Biographies, History and Genealogy of
and other Families in 17th century New France

Nicolas Perrot, 1643/4-1718

Nicolas Perrot
Interpretor and discoverer

NOTES on the PERROT families

Biography, Genealogy & History of Old Canadian Families


as per Danielle Duval LeMyre

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In the 17th c. there were two distinct Nicolas Perrot:

NICOLAS PERROT d’ ABLANCOURT from the Académie Française,
a translator of the Classics, born in Châlons-sur-Marne, on April 5th 1606, who stayed in France.
See his story lower down.

The second NICOLAS PERROT (1643 or 1644-C.1718) came to New France

He was a French Explorer in Canada and the Old NorthWest. Nicolas Perrot was born in France in 1644, the son of François Perrot and Marie Sivot or Sirot
The Dictionary of Canadian Biography, says that his family resided in the province of Burgundy, A DARCEY, EVECHE D'AUTUN and his Father made his living as a lieutenant responsible for justice in the barony(sic) of Darcey.

Nicholas Perrot came to New France around 1660, at 17, and entered the service of the Jesuit missionaries,
thus becoming acquainted with the Indian First Nations and their languages.

Nicolas Perrot and Madeleine Raclos had 11 children. They married in 1671 in Quebec, she was the daughter of Godebon or Ibedon Raclos et Marie Viannot(Viennot), she was a "fille du Roi", orphan of Mother.


Nicolas, born 1674, married in 1714 Marguerite Bourbeau, seven children;
Michel, born 1677, married in Three-Rivers in 1712 Jeanne Baudry;
Marie-Anne, born 1681, mariried in 1715 François Bigot;
Pierre PERROT, born c. 1682, married twice, the second time in 1718 to Marie-Anne LESCARBOT, (daughter of Jean Lescarbot dit Beauceron and Marie-Anne Beaudoin);
Claude, born 1683, married in 1714 Marie Goulet;
Jean, born in 1690, married in 1714 Marie Quintin.

He wrote of the customs of the Indians, as was described in the broken link at:

As per Jamie Kneisler, student at University of Wisconsin - Advisor: Dr. Barbara Rusterholz:
Very little is known of Perrot's early life, although Charlevoix, historian and author of Histoire de la Nouvelle-France believed him to be "a man of good family and some education, whom necessity obliged to enter the service of the Jesuits" (Kellogg, 122)

Claude-Charles Le Roy de la Potherie writes that Perrot left the missionaries after five years of service and immediately visited the Potawotomi and the Fox tribes. After this first introduction to the voyageur way of life, Perrot returned to spend a year as a domestic in the residence of a widow and then as a servant of the Sulpicians at Montreal until the later part of 1667. But that first trip into the largely unexplored woodland was a harbinger: this was to be the beginning of a long and fruitful career as an interpreter, fur trader, and government agent....

In the beginnings of the colony, the individuals or groups utilizing the skills of the interpreters had to pay them generously. The demand was high for knowledgeable and diplomatic people in this field, as they were few in numbers. It is for this reason that the interpreters could demand good payment. Etienne Brûlé received 100 pistols per year for his services. ... The interpreters did indeed have the opportunity to profit from the fur trade as they traveled between government posts, although they were not supposed to use their influence for that purpose......When one thinks of Nicolas Perrot, a Frenchman, speaking the languages of the Native Americans, it is inevitable that the question arises of how Perrot learned to speak them. "He early repaired to the Indian country, and made himself familiar with the Algonquian languages." That quotation, taken from the Wisconsin State Historical Collections, vol. V, was written in 1867 and is representative of the lack of detail contained in biographical sketches of Perrot....

As had Nicolas Marsolet with the Montagnais of Tadoussac, a mentor of Nicolas Perrot who became a Fur trader and in trade about Green Bay, soon acquiring great influence over the Indians of Wisconsin.

In 1670 he was sent to the West by Frontenac to take formal possession for France.

In 1684 he was again called into government service, confered with Duluth and helped bring the Western First Nations into the campaign against the Iroquois.

Perrot was made commandant of the territory about Green Bay in 1685 and opened trade with the Sioux as well as the other First Nations in Wisconsin.

He brought the First Nations to aid again to help in the Iroquois campaigns and in 1689 he formally claimed possession of the Upper Mississippi region for New France; the next year he visited Mackinac to prevent an alliance with the Iroquois tribe.

Probably in 1690 also he discovered the lead mines of SouthWest Wisconsin.

When all trading licenses were revoked, he returned to Lower Canada and was employed as an interpretor in 1701.

He rendered good service in keeping the friendly First Nations allied with the French, but is best remembered for the one memoir which survives out of his many writings:Memoire sur les moeurs, coutumes et religion des Sauvages de l'Amerique Septetrionale(1864). Others of his memoirs were used by Bacqueville de la Potherie and so, survive in part

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Francois Mercure's second wife: Marie Perrot (Perrault) came yet from another line of Perrot originating in Villedaigne in the Languedoc: she was the first child and daughter of Joseph LeFlot Perrot Seigneur d'Argentenay and of Marie Daubigeon Gagne,
who would have a total of nine children together.

Joseph (LeFlot) PERROT was the son of Jacques (Bigot) Perrot, son of JEAN PERREAULT dit Villedaigre.

Incidentally, as would several of Marie's own descendants, we see see two brothers of Marie PERROT marrying two Guyon Lehoux cousins:
Bertrand Gagne PERROT d'Argentenay, her closest brother, born Jan 7 1692 in
Montréal married in Ste-Famille, Ile d'Orléans, Quebec on Feb.2nd 1715, to Marie-Madeleine Lehoux GUYON
(daughter of Claude GUYON & Marie-Madeleine LEHOUX) but she died two years later and he remarried four months later (in 1717) to Angélique Drouin SIMON.
Marie's brother Jacques Gagne PERRAULT, the seventh child of the family,
born on March 19 1702, was married to Marie-Françoise Lehoux GUYON
(daughter of Gervais GUYON & Catherine LEHOUX) born on March 13 1711 in Ste-Famille Î.O
Another sister, Geneviève Perrot born on January 30 1698 in Ste-Famille Î.O. was
married in the Drouin-Loignon family: on November 22nd 1717, Genevieve married
Nicolas Loignon DROUIN (son of Nicolas DROUIN & Marie LOIGNON) born in 1690 also at Ste-Famille, Ile d'Orleans. - Marie Perrot's own descendants would marry into that family again.


1. Marie Perrot d'Argentenay (1690 - )
2. Bertrand Perrault (1692 - )
3. Joseph Perrot (1694 - )
4. Barthélémi-François Perrault (1696 - )
5. Geneviève Perrot (1698 - )
6. Louis Perrault (1699 - 1726)
7. Antoine-Jacques Perrault (1702 - )
8. Augustin Perrot (1704 - )
9. Pierre Perrot (1708 - )

Present at Francois' second wedding on January 31 1707,when he married Marie Perrot, were Philippe de Rigaud, Marquis de VAUDREUIL, Gouverneur du Canada (who signed as a witness and was also close friend of Nicolas PERROT), several merchants and bourgeois from Québec city and... Jean Catelan and Jeanne Carreau dit Lafraicheur, his previous in-laws, who, not only were present but honoured the new couple with an imposing monetary gift.

Francois Mercure was 41 and Marie Perrot was ...17!
Their marriage was nothing less but lavish. They married in the parish of Ste-Famille (on the Île d'Orléans) in a celebration that was tagged : "le marriage les plus somptueux que la jeune colonie aura connu" [the most somptuous wedding the young colony has seen].

It is not surprising that Marie Perrot's wedding was a social event. The Perrot family was important even earlier in the 17th century when
Nicolas PERROT d’ ABLANCOURT (1606-1664) was made member of the Academie Francaise in 1637 in Seat 20. He had followed Paul Hay du Chastelet and when Nicolas Perrot died, he was succeeded by Roger de Bussy-Rabutin

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Pierre Mercure (Solange Chaput)
Joseph, (Father of Louis and Michel who founded Masdawaska)
Jean-Francois(? son or grandson ? - see below for more on this)

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He was born in Châlons-sur-Marne, on April 5th 1606.
He was a fine writer but his strength was used in translating authors like Cicero, Tacite, Xénophon, César, Lucien, etc., as well as Spanish works.
Louis XIV gave him a pension of a thousand pounds, though he refused to make him his historiographer because he was a Protestant.

Chapelin said of him: « Il est de tous nos écrivains en prose celui qui a le style le plus dégagé, plus ferme, plus résolu, plus naturel. Son génie est sublime ; et quoiqu’il soit sans comparaison le meilleur de nos traducteurs, c’est dommage qu’il se soit réduit a un emploi si fort au-dessous de lui."

Voltaire(1694-1778) who was the unsurpassed leading Author in France in the 18th century, at a time when French culture ruled Europe, Voltaire dominated French culture. He chose a career as a writer against the wishes of his father who said he couldn't earn a living as a writer, however, he became a wealthy man before he was 40 years old. He was diversified and wrote in almost every literary form, including 56 plays, historical stories and novels, poetry and epic poems, dialogues, essays, scientific and learned papers, pamphlets, book reviews, and more than 20,000 epistles(letters).

Francois Marie Arouet de Voltaire said of
Nicolas Perrot d'Ablancourt that he was "an elegant translator".

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The Mercures represent a fairly large family in French-Canada.
The name resonnates as one of the 800 founding patronyms of New France
(often referred to as "Les Canadiens de souche")

Francois Mercure, dit de Villenouvelle, near Toulouse, in the Languedoc, born in 1666,
was a friend of Philippe de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil
who became Governor of Canada on August 1st 1703.

In those days, Vaudreuil commandered several offensives against the English, as also Subercase did, and Francois Mercure, as Vaudreuil's personal guard and friend, must have known Anselme d'Abbadie de St-Castin who was held in high esteem by both Governors, Vaudreuil and Subercase, who would ask for his assistance when the British attacked the French colonies. Yes, in 1704 St-Castin had just gotten himself a ship and become privateer.

In later generations the descendants of Mercure and St-Castin would mingle, but now, in this new world where most towns inhabitants were untried newcomers, St-Castin shined.
He stood out so advantageously, not only because he was a native of the land, but because had the experience and advantage of understanding the two worlds involved, both the American and the European world, the French and the English way-of-life, the "whites" and the "red skins" beliefs' systems, the catholics and the protestants' religions, the French and Indian tongues, having been raised partly in Quebec and Riviere St-Jean where his Father, Vincent d'Abadie de St-Castin, a previously Huguenot French noblemen, had been granted land by King Louis XIV for his services with the Carignan Regiment and partly raised in his Mother's Penobscot Abenaki tribe at Pentagoet, Matilda Pidicwanmiskwe, a true Indian princess, daughter of Chief Madockawando (ou Matakando)

Indeed, after one of the attacks on Port Royal, Governor Subercase was commended for his courage, as were also Saillant and Saint-Castin: "On September 8th, 1707 in the Port Royal (Annapolis Royale) offensive, in the battle against Colonel March: the English had 22 ships, including a two war ships (54 guns and the other, 45), 5 frigates (from 18 to 30 guns), 8 brigantines and 7 transports.
The English landed their forces (1600 besides ships' crews) on August the 22nd. It is said, Governor Subercase did not stay behind his walls; he aggressively went out and met the enemy with cannon at both the east and west sides of the Annapolis River (then known as Rivière Dauphin). During this fight, where he lost his life, Antoine de Saillant was outstanding in courage, judged by the survivors as an exceptionally brave fighter, and the same was said for Subercase and the young Baron Castin."

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The descendants of the Mercure & St.Castin families would inter-marry tru the Bourdon, Perrot (Perreault), Loignon and Dussault families.

Francois Mercure held the appellation of "dit de Villenouvelle".
This term of dit de Villenouvelle only refers to the place of birth of Francois Mercure.

Francois came to New France with the Regiment of Vaudreuil, as a guard.
The Vaudreil family owned a castle in the city of Revel, in the south of France, at 5 km from the village of Villenouvelle, which had been built in the 15th century around the prieuré St.Sernin de Goudourville, where the cemetery now is, and the village used to depend directly from the King.
It's fortifications were destroyed in the 18th century.

The church at the top of the page is from the 16th century
and it was there when Vaudreuil and Mercure decide to emigrate.

Villenouvelle is 25 km south of Toulouse, in the Languedoc.
In 1697 several regiments came to NewFrance to fight off the British and those first Nations who were the British's allies.

Marie-Josephe Mercure, (who would become dame Francois-Benjamin Pichon-Toulouse,and be the Grand-Mother of Justine Papin who married Joseph-Nicaise Marsolet Lemire)
was born in Cap Sante, daughter of Pierre Mercure and Solange Chaput,( a distant relative, Marie-Josephe Chaput Senez who was the Mother of Bonaventure Senez Lemire Marsolet whose maternal Grand-Mother was Madeleine Gaudry de la Bourbonniere, Gr.grand-Mother of Joseph-Nicaise LeMire Marsolet, husband of Justine Papin). Josephe Mercure was the Grand-daughter of Francois Mercure and his second wife,

Pierre Mercure (Solange Chaput)
Joseph, (Father of Louis and Michel who founded Masdawaska)
It is not clear if the first Jean-Francois is son or Grandson: there is a Jean-Francois Mercure, son of Jean-François Mercure & Marie-Anne Doré, who marries Marie-Josèphe Toupin-Dussault on Feb. 11, 1765; she was born on July 10 1738 in the Parish of St-François-de-Sales de Neuville. Her GodFather is Joseph Toupin-Dussault; Her GodMother is Marie Gaudin. She dies of pneumonia on June 19 juin 1775, at 37 buried on the 20th at les Écureuils.

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Let us start earlier, in 1697, when Francois Mercure had his first wedding:
François Mercure and Marie Catelan married on January 23, 1697 in Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade (near Trois-rivières). Marie Catelan's health however was fragile: she died in 1701 at the early age of 25. They had no children. Marie Carreau CATELAN was the first child of many children. Marie was born in 1676 and her brother Pierre Catelan was born in 1679, two of the children of Jean Catelan (unsure origin: perhaps he was Le Catalan", soldier of the Berthier company in the L'Allier régiment de L'Allier. He is 30 yrs old in the 1666 Census, in Sillery; 38 in the 1681 census in Portneuf; maybe he arrived 30-06-1665; maybe listed under "Canteleu", in 30-03-1665 at Sillery. In 1671, in Portneuf, one tenant of Rene Robineau de Becancour, son in law of Jacques Leneuf de la Potherie, who got the land purchase from Jacques, is Jean Catelan who takes on two servants, one being a child of eight years old and the other being a young man of 31 years old named Francois (Jugnac) Gignac.

Jean Catelan is witness with Joseph Lemire, in Neuville, to the wedding of Isabelle Ursule Pinelle, daughter of Gilles Pinelle, who marries Michel Coutancineau on February 24 1683.

If we do not know where Jean CATELAN came from, we do know when and where he died: on November 16 1712 at Cap-Santé) and Jeanne Carreau (fourth child of Jeanne Joly LE ROUGE a.k.a. Jeanne LaRouge dit St-Denis or Madeleine Leroux(daughter of Pierre Le Rouge and Marguerite Joly)of Joinville, Champagne) and Louis Caussade CARREAU dit Lafraicheur, (son of Andre Carreau & Jaquette Caussade) of Bordeaux, Guyenne, France
. Marie Catelan was born at the Pointe-aux-Trembles (Neuville) near Québec. (not to be mistaken with the modern city of Pointe-Aux-Trembles located in the Montréal area). In 1690, when Marie Catelan was 14 years old, she was chosen to be GodMother of Jean-Baptiste Toupin dit Dussault, son of Jean Toupin and his second wife,
Marie-Madeleine Mézéray, born c. 1660, daughter of René MÉZERAY DIT NOPCES
(born in 1610 in Thury-Harcourt, Caen, Normandie and died 16 Mar 1695 in Pointe-aux-Trembles, Qué, son of Jean MÉZERAY and Anne OLIVIER; the Oliviers were relatives of the Marsolet in France
) and Nicole Charlot GAREMAN, who had 4 daughters and 7 sons:

Rene Gareman MÉZERAY
Genevieve MEZERAY, veuve Etienne Letellier (7 children), then dame Francois Dussaule

These Mezeray, like the Perrot, were related to a member of the French Academie,
namely Francois-Eudes de Mezeray(1610-1683), the Historian
who sat in the "Fauteuil 33" and was a close friend of Patru and Perrot.

If Marie Catelan was the GodMother of Jean-Baptiste Toupin-Dussault, the child's GodFather was Jean-Baptiste Mezeray (1681-1741).
Jean-Baptiste Toupin dit Dussault (1690-1751) died January 5th 1751, at age 60.

He had been married twice:
first marriage to Therese Desrosiers Turcot with whom he had 13 children:
Louise dite Catherine,
Jean-Toussaint dit Jean-Baptiste (15 children with Marie-Louise Legris PRIVE),
Francois de Sales and

Jean-Baptiste Toupin dit Dussault's second marriage to Marie-Anne Perrault Chapelin
did not produce any children

When we look at the witnesses for the births and marriages of the Toupin dit Dussault family, we notice that the Catelan, Louis d'Ailleboust d'Argentenay (see below for details about Louis' life), the Mezeray, the Bourdon and Guyon families figure prominently as witnesses. There was a strong relationship between these families; I will give you some examples but first of all, here are some details on Jean Toupin:

Jean (Jean-Baptiste) Toupin dit Dussault was the Founder and Seigneur of "Les Ecureuils"; he had been born at Longue-Pointe, Chateau-Richer on December 10 1648, first son of Toussaint Toupin dit Dussault and Marguerite Boucher, his first wife, who were married on Christmas day of 1645. As it was, Marguerite Boucher, daughter of Gaspard Boucher and Nicole Lemere (or Lemaire), was the sister of Pierre Boucher, seigneur de Boucherville, Governor of Trois-Rivieres.

Toussaint and Marguerite had five surviving children:
Jean-Baptiste (connu sous le nom de Jean Toupin Dussault),

When his wife Marguerite died, Toussaint married again in 1669; yes, on June 3rd 1669 in Notre-Dame de Québec there was a double wedding: Father and Son and Mother and Daughter:
Toussaint marrying the widow of Jean Gloria, Marie Bourdon,(1634-1705)(daughter of Louis Bourdon and Marguerite / Magdeleine Prunier who were married on August 25th 1624 in the parish of St-Éloy de Rouen in France; Marie Bourdon was baptised on March 5 1634 in the parish of St-Candé-le-Vieil, Rouen, Normandie. Her GodFather was Nicolas Léger and her GodMother was Marguerite Bourdon. Marie Bourdon was the 5th child and she went to live to Canada with her Uncle Jean Bourdon, "Procureur général du Conseil Souverain" and Engineer in chief of la Nouvelle-France,
and his son Jean dit Jean-Baptiste Toupin Dussault marrying Marie Gloria, her daughter. Marie Bourdon GLORIA would die in a Measles epidemic with four of her children in 1687.

Toussaint had had five children with Marguerite Boucher and Marie BOURDON had had six children with Jean GLORIA, but now
Toussaint Toupin and Marie Bourdon had another 3 children:
Elisabeth-Ursule and
Jean, born in 1675, who married Louise Martin.

So in the household of Toussaint, there were fourteen children.

Jean Toupin, Toussaint's first son, had for GodParents: Jean Cloustier and Marguerite Tavernier, wife of de Massé Gravelle.

Jean Toupin married twice:
First marriage of Jean Toupin was to Marie Bourdon GLORIA, daughter of Jean Gloria and Marie Bourdon (the Bourdon and the Guyon families were both in-laws of the d'Abbadie de St.Castin); Marie Gloria was born on March 14 1654 and her GodFather was none other but the Governor of New France, le chevalier Louis D'Ailleboust, sieur de Coulonge et d'Argentenay. Her GodMother was Jacqueline Potel, Great Aunt,who had raised her Mother, Marie Bourdon. Jacqueline was the wife of sieur Jean Bourdon(1612-1668) born in Rouen. He was married three times:
Jacqueline Potel
Anne Gasnier or Gagne, widow of Clement du Vault,
Marguerite Magloire Legris

JEAN BOURDON, was not only the "Procureur général du Conseil Souverain",but he was a cartographer and land-surveyor, responsible for all the land grants assigned in his territory and he also laid the plans for all the streets of Quebec city (they named the suburb of St-Jean and the Porte St-Jean after him) and the Chateau St-Louis. Well-informed, reliable, and conscientious he was the confidential agent of the governors, who employed him on several missions with success. Jean Bourdon was sent to "parley", reconnoiter and reach agreements for Peace Treaties. Jean Bourdon died when his little-niece, Marie Gloria was 14 yrs old.

The second marriage of Jean Toupin was to Marie-Magdelaine Mézéray, daughter of Jean Mézéray and Magdelaine Masse, born on July 24 1674 in the parish Notre-Dame de Québec. Her GodFather was Pierre Masse and her GodMother was Nicole Magdelaine Masse, wife of René Mézéray. Jean Mézéray, in 1688, was "capitaine de milice" in Neuville, near Quebec city.

The second child and first son of Jean Toupin and Marie Gloria was Michel,
born on January 13, 1676 at the Écureuils, named for his GodFather, Michel Guyon-Rouvray, son of Jean Guyon and Mathurine Robin, from the Perche in France, husband of Genevieve Marsolet, daughter of Nicholas Marsolet de St-Aignan and Marie le Barbier, dite La Barbide. Michel Toupin died at 13, on November 1st, 1688. He drowned along with two other people Jean Dubuc, 49, and Anne Coquincourt, 46, wife of Maurice Olivier In France the Olivier family was related to the Marsolet family.

The relation between Francois Mercure and Jean Catelan (his in-laws) was very good. The Catelan arrive in New France earlier than Francois and were a powerful family. They kept their relationship alive for many years (at least until the death of Catelan). Records and notary minutes often show their mutual presence as witnesses in various sales acts and other. It is possible that Mercure's second marriage to Marie Perrot was a "mariage d'intérêt" as we say, and that his first marriage (Marie Catelan) had been one of love. Regardeless, one thing is for certain: Jean Catelan considered his former son-in-law with the highest regards and vice versa. Also, when he married the second time, Francois did not have any known children and it was probably another determinant for his marriage.

After the death of Marie Catelan(1701), Mercure disappeard for about 5 or 6 years.
Records lost track of him, but it is believed that he joined the ranks of his former Chief of regiment (and probably friend) Philippe de Rigaud, Marquis de VAUDREUIL who was promoted Governor of Canada in 1703.

Mercure reappears in the archives of Sainte-Anne-de-la-Pérade in 1706: a notary act describes the sale of his land where he had lived with Marie Catelan. Further research yields the fact that François Mercure had to sell this land as a condition for marrying Marie Perrot (Perrault) daughter of Joseph Perrot Seigneur d'Argentai.

The Seigneur d'Argentenay imposed this condition probably to "motivate" Mercure to settle down and begin founding a family. Another condition was that he would have to live in Cap Santé in the house that still stands on rue Bois de l'ail.

Around 1721, François Mercure was named Captain of the Militia in Cap Santé (despite the fact that this title was supposed to be granted only to a person whose past was irreprochable and that Mercure had spent some time in jail for having broken the arm of one of his neighbours over a dispute concerning dead wood) tru the agency of Vaudreuil who intervened to allow his former arm-fellow to enjoy the pivileges and duties of the title.

Pierre Mercure is the best-knowned son of François Mercure. He continued the family tradition and was named captain of the militia in Cap Santé.

Joseph Mercure was the Father of Louis and Michel Mercure who helped found Madawaska in northern New-Brunswick.(There is supposed to be a statue in the Madawaska county that recognises the contribution of the Mercure brothers to the creation of Madawaska)

Louis Mercure was also famous as a courrier and woodsman.
He often served Governor Haldiman (first governor of canada after the Conquest [or the Defeat, ... depending on which side you were on!])

One thing is sure however, it took only one generation for the Mercures to branch out into two distinct lineages : the Acadian lineage with Joseph and his sons Louis and Michel; and the Québec lineage with Pierre and I believe another son called Jean-François (often mistaken for François himself). So whatever the lineage, it always comes back to this.

The motto of the Mercure family: "Sans craindre, ni feindre" [Without Fear, nor Feign]

Also in 1707, the same year that Francois Mercure married Marie Perrot,
Bernard-Anselme d'Abbadie, fourth Baron of St-Castin
son fo Vincent, nobleman at the Court of Louis XIV and
of Matilda Pidicwanmiskwe, a Penobscot Abenaki princess married in Port-Royal,
Charlotte Guyon D'Amours de Chauffours

Josephe Mercure, by her wedding to Francois Benjamin Pichon-Toulouse, (son fo Francois-Marie Joseph Pichon-Toulouse, grandson of Francois Pichon-Toulouse and Jeanne Lanthier)
was now allied to the families of:
Simon-Dominique Pichon Toulouse,
Marie Bresac or Marie Brissac,
Zacharie Desjardins,
Antoine Desjardins,
Therese Lemire,
Jean-Baptiste Morin,
Guillaume Bonhomme-Dulac,
Marie Martin,
Noel Berthiaume,
Joseph Lalonge dit l'Espagnol,
Marie-Josephe Poirier,
Jeanne Lanthier,
Jacques Lantier,
Angelique Labry,
Jean Dubreuil, dit St-Felix,
Genevieve Duchesne,
Jacques Varin
(for more info:Go to Papin Family

The grand-daughter of Marie-Josephe Mercure Pichon-Toulouse, Justine Papin would have 14 children with Joseph Nicaise Lemire Marsolet, who would marry in the families of:
Marie Rose Peltier (ou Pelkin Peloquin),
Denis Lesage ,
Edouard Marsolais,
Flavie Dorval,
Basile Papin,
Mathilde Perreault,
Francois Labelle Ptre,
Eulalie Dorval,
Francois Forest,
Adelaide Papin,
Charles Lemire ptre,
Helene Roussin veuve de Bellecourt,
Georges Lesage,ptre,
Florence Brosseau,
Eustache Lemire,
Alfred Dupuis, ptre,
Julie Cloutier,
Médérée Dorval,
Luce Lemire,
Dr.Norbert Chamberland,
Joseph Laporte,
Louise Marsolet,
Jean-Baptiste Forest,
Emilie Guilbaut,
Ferreol Dorval, ptre,
Elie Lemire,
Léa Lemire

Justine Papin's children, by their Father Joseph-Nicaise Lemire Marsolet, were descendants of:
Nicholas Marsolet de St.Aignan and Marie LeBarbier
Jean Guyon et Mathurine Robin
Louis D'Amours and Elisabeth Tessier

The king of France, from 1643 to 1715 was LOUIS XIV
succeeded by LOUIS XV, from 1715 to 1774


The first seigneur d'Argentenay in the Ile d'Orleans fief was Louis d'AILLEBOUST (1612-1660), sieur de Coulonges and Argentenay, Engineer, Third (3rd) Governor & Lieutenant-général of New France
- He came from Coulonges-en-Tardenais, a town in the Aisne; Argentenay, which was in the Yonne (France).

The family had been in the French nobility since the Antiquity.
Pierre d'Ailleboust was the regular doctor of François Ier (King of France from 1515-1547);
Pierre died in 1531, leaving six or seven children.

Jean d'Ailleboust, the youngest child, became the first surgeon of Henri IV (King of France from 1589-1610.

Jean had two sons, Henri, sieur de Mivoisin (Loiret) and Antoine, sieur de Coulonges.

Antoine d'Ailleboust, councillor to the prince of Condé, was married twice and he had at least three children:
- Nicolas d'Ailleboust, from the first marriage, had male sons in France.
- Catherine became a nun at l'abbaye of Reims
- Louis d'Aillebou came to Canada,
(As per: Aeg. Fauteux, La Fam. d'Ailleboust, Montréal, 1917 ).

Louis was born in 1612 at Ancy-le-Franc (Yonne). In Paris, on September 6 1638, he married Marie-Barbe Quéan de Boullogne, daughter of Florentin de Boullogne and Eustache Quéan, who came from Ravières (Yonne).

Marie-Barbe was sickly and the doctors thought she was going to die in a short time, so when she insisted on going to Canada with her husband, they let her come, with her sister Philippine de Boullogne.

Because the couple knew the "Société de Ville-Marie" it was a simple matter to make the arrangements for their passage to New France. In the spring of 1643 they went to La Rochelle to take their ship and they landed in Quebec on August 15, 1643.
The Relations des Jesuites tells of their arrival and how the couple's first action was to go to the Quebec Church to consecrate themselves to God and to the salvation of the First Nations.

In 1645 when M. de Maisonneuve had to go to France, he named M. d'Ailleboust gouverneur-intérimaire.

In 1647 he was chosen to go to the French Court with M. Juchereau des Châtelets to make some representations on some modifications to the Privy Council (Conseil privé).

On the recommendations of the "Compagnie des Cent-Associés", Mazarin chooses him as the successor to M. de Montmagny, on March 2nd 1648; it is a three years nomination.

During this time, for five years, Marie-Barbe, his wife, had been working with Jeanne-Mance in the Quebec hospital. Now, in 1648, she joins him at the Chateau St-Louis, whereas her sister decides to become a nun with the Ursulines de Quebec, where she lived another nineteen years.

Louis d'Ailleboust got a "fief" at l'Ile d'Orleans on July 23rd 1652 which he named "Seigneurie d'Argentenay"

He helped build the Monastery for the Ursulines de Quebec and he accomplished many missions during his time in New France. He was the one who pronounced an Act of War against any Iroquois who would come and stand in front of the forts of Quebec, Trois-Rivieres and Ville-Marie.

On May 31st 1660 he came back to Ville-Marie (Montreal) to die, ten days after their victory at Long-Saut.
The historian Dollier de Casson said that he had a very christian death.

Three years later his wife entered the Ursulines, then went to the Hospitalieres in 1670. She died on June 7 1685 in her own house, next door to the Hotel-Dieu Hospital of Quebec.

The tradition wants that when they were married
the couple had pronounced vows of chastity. There were no children.

For more details about Louis d'Ailleboust's experiences / life in New France, see the French website at

This is a site on genealogy / genealogie, where we come across the Seigneur d'Argentenay,Joseph Perrot, a.k.a. Argentai, whose 17 yrs old daughter, Marie Perrot ( Perrault ) d'Argentenay, Grand-daughter of Marie Daubigeon Gagne, married 41 yrs old Francois Mercure dit Villenouvelle; they would have at least three sons and two of their grandsons, Louis and Michel Mercure, would found MADAWASKA, where Charlotte Guyon d'Amours des Chauffours had been raised on a farm, until 8 yrs old when her Mom died, before she married ST.CASTIN, who went to France to get his Letters of Nobility in 1713 from Louis XIV and received them from Louis XV after some recommendations from Vaudreuil in Quebec

Some informations are taken from:
Columbia Encyclopedia" (1942),
"Histoire de l'Acadie"
par Bona Arsenault (1978)
Sir Charles Lucas "
Historical Geography of the British Dominions: Vol.5 Canada"
Oxford, 1923


Robert E. CHENARD's List of Original Immigrants to New France
LIST in English
Liste de M. Chenard
St.Francis History in English

Voltaire Foundation and Cirey Castle (Mme du Chatelet) (Mezeray)
VOLTAIRE's Cirey Castle, home of his lover, Mme du Chastelet

Genealogie de la region de VILLENOUVELLE, Toulouse
Region de VILLENOUVELLE pres de Toulouse en France

ORGAN: Saint-Eugène d'Argentenay, Dolbeau (Québec)
by Guilbault-Thérien, Inc., Organ makers,
founded in 1946, then in 1968 run by
Andre Guilbaut and Guy Therien(1947-2001)
who had been an apprentice at Casavant Frères
is now run by Alain Guilbaut.

Genealogy Garneau Catelan Mercure Angers

Genealogie: Jean BLAIS fils d'Anne PERROT, Francois MERCURE

References de Genealogie: Enfant de Jean PERREAULT / PERROT
Leflot Perreault Villedaigre

The Port Royal Project by Dr. Donny L. Hamilton
Port Royal, once a haven for pirates, disappeared into the sea during a massive earthquake in 1692. In 1981, the Institute of Nautical Archaeology joined with other organizations to explore the submerged city.
This site tells the story of the underwater excavations.
The Port Royal Project

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