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United States Colored Troops

The following is an unconfirmed list of men serving with Colored Troop units. For the time being, I am under the impression that the majority of these men were only residing in Canada at the time of their enlistment. I am also not certain about the names and information on this list. If anyone has more information I would appreciate being contacted.

USCT = United States Colored Troops (Infantry)

USCHA = United States Colored Heavy Artillery

Abbot, Anderson R.; 7th USCT ?, from Canada. I am fairly certain that he was born in Canada, and he was educated in Toronto. In 1861 he attained his license to practice medicine in Canada. During the Civil War he earned the rank of Captain and served with two other African-Canadian doctors, Alexander T. Augusta and Jerome Riley. In the future, I will most likely compile a longer biography; for now, anyone interested in learning more should refer to "Look to the North Star" [see bottom]

Achim, Anselm; Assistant Surgeon, 41st USCT from Montreal, CE

Adams, John; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Adams, William; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Allen, Henry; 12th USCT, from Canada

Allen, John; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Anderson, James; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Armstrong, James B; 20th USCT, from Montreal, CE

Augusta, Alexander T.; 7th USCT, surgeon from Canada

Bailey, James; 102nd USCT, from Canada West

Benjamin, James; 20th USCT, from Halifax, NS

Blackburn, Benjamin; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Blackwell, Henry; 3rd USCT, from Toronto, CW

Bowles, William; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Boyd, William; 8th USCT, from Canada

Boyer, John; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Breslin, Thomas; 7th USCT, from Montreal, CE

Brown, Henry; Corporal, 18th USCT, from Canada West

Burrell, Edmond; Corporal, 18th USCT, from Canada West

Burton, William; Sergeant, 18th USCT, from Canada West

Camera, Allen F.; 11th USCHA, from Lower Canada [Canada East]

Carter, Frank; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Chandler, William; ----, from London, Canada [West]

Clunie, William; Assistant Surgeon, 10th USCT, from Toronto, CW

Delany, Martin Robison; 104th USCT. He was born in Charles Town, now West Virginia to free Black parents, and earned a medical education, wrote novels and established the Mystery, an anti-slavery periodical in Pittsburgh. He was also associated with Frederick Douglass's North Star and was a friend of John Brown. Sometime in the mid 1850s, Delany left the United States and settled in Chatham, Canada West, which is near Buxton, and established a medical practice there. During the Civil War, he became commander of the 104th USCT, being the first African-American to become a Major in the U. S. Army. More on his life can be found in "Look to the North Star" p. 243 ff.

Doo, Elijah; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Douglass, John; 6th USCT, from Montreal, CE

Fitzgerald, Joseph W.; 9th USCHA, from Middlesex Co., CW

Fromman, William; Sergeant, 18th USCT, from Montreal, CE

Graham, Charles E; 1st Lt, 41st USCT, from Hereford, CE (1)

Gredon, Charles; ------, from Windsor, CW

Green, Major; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Griffin, Henton; -----, from St. Catherines, CW

Hancey, Charles; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Harrison, Charles; 3rd USCT, from Canada

Hawkins, Charles; 3rd USCT, from Canada

Henry, John; 3rd USCT, from Toronto, CW

Henson, James; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Hicks, Jacob; 20th USCT, from Canada West

Hill, Thomas; 18th USCT, from Canada East

Holland, John; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Hutchinson, George; 3rd USCT, from St. John, NB

Jacobs, Jacob; 20th USCT, from Canada West

Jaruis, George E.; 20th USCT, from Nova Scotia

Johnson, Francis; 26th USCT, from Oxford Co., CW

Johnson, William; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Jones, Thomas; 8th USCT, from Canada

Jones, William; 3rd USCT, from St. John, NB

King, Solomon; 102nd USCT, from Buxton, CW

Lewis, John; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Lewis, John; 6th USCT, from St. John, NB

Marks, Jerry; 1st USCT, from Chatham, CW

Martin, John; 20th USCT, from Canada West

Martin, Thomas; 6th USCT, from Canada

Minor, William H.; 8th USCT, from St. John, NB

Monroe, Pryor; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Montgomery, George; 20th USCT, from Canada West

Mosier, John; 3rd USCT, from Canada

Mott, Perry B.; 20th USCT, from St. John, NB

Noden, William; Assistant Surgeon, 10th USCT, from Hampton, CW

Owens, John; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Patterson, Samuel Malden; 102nd USCT, from Canada West

Peaks, James; 1st USCT, from St. Catharines, CW

Pernel, William; 3rd USCT, from Nova Scotia

Phillips, Charles; 3rd USCT, St. John, NB

Postent, Peter; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Ranlain, Edgar; 3rd USCT, from Toronto, CW

Riley, Jerome; surgeon from Canada

Shadd, Abraham W.; 104th USCT, from Buxton, CW. He was a member of the 24th Kent Militia in Canada before enlisting in the Federal army in Detroit sometime during August 1863. He rose to the rank of Captain and served as aide to the unit commander, Major Martin R. Delany. ["Look to the North Star" p. 274 (photo)]

Simmons, John; 1st USCT, from Canada

Singleton, H.; 3rd USCT, from Canada

St. Dana, James; 1st USCT, from Canada West

Taylor, Henry; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Thomas, Henry; 18th USCT, from London, CW

Thomas, William; 102nd USCT, from Canada

Thompson, Joseph; 6th USCT, from Montreal, CE

Thompson, William; 1st USCT, from Canada

Tomson, Albert; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Walker, Andrew; 3rd USCT, from Niagara, CW

Walters, David; 20th USCT, from Halifax, NS

Ward, Thomas; 6th USCT, from Canada

Washington, August; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Washington, Samuel; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Waters, Theodore; 3rd USCT, from Canada

Watson, Jerry; 1st Sergeant, 18th USCT, from Canada West

White, Smith; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Wight, Charles M.; Surgeon, 32nd USCT, from Canada West

Williams, John; 18th USCT, Hamilton, CW

Williams, Peter; 18th USCT, from Canada West

Willis, Thomas; 18th USCT, from Buxton, CW

Wilson, Isaac; 20th USCT, from Canada West











1. also served with the 5th New Hampshire Infantry and 13th New York Infantry



Victor Ullman: "Look to the North Star: A Life of William King" Saunders of Toronto Limited, 1969.

This is a very interesting and readable source on the Buxton Settlement established near Chatham, Ontario. On page 273 the author claims that shortly after it was learned that the First Michigan Colored Infantry was being recruited in Detroit, approximately 70 men from the settlement, many of them members of the 24th Kent Militia, marched off to enlist. This was in mid-August.