compiled primarily from
Safranski, Rudiger. Schopenhauer and the Wild Years of Philosophy. Trans. Ewald Osers. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1990.
and
Schopenhauer, Arthur. Philosophical Writings. Wolfgang Schirmacher, ed. New York: Continuum Publishing, 1994.

A SCHOPENHAUER TIMELINE

1788
22 February: Arthur Schopenhauer is born in Danzig, the son of the patrician merchant Heinrich Floris Schopenhauer and his wife Johanna, née Trosiener.
1793
Because of the independant city's occupation by the Prussians the family moves to Hamburg.
1797
Birth of his sister, Adele.
July: Arthur travels to Paris and Le Havre, and stays in Le Havre for two wonderful years with the French family of Grégoire de Blésimaire. Friendship with Anthime, the son of the family.
1799
August: Arthur returns to Hamburg where he attends Runge's private school (until 1803).
1803
March: Promised a four-month tour of Europe (Holland, England, France, Switzerland, Austria) with his parents, Arthur decides against a career as scholar in favor of trading as a merchant.
3 May: Journey Begins.
1804
25 August: Journey ends.
September: Apprenticed to merchany Kabrun in Danzig (until December).
1805-7
Apprenticed to the merchant Jenisch in Hamburg.
1805
20 April: Suicide (alleged) of his father.
1806
September: Having wound up the family buisness his mother, with Adele, moves to Weimar.
October: Beginning of the friendship between Johanna Schopenhauer and Goethe. Johanna establishes her tea parties.
1807
May: Arthur terminates his apprenticeship and leaves Hamburg to acquire university entrance qualification at the Gotha Gymnasium.
Because of a poetic lampoon he has to leave the school. He moves to Weimar but does not live at his mother's house. Private tuition. Falls in love with Karoline Jagemann.
1809
Concludes his school studies. Has his paternal inheritence paid out to him, but his mother administers it.
9 October: Starts his studies in Göttingen.
1809-11
Studies at Göttingen University: natural sciences, Plato, Kant.
1811
Easter: Visits Weimar. Schopenhauer to Wieland: "Life is a sorry affair, I have resolved to spend it reflecting on it."
Autumn: Berlin University.
1811-13
Studies at Berlin University. Attends lectures by Johann Fichte, Wolf, and Friedrich Schleiermacher.
1813
2 May: Scopenhauer flees from Berlin because of the war. Short stay in Weimar. Quarrels with his mother. Withdraws to nearby Rudolstadt.
July-November: Writes his dissertation On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason.
5 November: Returns to his mother's house.
Winter: Has conversations with Goethe on color theory.
1814
April: Culmination of arguments between Schopenhauer, his mother and her friend Gerstenbergk.
May: Final break with his mother, a well-known novelist. Schopenhauer leaves Weimar.
1814-18
Lives in Dresden.
1815
On Seeing and Colors.
Draft and execution of the first version of his principal work, The World as Will and Representation.
1818
March: Completes the first version of his principal work, The World as Will and Representation (published 1819). Brockhaus to be the publisher.
Autumn: Starts his Italian journey (Florence. Rome, Naples, Venice).
1819
January: Publication of The World as Will and Representation.
Spring: Birth of his illegitimate daughter. She is dead by late summer.
Summer: Family financial crisis owing to the collapse of the Danzig banking house of Muhl. Schopenhauer therefore returns to Germany. New tensions between him and his mother. Quarrels also with his sister Adele.
25 August: Back in Dresden.
Schopenhauer applies for a lectureship at Berlin University and, with the help of Hegel, is accepted.
1820
29 March: Start of lecture with very low student attendance (attempts to give lectures without success in the following years).
1821
Falls in love with the singer Caroline Medon. Beginning of the "Marquet affair" (physical assault against a seamstress and suit for damages).
1822
22 May: Second Italian Journey (Milan, Florence, Venice).
1823
May: Return. Arrival in Munich. Serious illness, depression (his philosophy is ignored).
1824
Stays at Bad Gastein, in Mannheim and in Dresden.
1825
April: Back to Berlin. Once more, but unsuccessfully, attempts to give lectures. Tries to establish himself as a translator, also unsuccessfully.
1831
August: Flees from Berlin because of a cholera epidemic that causes Hegel's death. Moves to Frankfurt-am-Main.
1832-3
Lives in Mannheim (July 1832-June 1833).
1833
6 July: Settles in Frankfurt-am-Main for the next twenty-eight years, until the end of his life.
1835
On the Will in Nature.
1838
Death of his mother.
1839
Competition essay 'On the Freedom of Human Will', awarded first prize.
1840
Competition essay 'On the Foundations of Morality', not awarded a prize.
1841
The Two Fundamental Problems of Ethics, Treated in Two Academic Prize Essays.
1844
The World as Will and Representation: second edition, amplified by a volume.
1849
Death of Adele.
1851
Parerga and Paralipomena.
1853
Beginning of Schopenhauer's fame.
1859
Third edition of The World as Will and Representation.
1860
21 September: Death of Arthur Schopenhauer in Frankfurt.

© Copyright 1997 Patrick Beherec (or original author)
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