adopted rules creating a new, noncommercial low power FM
radio (LPFM) service. The new service will consist of stations
with maximum power levels of 10 watts - reaching an area
with a radius of between 1 and 2 miles - and 100 watts -
reaching an area with a radius of approximately 3 Ĺ miles.
some of the jargon Hams use when talking to each other on the
air and in person.
Like any hobby or activity, ham radio has a language all its own.
A se of words and phrases that mean specific things to the hams
you will meet on the air and at ham fests or club meetings.
So to help you get off on the right foot, and sound like you know
what you are talking about, even if youíre brand new to the hobby,
hereís a quick list of some of the more commonly used expressions.
73 - Best Regards, the generic greeting between hams.
CQ - General call to any listening station, quite literally
"seek you." Used when you are willing to talk to anyone who is
CW - Continuous Wave. How Morse code is sent, where the
transmitter is literally turned on and off to make the dots and
DX - Distance, generally taken to mean foreign countries.
Old Man - any ham, no matter his age. On CW: OM.
Packet: A digital communication mode using computers. Kind
of the Internet over the radio. But only text messages, no Web
Q Signals are a shorthand way of conveying information. They are
like the 10-code (10-4, etc.) once used by many police departments
and CB-radio enthusiasts.. Q-signals are used extensively when
communicating by Morse code and on SSB (single side band) or AM
(amplitude modulation) where interference (static or other hams)
is an issue. Some hams say the Q-signals arenít needed on the
VHF frequencies (2 meters and up) because the FM signals are free
from interference, but many hams use them anyway.
Here are a few of the more common ones. Any Q-signal can be turned
into a question, for example: QSL (I confirm or received your
last transmission) becomes QSL? (Did you, or can you, confirm
or receive my last transmission.
QRM: Interference. Tom: I can hardly copy you, Bill the
QRM is bad on this end.
QSL: Confirm a transmission. Tom: Meet me at Billís house.
QSL? (Did you receive this?) Dick: QSL. See you there. (I received
it. See you there.)
QTH: Location Tom: My QTH right now is Gainesville, where
Iím in college. My home QTH is Boston.
QSY: Change frequency: Tom: Iím getting some QRM here,
letís QSY up 50 kHz. QRP: low power. Some hams specialize in QRP
or low power operation. QRP rigs are usually battery operated
and designed for portable or emergency use.
QRS: send more slowly. Donít be afraid to ask if youíre
on a CW band and are having trouble copying the transmission:
Tom: Iím having trouble copying, please QRS.
QRZ: Always a question: who is calling me? Tom: QRZ, this
is K1XYZ. (What station is calling K1XYZ)
QSO: A two-way contact Tom: Thanks for the QSO, Dick, hope
to talk to you again.
Skip - how your radio signal gets to foreign countries,
by bouncing or skipping off thee ionosphere.
TNC - Terminal Node Controller. Connects your computer
to your radio for packet work.
YL - young lady. An unmarried female.
XYL - ex-young lady, a married woman. (Sorry, ladies, I
didnít make this one up, its tradition .