shap granite, standing 12ft and weighing 25 to 30 tonnes."

Letters of protest needed now. Details of who to write to at this URL:

BRITARCH list: http://www.mailbase.ac.uk/lists-a-e/britarch/1999-08/0059.html

Picture of the Henge: http://easyweb.easynet.co.uk/aburnham/eng/mayb.htm

Roads

Essex

30 Jul 1999

Road protesters dig in at Rettenden

A130 Rettenden Bypass: Road protesters are digging in to stop the £92 million A130 Rettenden bypass, which threatens historic Gorse Wood. King Arthur, Chairman of the Council of British Druid Orders, said: "I am a veteran of many campaigns and I was invited to come down to this one to have a look at the countryside. It's stupid to build this road, especially when it has been put back before because of protests." Truck driver John Meyn, of Meadow Road, Rettendon, came down to meet King Arthur. He said: "I like to lend a bit of support. Taking traffic out of the villages will just put the speed of cars up and that's what causes the accidents."

This is Essex:

http://www.thisisessex.co.uk/scripts/edarticle.asp?section=local+news&ID=37053&source=ESSX

Roads

Yorkshire

30 Jul 1999

Yorkshire road widening could threaten archaeology

A66 North Yorkshire: A multi-million pound scheme announced on 13th July by Transport Minister Lord Whitty will mean two-thirds of the A66 will be upgraded to dual carriageway. Local campaigners argue that the road, which mixes single and dual carriageway sections, has become an accident blackspot. But widening the road will have (so far unspecified) environmental and archaeological impacts. Cheaper, more effective, and less destructive alternatives, such as traffic calming measures (speed cameras etc.), don't appear to have been considered. Ecological and archaeological assessments will be carried out in the next few months.

Peat extraction

 

01 Jul 1999

Archaeology suffers as peat sales rise

Latest government figures report a 57 per cent increase in peat sales to gardeners between 1993 and 1997.

British Archaeology July 1999:

http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba46/ba46news.html#peat

CBA Director Richard Morris explains why we need to stop using and digging out peat:

British Archaeology Dec 1997(?):

http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba28/ba28comm.html

Roads

Hampshire

01 Jul 1999

New conflict over Twyford Down

Twyford Down: The mother of all road protests, Twyford Down, is back in the news. Part of the chalk downland south of England's ancient capital city, Winchester, was "restored" when the M3 motorway was driven through the notorious deep cutting in the Down between 1992 and 1994 (the cutting destroyed an Iron Age village and a unique landscape of medieval trackways known as the Dongas). Now Hampshire County Council want to turn it into a Park and Ride, and John Prescott has given the thumbs up, following a public inquiry in 1998. But local people are outraged at the plan, which would see downland restored from the old Winchester bypass turned back into a car park! A legal challenge (judicial review) is currently underway.

Housing

Birmingham

01 May 1999

Allotment archaeology under threat in Birmingham

Victoria Jubilee Allotments: Dirty dealings in Brum: Westbury Homes is working with an allotment-holding company to sell off a sizeable chunk of the Victoria Jubilee Allotments near Handsworth Park, Birmingham, for 180 houses. An archaeological report by the local unit suggests this may be the site of a former medieval settlement.

Victoria Jubilee Allotments:

http://www.chiron-s.demon.co.uk/danger.html

Roads

Birmingham

01 May 1999

Destructive BNRR will not relieve M6 traffic congestion

Birmingham No Relief Road (BNRR): The Birmingham No Relief Road (BNRR) is a proposed 27 mile, six-lane motorway, running around the north west of Britain's second-biggest city; it will be Britain's first toll motorway. There's archaeological interest, including a medieval and Roman settlement near Wishaw, Sutton Coldfield. Shortly before the 1997 general election, John Prescott said: "I suppose it is ironic but I do not think the BNRR will do anything to relieve such congestion [on the M6] as its supporters insist it will". He seems to have a short memory. Campaigners have recently dropped their High Court legal action after being faced with £500,000 costs (between eight people), but there is still a camp on the route and resistance continues.

Birmingham Friends of the Earth: http://ds.dial.pipex.com/beep/bnrr/index.html

Railways

Kent

01 May 1999

Channel Tunnel rail link will destroy Kent sites

Channel Tunnel rail link: Archaeologists from Oxford Archaeological Unit have now reported results from Kent. They have encountered a number of important sites, including a Neolithic long house, Roman and Saxon cemeteries and a Roman villa with outbuildings and a private temple.

British Archaeology:

http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba44/ba44news.html#rail

Sunday Telegraph 24th January 1999:

http://www.telegraph.co.uk

Roads

Berkshire

10 Jan 1999

Newbury bypass opens to traffic… and fatalities

Newbury bypass: The infamous bypass finally opened in November 1998. The troublesome 9-mile stretch of dual carriageway rips through fourteen archaeological sites, two civil war battlefields (1643 and 1644), four SSSIs, and one SAC... roars past one scheduled ancient monument (Donnington Castle)... passes three times through the North Wessex Downs AONB... crosses two delicate chalk-stream rivers... and then thunders through the playing fields of a nationally renowned school for deaf children.... People haven't forgotten about Newbury, however; a reunion protest in January 1999 closed the road for a day. Tragically, two people have already been killed on the new road since it opened.

"Newbury: the archaeology bypass" by campaigner Jill Eisele: http://www.reocities.com/RainForest/Canopy/2065/salsbury.html - newbury

Third Battle of Newbury: http://www.gn.apc.org/newbury

The Newbury bypass factfile: http://www.reocities.com/newburybypass

"Archaeologists gather at the route of the Newbury bypass", March 1996:

http://www.reocities.com/RainForest/Canopy/2065/newbury.html

Battlefields

Sussex

01 Dec 1998

Hastings battlefield threatened by visitor expansion

Hastings: At the field of Hastings itself (1066), at Battle in Sussex, a new visitor centre and café have been proposed with an upgraded access road.

British Archaeology December 1998:

http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba40/ba40news.html

General Hastings history:

http://www.astec-comp.co.uk/hastings/history/history.htm

Battlefields

Yorkshire

01 Dec 1998

Adwalton Moor threatened by industrial plant

Adwalton Moor, the site of a civil-war battle in 1643, may become the site of a huge new industrial plant.

British Archaeology December 1998:

http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba40/ba40news.html

Pylons and masts

Yorkshire

01 Dec 1998

Anti-pylon campaigners launch website

REVOLT (Rural England Versus Overhead Line Transmissions) is opposing a plan by the National Grid to construct a 50-mile stretch of 299 pylons: http://www.revolt.co.uk

Neglect

Wales

13 Nov 1998

Industrial archaeology made-and saved-in Wales

Many industrial remains enjoy no protection as listed buildings or scheduled ancient monuments. A programme of identification and recording of such sites together with rapid survey of those threatened with destruction or alteration has resulted in many significant archaeological discoveries, changing accepted views of industrial history, especially in South Wales.

RCAHMW industrial archaeology: http://www.rcahmw.org.uk/industrial.html

Quarries

Devon

01 Nov 1998

Devon quarry protesters force - and win - public inquiry

Teigngrace, Devon: Hot on the heels of a direct action protest in 1997, which attracted almost unanimous support from the local community, AQUA campaigners forced a public inquiry... and then won it! They were fighting the massive expansion of a Watts Blake Bearne (WBB) ball-clay quarry at Teigngrace, an attractive village two miles north of Newton Abbot, Devon. Two rivers would have been diverted and the glorious riverside village turned into a moonscape. An important Mesolithic site was initially threatened by the application, but later removed from the quarrying area thanks to decisive action by Devon's county archaeologist. The river diversion application was defeated at a public inquiry in Autumn 1998, after WBB admitted it would have caused disastrous flooding. However, the area remains under threat.

AQUA website: http://www.reocities.com/RainForest/3081/newton.html

WBB website: http://www.wbb.co.uk/

International Rivers Network: http://www.irn.org

Earthrights Solicitors: http://www.gn.apc.org/earthrights/nf/contact.htm

Battlefields

Gloucestershire

01 Nov 1998

Tewkesbury battlefield saved from housing

The results of the public inquiry have now come in: John Prescott has decided Tewkesbury Battlefield is too important to cover with houses! A great result for the local campaigners, and for English Heritage, which made a determined stand over the scheme.

Tewkesbury Battlefield Society: http://www.seven.net/battlefield/index.htm

Comment by Richard Morris: http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba43/ba43comm.html

Article by Simon Denison: http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba25/ba25comm.html

Letter to The Times by Martin Marix Evans: http://www.the-times.co.uk/news/pages/tim/98/02/27/timopnolt01003.html?1306516

Housing

 

22 Jul 1998

Select committee calls for brownfield housing first

The Environment, Transport, and Regions Select Committee of the House of Commons conducted an inquiry into the housing issue during 1998 and produced an excellent report.

http://www.parliament.uk/commons/selcom/etrahome.html

Farming

 

01 Jun 1998

Plough damage 'increased since the onset of BSE'

British Archaeology June 1998:

http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba35/ba35news.html

   

01 Jun 1998

MARS survey shows frightening loss of archaeology

The Monuments at Risk Survey: "The loss of archaeological monuments over the last 50 years has been severe, both in the number of monuments completely destroyed and the proportion nibbled away in piecemeal fashion.... MARS demonstrates that at least 22,500 monuments have been wholly destroyed since 1945- a rate of just over one monument per day over that period. In addition, there has been a 20% decline in the proportion of archaeological earthworks having good survival from 95% in 1945 to about 75% in 1995.... MARS shows that 2% of all monuments (4500) are at high risk of serious damage or destruction within 3-5 years..... [and] 28% of monuments (c.65,000) at medium risk...."

Summary of findings:

http://www.eng-h.gov.uk/archcom/projects/summarys/html96_7/marsstrt.htm

Airports

London

01 June 1998

Why Heathrow Terminal 5 threatens Somerset

Heathrow Terminal 5: May or may not have immediate archaeological impacts, but we have to see the bigger picture. As West London FoE argue: "If T5 is built, other parts of Britain will be destroyed to provide vast quantities of crushed rock, sand and gravel. Transporting these materials will also mean pollution and disruption for communities along the route. T5, the M25 widening and spur road will take about 16 years to build. During the first phase, about 2000 lorries per day will ply to and fro with earth and aggregates, on local roads and the motorways. BAA says T5 needs 2.5 million tonnes of crushed rock alone, most of which would be transported by road. The quarrying will further damage Britain's landscape such as Somerset's Mendips." According to Richard Dixon of Somer Valley FoE: "Whole hills will be removed from the Mendips and for what - another McDonalds and Tie Rack?"

West London FoE:

http://www.wlfoe.demon.co.uk/t5issues.html

Development

Yorkshire

01 Jun 1998

Mill heritage threatened by small-town greed

Kirkstall Valley: Important mill heritage threatened by small-town corruption and greed.

http://www.illo.demon.co.uk/index.htm

Battlefields

 

 

 

 

01 May 1998

What use is the English Heritage Battlefields Register?

Although well-intentioned, the English Heritage Battlefields Register has been a conspicuous failure so far. Of the 41 battlefields listed, two have already been trashed (or partly trashed) for road schemes: Naseby (1644) and the site of the first battle of Newbury (1643). Tewkesbury battlefield (1471) has now been saved from a housing scheme thanks to the intervention of John Prescott. But why do we have to rely on ministerial interventions to shore up a system of designation that carries no real weight in planning disputes? Relying on politicians carries obvious risks; as CBA Director, Richard Morris, wrote recently: "Ministers have yet to see that the historic environment is contemporary, that it is interesting, life-enhancing, all-pervasive, contributes vastly to the nation's economy - and that you can only destroy it once. " With two more of the battlefields now under threat and the non-statutory Register having proved ineffective in successive "battles for battlefields", isn't it time for a rethink?

Housing

Hampshire

01 May 1998

Winchester College plans destruction for preservation

The unique and irreplaceable setting of one of England's most historic cathedral cities could be ruined if Winchester College and Cala Homes get their way and build 3000 houses on green-belt land at the city's edge. Winchester College played a key part in the destruction of the archaeological sites and monuments at Twyford Down when the M3 motorway was constructed between 1992 and 1994. Now it wants to destroy another part of the city. Why? It claims it needs money to preserve its historic buildings. In other words, this is destruction for preservation. But the money the College would generate from building 3000 houses (estimated at £150 million) bears little relation to the few millions it needs to repair its crumbling architecture.

Hampshire Chronicle: http://www.hampshirechronicle.co.uk/

Hampshire Greenfield Alliance is fighting housing and other development campaigns throughout Hampshire:

http://www.reocities.com/RainForest/Jungle/5386

.

Railways

London

01 May 1998

Channel Tunnel rail link threatens St Pancras gas holders

High-speed rail link from St Pancras to the Channel Tunnel will involve the demolition of the famous St Pancras gas holders.

British Archaeology: http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba

Development

Oxford

01 May 1998

Oxford Castle threatened by development

http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba40/ba40int.html

Roads

Oxford

01 May 1998

Mini-Crystal Palace axed in Oxford transport scheme

LMS station: From May 1998, campaigners occupied the grade II*listed LMS station building across the road from Oxford railway station in an attempt to a halt a housing and development bonanza masquerading as an "Oxford Transport Strategy". Around 5000 local people signed a petition against the scheme, which was shamefully ignored by the Council. The station building, which was contemporary with the Crystal Palace and was Oxford's original rail station between 1851 and 1951, is Britain's oldest surviving modern building. It will move to Buckinghamshire as part of the plan; English Heritage has allowed the building to be moved despite advice that it might not survive the disruption.

Oxford Transport Strategy campaign website:

http://users.ox.ac.uk/~transpt

Housing

Wiltshire

01 May 1998

'Disgraceful act of vandalism' for Abbey Meads?

Abbey Meads: The Daily Telegraph (20th April 1998) published details of the threat to Abbey Meads in North Swindon. This is destined to be the largest housing project in Europe, but one part of the site contains a spectacular series of Roman temples. A geophysical survey has revealed temples, nymphaeums, formal gardens and terraces. Site archaeologist Bryn Walters has commented: "It is the only Roman religious site left in Britain surviving in this condition. If it is bulldozed it would be one of the most disgraceful acts of vandalism perpetrated in this country in the last 25 years."

Check out: http://www.oginet.com/chronicles/thetimes.htm

and: http://country.rs.itd.umich.edu/~pfoss/misc.html#vill

Housing

Yorkshire

01 May 1998

Stamford Bridge threatened by housing estate

Stamford Bridge: This important battlefield in Yorkshire, dating from 1066, is threatened by Barratt Homes' greenfield housing.

British Archaeology December 1998:

http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba40/ba40news.html

Quarries

Oxford

28 Mar 1998

Interglacial archaeology heads for rubbish tip

Stanton Harcourt: Archaeologists are rushing to complete excavations on this exciting landfill site west of Oxford, which is owned by Hanson/ARC. The site has produced more information about the interglacial period than any other site in Britain (finds include a lion's jaw bone, a woolly mammoth, an elephant, and a bison).

Airports

Manchester

20 Mar 1998

Important archaeology lost to second Manchester runway

Manchester Airport: 1997's protest has been vindicated with the discovery of important remains on the site of the proposed second runway. "Habitation of the site stretches from the nomadic prehistory of the Mesolithic period to the 17th century. A team of 15 archaeologists, in a race against the clock, have found a large number of worked flint fragments, provisionally dated 4000 BC, revealing Mesolithic man to be a classic hunter-gatherer."

The Times:

http://www.the-times.co.uk/news/pages/tim/98/03/20/timnwsnws02010.html?1306516

Farming

Norfolk

12 Mar 1998

Barmy farmer bulldozes monument

An "absent-minded" baronet allowed contractors to plough up a Roman settlement in Norfolk. "What 1,900 years of farming and North Sea winds had failed to destroy, modern machinery wiped out in hours."

The Times:

http://www.the-times.co.uk/news/pages/tim/98/03/12/timnwsnws01002.html?1306516

Leisure development

Kent

01 Mar 1998

Kent holiday village threatens Domesday Lyminge

Lyminge Forest, Kent, is 440 acres of mixed woodland with diverse wildlife, including badgers, foxes, deer and several rare species of birds. Historians believe that West Wood has existed as a distinct working woodland for aproximately fifteen hundred years. During this time there are records of the woods being used for the gathering of fuel, and many areas still show signs of a long history of coppicing. Mentioned in the Domesday book, West Wood is rich in Iron and Bronze Age remains. There are also Roman remains, and several large bronze-age burial mounds, including six scheduled ancient monuments. Although Rank conducted some superficial investigations, very little exploration has been carried out. The wood is currently owned by the Forestry Commission, and is open and free for anyone to visit. For several years, local people have campaigned against Oasis Villages Ltd, a subsidiary of the giant Rank Corporation, who intend to construct a 'holiday village' for 4,000 tourists, with luxury villas, a boating lake, golf course, restaurants, a pub and a shopping centre. Early last year locals invited protesters into the wood, as a last resort to prevent the development, and treehouses and tunnels were rapidly constructed. Rank have admitted that were it not for their presence, felling would already have started. Possession orders have been granted, and evictions could begin at any time.

Lyminge campaign:

http://www.users.globalnet.co.uk/~weaver/

Quarries

 

20 Jan 1998

Quarrying Lords forget to mention heritage

The 1998 House of Lords debate on killing off the Aggregates Tax (pretending to be a debate on "The Quarrying Industry") makes amusing reading. Most of the Lords involved "declared an interest" in one quarry company or another. A creditable few of them declared an interest in the national parks. No-one declared an interest in our heritage.

http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/ld199697/ldhansrd/

Quarries

Somerset

01 Jan 1998

Quarry protesters evicted without legal process

"It's cheaper for a farmer to use crushed pure quarried limestone to grit muddy gate entrances than builder's rubble, which, in the longterm, is crazy." - Dead Woman's Bottom Protesters.

The protest camp on the route of a proposed £3.2 million link road to Halecombe Quarry was evicted in January 1998 in dubious circumstances.

Dead Woman's Bottom campaign:

http://www.reocities.com/soho/9000/whatley.htm

Roads

Sussex

01 Jan 1998

Hastings bypass campaigners win temporary reprieve

Hastings Bypasses: Campaigners against the Hastings bypasses were given up to another year to kill the controversial schemes after the Labour Government's roads review in Autumn 1997. The Hastings-Bexhill bypass area is rich in archaeological interest. Check out one local campaigner's fascinating web-book all about the Norman invasion, which was submitted to the public inquiry in another courageous attempt to stop the Highways Agency minimizing the importance of archaeology.

Public inquiry web book: http://www.cablenet.net/pages/book/

South Coast Against Roadbuilding (SCAR): http://www.worthing.eco-action.org/scar/

General Hastings history: http://www.astec-comp.co.uk/hastings/history/history.htm

Housing

 

14 Nov 1997

House of Commons housing debate

http://www.parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk/pa/cm199798/cmhansrd/cm971112/debtext/71112-06.htm#71112-06_head0

Housing

 

01 May 1997

URGENT housing network forms

URGENT: an excellent national network of local community groups fighting inappropriate housing schemes that needs your support.

http://www.urgent.org.uk

Housing

 

01 Jan 1997

Friends of the Earth launches national housing campaign

http://www.foe.co.uk/attran/house.htm

Quarries

Somerset

01 Jan 1997

Whatley Quarry expansion threatens Bath WHS

Plans to expand Whatley Quarry in the Mendips by Hanson/ARC are being fought by Mendip Hills not Holes. There are fears increased extraction could damage the supply of water to the Bath hot springs. (Bath is a World Heritage Site.)

Mendip Hills Not Holes:

http://www.hrc.wmin.ac.uk/guest/gaia/watley.html

Quarries

Scotland

01 Oct 1994

Superquarry threatens heritage and culture of Harris

Redland Aggregates' proposed superquarry on the Isle of Harris would supply construction companies mainly for building work in the south east of England. "Even before the development starts, our heritage is being undermined. So far I have not heard one person pronounce Beinn na h-Aire correctly, and even some of the lochs are now referred to by numbers'. The renaming of places and natural landmarks and the obliteration of their traditional names do serious cultural harm to a people who hold their history in the land." For a comprehensive account of the issues, check out:

Friends of the Earth Scotland:

http://www.gn.apc.org/www.foe-scotland.org.uk/priority/harris-superquarry.html

Roads

 

01 Jan 1900

Highways Agency defends itself

In a letter to British Archaeology, Laurie Haynes, Chief Executive of the Highways Agency, states his case.

http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba13/ba13lets.html


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