Circassian Culture & Folklore
The contents of the site are edited by Amjad Jaimoukha and powered by SPINDOX for Research and Publication
This site is mainly concerned with the dissemination of Circassian culture and Circassian folklore. There will be an attempt to increase the Circassian language content on the Internet, which is almost non-existent, mainly due to the woeful neglect of the Circassian institutions in the Caucasus (and elsewhere), which, with very few exceptions, systematically fail to put out information in the Circassian language. The usage and status of the Circassian language shall be monitored on this page.
To relieve the pressure on this page, which is allowed a limited bandwidth, alternative sites have been made available at http://jaimoukha.synthasite.com and http://jaimoukha.blackapplehost.com.
Last updated: 5 March 2009
PARLONS TCHERKESSE [Let's Speak Circassian] (New book on Circassian language and culture by Amjad Jaimoukha and Michel Malherbe to be published by L'Harmattan, Paris, Autumn 2009)
A Brief History of Kabarda
ÀÄÛÃÝ ÙÝÍÕÀÁÇÝÌ È ÆÓÐÍÀË: «ÀÄÛÃÝ ÏÕÚÝËÚÀÍÒÕÚÓÝ» (Õýêóæü àäûãýõýì ïàïùIý æóðíàë) [Circassian/English Journal: 'The Hearth Tree': Circassian Cultural Miscellany]
The Status of the Circassian Language and Culture in Circassia: Running the Gamut: A Cyber Odyssey Across the Expanse of Circassian Culture and Language in Circassia
The Statue of Princess Maria in Nalchik
Fascinating Song: Siy Paq!
Circassian Proverbs and Sayings. ÀÄÛÃÝ ÏÑÀËÚÝÆÜÕÝÐÈ ÏÑÀËÚÀÔÝÕÝÐÈ. The whole book is now available on line in .pdf format (201 pages; about 3,000 Circassian entries with English equivalents and comments, the largest collection of its kind to date). Teachers of Circassian in schools in the Caucasus and the diaspora (and the concerned educational authorities) could do worse than make this book part of the curriculum, whereby the students are subtly directed to appreciate the beauty of the Circassian language through learning by rote selected proverbs and sayings (and their equivalents in English, therefore doubling the benefit). It is suitable for students from the elementary stage to university level.
For researchers actively interested in the revival of the Ubykh language and culture
Featured Books and Articles
A Circassian Toast, by Edward Levedev (Celebrated Circassian poet from Panama)
Circassian Bibliographies & Periodicals
‘Keeka rika’, Epic Circassian War Songs, Heroic Chants,
Ballads for the Brave, and British ‘Jingoism’
Circassian Corsets, … a Fashion Craze, Amazons, Disposable Body Parts, and Ancient Circassians:
A Quaint Tale Told in Quotes (Same article in .pdf format)
PDF Converter: http://www.freepdfconvert.com
Forthcoming articles & projects:
Yura Schenibe (Shanibov): The (could-have-been) Circassian Garibaldi
Circassian Figures of Note
[This page is in both Circassian and English and is legible for the readers of either. It is a companion to the book Circassian Culture and Folklore: Hospitality Traditions, Cuisine, Festivals & Music (Kabardian, Cherkess, Adigean, Shapsugh & Diaspora), Bennett and Bloom, 2009. It is a work in progress: last updated 9 October 2008. Comments and contributions are most welcome]
Basic information on Circassia
and the Circassians:
The Circassians (Àäûãýõýð) (updated on Google Knol)
The Kabardians (Êúýáýðäåéõýð) (updated on Google Knol)
The Hatuqwai Nation (Õüýòóêúóåéõýð, å Õüýòóêúóàåõýð)
The Mokhosh, Western Circassians (Ìýõúóýøõýð)
Circassian & North Caucasian Bibliographies:
Circassian Bibliography (Has more than 2,000 entries, including more than 120 online books, articles and dissertations. Last updated: 7 December 2008. New compilation policy: Systematic inclusion of works in Circassian and Russian – books, theses, dissertations, papers, articles)
Circassian Culture & Folklore:
Purveyors of Circassian culture and folklore:
The Circassian Minstrels (Àäûãý ÄæýãóàêIóý) (from the forthcoming book Circassian Culture and Folklore)
The Bag of an Imagined Circassian Minstrel (an ongoing project to recreate an idealized Circassian bard)
Circassian proverbs and sayings:
Circassian Proverbs and Sayings. The whole book is now available on line (some 200 pages; about 3,000 Circassian entries with English equivalents and comments).
Circassian Names (Àäûãý ÿïýöIýõýð) (Collection of lists of original Circassian first names)
Circassian Greetings & Salutes (Àäûãý ôIýõúóñõýð)
Circassian Song Lyrics (Àäûãý óýðýäõýì ÿ ïñàëúýõýð) (a continuously updated collection of song lyrics. Will be divided into genres in good time. Any contribution is most welcome)
Craftsmanship & Cottage Industries:
North Caucasian Weapons
Circassian Language &
The Circassian Language (Àäûãýáçý)
Circassian Language and Culture (Àäûãýáçýðý Àäûãý Ùýíõàáçýðý [Êóëüòóðýðý])
Circassian Lexicography (Àäûãý ïñàëúàëúý ùIýíûãúý; Dictionaries of the Circassian language)
|M. Shafei, a neuro-cognitive specialist, has designed a software package to convert Circassian Cyrillic into Latin. All you have to do is just insert the text in Cyrillic and press convert. It's magic! The scheme, proposed on this site, and in the book The Circassians: A Handbook (pp 320-4), would make it possible to turn documents and literary classics into Latin script, if ever a decision is made to discard insular Cyrillic.|
The Secret Language of the Hunters (ÙàêIóýáçý) (expanded and upgraded on 26 July 2008)
Language of Dissent: Language, Ethnic Identity, and Bilingual Education Policy in the North Caucasus (by: Eve Rachel Greenfield)
Alim Kishoka (Àëèì ÊIûùîêúóý, Ch'ischoqwe, Kishokov): The Kabardian Literary Giant (updated and upgraded on 9 August 2008)
The Role of the Nuclear Family in Language Preservation (Teach your child his mother tongue!)
Circassian Religion & Mythology:
Ancient Circassian Religion & Mythology
Circassian New Year
The Nart Sagas of the Circassians:
Àäûãý íàðò ïñûñýõýð (The Nart Tales of the Circassians)
Selected Nart tales:
Ñîñðûêúóý ìàôIý êúåõü
Sosriqwe Fetches Fire (Circassian equivalent of the Prometheus legend)
Ëúýïù è ãúóùI Iýäýì è
The Story of Lhepsch’s Iron Tongs
More Nart tales
The Social Structure of the Circassians
The Kabardian Class System: Social Hierarchy in Eastern Circassia
The Circassians in Jordan
The Circassians in Jerash (possible booklet project; last
modified: 10 August 2008; comments and suggestions are welcome)
The Circassians in Kosovo Polje
The Circassians in Poland: The Five Princes from the 'Five Mountains'
New booklet: ЖЭМЫХЪУЭ ЛЪЭПКЪЫМ И ТХЫДЭ (The History of the Jaimoukha [Jamoukha, Jamokha] Clan), by: Ahmed (Yura) M. Zhemix'we, Nalchik: M. and V. Kotlyarov Publishing House, 2008. (Тхылъ зытхар: Жэмыхъуэ Мухьэмэд и къуэ Ахьмэдù [Юрэ])
The Circassians in the Mamluk Kingdom
The Caucasian Borderland
North Caucasian Federation: Part I: The Northwest Caucasus: Or, the Recreation of Circassia (and eventually Greater Circassia)
Mapping Circassian Responses to the August 2008 Caucasian War:
Personal Musings on the Current Political Situation of the Circassians and Circassian Independence
Day of Mourning, Day of Hope [Àäûãý ùûãúóý ìàõóý]
If you want to obtain copies of the books shown on this page, please contact SPINDOX for Research and Publication at: email@example.com
SPINDOX is committed to the publication of high quality books on the Caucasus and the Middle East in the West.
SPINDOX also offers editorial and translation services.
The Circassians: A Handbook
Available for purchase.
(ISBN 0 7007 0644 5)
The Chechens: A Handbook
(with contributions from JonArno Lawson)
Available for purchase.
In the Series: Caucasus WorldAlso available in a number of e-book formats from the publishers and Amazon.com
- by Amjad Jaimoukha:
Available for purchase.
The second edition of the dictionary is being prepared. It will be an expanded form of the first edition and will be in a much improved format, grace to the vision and dedication of Mr. Yousef Qursha. Expected time of publication of second edition: early 2010.
The Cycles of the Circassian Nart Epic:
The Fountain-head of Circassian Mythology
Some 3,000 entries in (mainly) Eastern Circassian (Kabardian-Cherkess) in both Cyrillic and Latin orthographies and English equivalents. A feast (to cloyment) for lovers of both the Circassian and English languages. The whole book is now available on line (pdf).
The whole book is available on line (pdf). It was translated from English to Arabic by Amjad Jaimoukha and Munir Bayouk, and edited by Amjad Jaimoukha.
PhD thesis by Amjad Jaimoukha
Five contributions to the Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities: The Circassians, The Kabardians, The Dagestanis, The Karachai, Jordan. 'The Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities is a three-volume, A-Z encyclopedia, with some 600 essay entries that provide quick and clearly written introductions to minority groups and the themes and concepts that help readers to understand the issues. Entries, ranging from 1,000 to 5,000 words, fall into four main categories: Minority, Topical, Biographical, and Country. Each entry will be followed by a brief list of selected further readings.'
"Undergraduate students and general readers will find this three-volume
Encyclopedia a rich source for minority studies... The
entries are nuanced and thought-provoking."
"Because of its wide-ranging scope, rigorous indexing and ease of use,
students and researchers from a variety of disciplines will find the
Encyclopedia of the World's Minorities extremely valuable...
Highly recommended for larger public and academic libraries."
is an invaluable resource for any student or scholar who wants a
convenient, scholarly introduction or review concerning the historical
or current situation of minorities throughout the world."
Book project: Circassia Matters
List of contemporary must-read (seminal) books on the Circassians and associated issues (new)
Essential links to sites that promote the Circassian language and culture (to be activated soon)
Love is an Observant Traveller: Poems by JonArno Lawson
('Constructive' criticism and controversial issues)
This Website has won the Linguascope Hot Site Award, which acknowledges the quality and content, and the dedication to the development of online language material.
This site has been designated "Cool Site" in the
Netscape Open Directory
in the category