Bibliography

I have tried to make this listing as complete as possible, so it includes every text I was aware of as of 1992, even those that I have not been able to locate or that are in languages I cannot read. Certain books and articles are more informative than others; a survey of my notes will show which ones I consider essential.

Also, works by LeRoi Jones and Valerie Wilmer are listed under their currently preferred names: Amiri Baraka and Val Wilmer.

All albums referred to are by Albert Ayler unless stated otherwise.

"Albert Ayler Dead." Melody Maker 12 Dec. 1970: 1.

"Albert Ayler Dead: Drowning." Rolling Stone 24 Dec. 1970: 6.

"Albert Ayler Dies." Downbeat 7 Jan. 1971: 8.

"Albert Ayler, 36, Jazz Saxophonist." New York Times 4 Dec. 1970: 50.

Albertson, Chris. "Jazz: Love Cry by Albert Ayler." Stereo Review Apr. 1992: 71.

Allen, Daniel. Bibliography of Discographies Volume 2: Jazz. New York: Bowker, 1981.

Atkins, R. "Albert Ayler at L.S.E." Jazz Monthly Jan. 1967 12-13.

Ayler, Albert. "To Mr. Jones--I Had a Vision." The Cricket 1969: 27-30.

---. n.t. IT: International Times 13 Mar. 1967: 9.

Ayler, Arlene. "A Word of Thanks." Downbeat 1 Apr. 1971.

"Ayler, Coleman Quartets Play for Trane Funeral." Melody Maker 5 Aug. 1967: 3.

"Ayler Here in Autumn?" Melody Maker 19 May 1966: 1.

Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians. 7th ed. revised by Nicholas Slonimsky. New York: Schirmer, 1984.

Baldwin, W.A. "Albert Ayler--Conservative Revolution?" Jazz Monthly Nov. 1968: 10-13.

Baraka, Amiri. Black Music. New York: Morrow, 1969.

---. "Caught in the Act." Downbeat 27 Feb. 1964: 34. (reprinted Aug. 1989: 62.).

---. Selected Poetry of Amiri Baraka/LeRoi Jones. New York: Morrow, 1979.

---. The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones. New York: Freundlich Books, 1984.

Barton, A. "The Ayler Enigma." Jazz Journal Feb. 1967: 10-11.

Beckett, Alan. "E.S.P. Music." New Left Review 42 (1967): 71-74.

---. "The New Wave in Jazz 4: Free Music." New Left Review 35 (1966): 93-96.

Berendt, Joachim-Ernst. liner notes to Lorrach/Paris 1966. Therwil, Switzerland: hat ART records, 1989.

---. The New Jazz Book. London: P. Owen, 1964.

Berry, Lemuel Jr. Biographical Dictionary of Black Musicians and Music Educators. Guthrie, OK: Educational Books, 1978.

Berton, Ralph. "Conversations with Bernard Stollman." Sounds and Fury Apr. 1966: 36-38.

Blome. Rainer. "Albert Ayler, 1936-1970." Sounds 1970.

Braxton, Anthony. liner notes to Alto Saxophone Improvisations 1979. New York: Arista Records, 1979.

---. Tri-Axium Writings. Oakland: Synthesis Music, 1985. three volumes.

Brotzmann, Peter. liner notes to In Memory of Albert Ayler. Italy: Jazz Door Records, 1991.

Bruyninckx, Walter. Modern Jazz: Bebop/Hard Bop/West Coast. Mechelen, Belgium: 60 Years of Recorded Jazz Team, 1985. 5 vols.

---. Progressive Jazz: Free/Third Stream/Fusion, Mechelen, Belgium: 60 Years of Recorded Jazz Team, 1984. 5 vols.

Burke, Patrick. "Albert Ayler: A Preliminary Checklist of Concert/Club, etc. Appearances..." Discographical Forum May-Nov. 1969.

Carles, Philippe and Jean-Louis Comolli. Free Jazz/Black Power. Paris: Editions Champ Libre, 1971.

Carles, Philippe, et al. Dictionnaire du Jazz. Paris: Laffont: 1988.

Carr, Ian, et al. Jazz: The Essential Companion. London: Grafton, 1987.

Case, Brian and Stan Britt. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Jazz. New York: Harmony, 1978.

--- and Bill Smith. "The Truth is Marching In." Wire Spring 1983: 12-13.

Caux, Daniel. liner notes to Nuits de la Foundation Maeght Volume 1. Shandar Records, 1971.

---. liner notes to Nuits de la Foundation Maeght Volume 2. Shandar Records, 1971.

--- and Jacqueline Caux. "My Name is Albert Ayler." L'Art Vivant Feb. 1971.

Chambers, Jack. Milestones 2. Toronto: Univ. of Toronto, 1985.

Clanghorn, Charles Eugene. Biographical Dictionary of American Musicians. West Nyack, NY: Parker, 1973.

---. Biographical Dictionary of Jazz. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1982.

Cole, Bill. John Coltrane. New York: Schirmer, 1976.

Cook, Richard. "My Name is Albert Ayler." Wire Dec. 1988/Jan. 1989: 60-63.

Cowlyn, Martin. "Discography: Albert Ayler." The Professional Feb. 1974.

Crouch, Stanley. "Albert Ayler: Talking in Tounges." Soho Weekly News 5 Feb. 1976: 36, 40-41.

Crow, Bill. Jazz Anecdotes. New York: Oxford, 1990.

Curnon, Wystan. "The Jazz Avant-Garde." Comment Apr. 1968.

Cuscuna, Michael. liner notes to Saga of the Outlaws. by Charles Tyler. Chicago: Nessa Records, 1978.

---. liner notes to Turns. by Paul Bley. New York: Savoy Jazz Records, 1987.

---. liner notes to Vibrations. New York: Arista Records, 1975.

Davidson, Martin and Jon Goldman. "Albert Ayler: Life and Recordings." Cadence Apr. 1976: 8-10.

Davis, Francis. In the Moment: Jazz in the 1980s. New York: Oxford, 1986.

Delorme, Michel. liner notes to Live in Europe 1964-1966. Paris: Landmark Records, 1991.

Dompierre, Louise. Walking Woman Works: Michael Snow 1961-67. Kingston, Can.: Agnes Etherington Art Centre, 1983.

Dorham, Kenny and Bill Mathieu. "Two Views of Three Outer Views." Downbeat 15 July 1965: 29-31.

Dupont, David. "Roswell Rudd Interview: Part 2." Cadence Nov. 1992: 8-19.

Endress, Gundrun. "Albert Ayler `We Play Peace.'" Jazz Podium 15 (1966).

Erskine, Gilbert M. and Bill Mathieu. "Two Views of the New Wave." Downbeat 27 Jan. 1966: 29.

Feather, Leonard. "Blindfold Test: Booker Ervin." Downbeat 6 Apr. 1967: 41.

---. "Blindfold Test: Jerome Richardson." Downbeat 11 July 1968: 33.

---. "Blindfold Test: Sonny Simmons-Prince Lasha." Downbeat 16 May 1968: 33.

---. The Encyclopedia of Jazz in the Sixties. New York: Horizon, 1966.

---. "James Moody Blindfold Test." Downbeat 22 Feb. 1968: 32.

---. "Jean-Luc Ponty Blindfold Test." Downbeat 26 June 1969: 30.

---. "Oliver Nelson Blindfold Test." Downbeat 7 Sept. 1967: 35.

--- and Ira Gitler. The Encyclopedia of Jazz in the Seventies. New York: Horizon, 1976.

Feehan, Gene. "Black Baseball to Black Music." Downbeat 15 Mar. 1973: 18-21.

"Final Bar." Downbeat 11 Nov. 1971: 9.

Fine, Milo. review of Albert Ayler. Cadence May 1992: 40, 75-76.

---. review of In Memory of Albert Ayler. Cadence Aug. 1991: 17.

Fordham, John. Let's Join Hands and Contact the Living. London: Elm Tree, 1986.

Fox, Charles. liner notes to The First Recordings. London: Sonet Records, 1964.

Giddins, Gary. "The Night Coltrane Terrorized Philharmonic Hall." Village Voice 1 Dec. 1975: 90-91.

Gitler, Ira. "Newport Echoes." Downbeat 7 Sept. 1967: 26.

Gleason, Ralph. Celebrating the Duke and Louis, Bessie, Billie, Bird, Carmen, Miles, Dizzy and Other Heroes. New York: Dell, 1976.

Goldblatt, Burt. The Newport Jazz Festival: The Illustrated History. New York: Dial, 1977.

"Gossip." The Cricket 1969: 60-64.

Gray, John. Fire Music: A Bibliography of the New Jazz, 1959-1990. Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1991.

Griffiths, Pat. "The Silva Lining." Melody Maker 15 May 1971: 32.

Haines, Paul. liner notes to Spiritual Unity. New York: ESP Records, 1964. first pressing only.

Hames, Mike. Albert Ayler, Sunny Murray, Cecil Taylor, Byard Lancaster, Kenneth Terroade: On Disc and Tape. Ferndown, England: Hames, 1983.

---. "The Death of Albert Ayler." Wire Spring 1984: 27-28.

Harrison, Max. Jazz on Record. London: Hanover Books, 1968.

--- et al. Modern Jazz: The Essential Records. London: Centurion, 1975.

Hazell, Ed. "Portraits: Beaver Harris." Modern Drummer Nov. 1989: 51-52.

Heckman, Don. "Albert Ayler." BMI Mar. 1968: 17.

---. "Caught in the Act: A Perspective in Revolution." Downbeat 20 Oct. 1966: 18-19.

Hefele, Bernhard. Jazz-Bibliographie. New York: K.G. Saur Munchen, 1981.

Heinemann, Alan. review of New Grass. Downbeat 24 July 1969: 18.

Hennessey, Mike. "Cherry's Catholicity: The Kalideoscopic View of Jazz." Downbeat 28 July 1966: 14-15.

---. liner notes to The First Recordings. London: Sonet Records, 1990.

Hentoff, Nat. liner notes to Albert Ayler in Greenwich Village. New York: Impulse Records, 1967.

---. "The New Jazz." Vogue 1 Feb. 1966: 177.

---. "The Truth is Marching In." Downbeat 17 Nov. 1966: 16-18, 40.

"Hie Logan, da Ayler. Gesprach um das New Thing." Jazz Podium 14 (1965).

Hoefer, George. "Caught in the Act: Albert Ayler, Village Theatre." Downbeat 18 May 1967: 24-25.

Hollis, Larry. review of Lorrach/Paris 1966. Cadence Nov. 1990: 69-70.

Houston, Bob. "Ayler: What Will Mrs. W. Make of All This?" Melody Maker 26 Nov. 1966: 8.

Iannapollo, Robert. review of Love Cry. Cadence May 1992: 28-29.

"International Jazz Critics Poll." Downbeat 25 Aug. 1966: 25-29.

"International Jazz Critics Poll." Downbeat 24 Aug. 1967: 16-22.

"International Jazz Critics Poll." Downbeat 22 Aug. 1968: 15-22.

"International Jazz Critics Poll." Downbeat 21 Aug. 1969: 16-23.

"International Jazz Critics Poll." Downbeat 20 Aug. 1970: 13-20.

James, Michael, et al. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians. London: McMillian, 1980.

Jarvis, Edward. "Albert Ayler." Orkester Journalen July/Aug. 1987.

Joans, Ted. "Spiritual Unity--Albert Ayler--Mister AA of Grade Double A Sounds." Coda Aug. 1971: 2-4.

Jones, Max. "Are There Enough Fans for Concert Dates?" Melody Maker 23 July 1966: 6.

Jones, Raymond Peter. Jazz. New York: Roy, 1963.

Jost, Ekkehard. Free Jazz. Graz: Universal Edition, 1974.

Kart, Larry. review of Music is the Healing Force of the Universe. Downbeat 15 Oct. 1970: 20.

Kernfeld, Barry, et al. The New Grove Dictionary of American Music. London: McMillan, 1986.

---. The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. London: McMillan, 1988.

Kettle, Rupert. "The New Jazz." The East Village Other 15 Mar. 1966: 5.

Kofsky, Frank. Black Nationalism and the Revolution in Music. New York: Pathfinder, 1970.

---. liner notes to Love Cry. New York: Impulse Records, 1968.

Korteweg, Simon. "Albert Ayler discografia 1962-1968." Jazz Wereld June 1969.

Kostakis, Peter. "Chimes of Freedom." Downbeat Jan. 1989: 40.

Koyama, Kiyosi. "Interview with Albert Ayler." Swing Journal Oct. 1970.

Lange, Art. "Hall of Fame." Downbeat Aug. 1983: 14.

Larkin, Phil. All What Jazz. New York: St. Martin's, 1970.

Le Bris, M. "L'Artiste Vole Par Son Art." Jazz Hot Mar. 1967: 16-19.

"Les Secrets d'Albert le Grand." Jazz Magazine May 1967: 34-39.

Levin, Robert. "Going Outside." Music and Politics. Robert Levin and John Sinclair, eds. New York: World Publishing, 1971.

---. interview with Sunny Murray. Jazz and Pop Feb. 1971: 10-11.

---. "Some Observations on the State of the Scene." Sounds and Fury July/Aug. 1965: 5-6.

--- and John Sinclair. Music and Politics. New York: World Publishing, 1971.

Litweiler, John. The Freedom Principle: Jazz After 1958. New York: Morrow, 1984.

---. "The Legacy of Albert Ayler." Downbeat 1 Apr. 1971: 14-15, 29.

---. "Profile: Charles Tyler." Downbeat May 1984: 56, 59, 62.

---. review of Albert Ayler Volumes 1 & 2. Downbeat 22 June 1972: 18, 20.

---. review of The Hilversum Session. Downbeat Feb. 1982: 45-46.

Lock, Don. "The New Conservativism." Jazz Monthly May 1968: 45-46.

Lock, Graham. Forces in Motion: The Music and Thoughts of Anthony Braxton. London: Quartet Books, 1988.

Maizlish, Mort. review of Spiritual Unity. Sounds and Fury Apr. 1966: 45-46.

Mathieu, Bill. review of My Name is Albert Ayler. Downbeat 18 Nov. 1965: 24.

McRae, Barry. liner notes to Witches and Devils. New York: Arista Records, 1975.

Meadows, Eddie S. Jazz Reference and Research Materials. New York: Garland, 1981.

Mecklenburg, Carl Gregor Herzog Zu. International Jazz Bibliography. Strasbourg, Germany: Editions P.H. Heitz, 1969.

Meeker, David. Jazz in the Movies. New Rochelle, NY: Arlington House, 1977.

Morgenstern, Dan. "Caught in the Act: Bud Powell/Byron Allen/Albert Ayler/Giuseppi Logan." Downbeat 15 July 1965: 12. (reprinted in part as liner notes for Bells. New York: ESP Records, 1965.)

---. "Caught in the Act." Downbeat 7 Apr. 1966: 35-37.

--- and Ira Gitler. "Newport '67." Downbeat 10 Aug. 1967: 20-22, 37-39.

Mortifoglio, Richard. "Riffs: Albert Ayler as Angel of History." Village Voice 7 Aug. 1978: 43-44.

Nabe, Marc-Edouard. La Marseillaise: "Albert Ayler m'Empeche de Dormir:" John Coltrane. Paris: Dilletante, 1989.

Neal, Larry. "New Grass/Albert Ayler." The Cricket 1969: 37-40.

Nettelbeck, F. A. Albert Ayler Dissapeared. Oakland, CA: Inkblot, 1989.

Newman, Melinda, Chris Morris, and Edward Morris. "Album Reviews: Love Cry by Albert Ayler." Billboard 15 Feb. 1992: 47.

Norris, John. "Three Notes with Albert Ayler." Coda Apr./May 1966: 9-11.

Osterman, Robert. "The Moody Men Who Play the New Music." National Observer 7 June 1965: 22.

Palmer, Robert. liner notes to Re-evaluation: The Impulse Years. New York: Impulse Records, 1973.

---. liner notes to The Village Concerts. New York: Impulse Records, 1978.

Parks, Mary. liner notes to The Last Album. New York: Impulse Records, 1971.

Pekar, Harvey. review of Spirits Rejoice. Downbeat 8 Sept. 1966: 28.

The Penguin Encyclopedia of Popular Music. Donald Clarke, ed. New York: Viking, 1989.

Perl, Jed. Gallery Going: Four Seasons in the Art World. Harcourt: New York, 1991.

Pinelli, Joe. "Joy in the New Music." Sounds and Fury Apr. 1966: 43.

Postif, Francois. "Albert Ayler, le Magicien." Jazz Hot Oct. 1965: 20-22.

Priestly, Brian. John Coltrane. London: Apollo, 1987.

Qamar, Nadi. "Titans of the Saxophone." Liberator Apr. 1966: 21

Quersin, Benoit. "Ayler et l'Avant-Garde." Jazz Magazine Feb. 1965: 13.

---. "Les Horizons de Peacock." Jazz Magazine Jan. 1965: 24-31.

Quinn, Bill. "Four Modernists." Downbeat 13 June 1968: 28-29.

---. review of Sunny's Time Now. Downbeat 23 Mar. 1967.

Raben, Erik. A Discography of Free Jazz. Copenhagen: Knudsen, 1969.

---. "I disci di Albert Ayler." Musica Jazz Aug./Sept. 1966. (revised version in Orkester Jounalen May/June 1967.)

---. Jazz Records 1942-80. Copenhagen: JazzMedia Aps, 1989. 1: 423-428.

Rissi, Mathias. Albert Ayler: Discography. Adliswil, Switzerland: Rissi, 1977.

Rivelli, Pauline and Robert Levin, eds. Giants of Black Music. New York: Da Capo, 1979.

Rusch, Bob. "Beaver Harris: Stories." Cadence Feb. 1983: 5-9; Mar. 1983: 12-16; Apr. 1983: 19-21, 46.

---. "Donald Ayler: Interview." Cadence Feb. 1979: 14-17.

---. interview with Seldon Powell. Cadence Nov. 1989: 13.

---. review of Albert Ayler Quintet at Slug's Saloon Volumes 1 & 2. Cadence Mar. 1983: 61.

---. review of Prophecy. Cadence Mar. 1976: 24.

Scheffner, Manfred. Bielefelder Katalog Jazz. Stuttgart: Vereinigte Motor-Verlage, 1984.

Schulte, Han. "Disco: Albert Ayler." Jazz Nu Jan. 1981.

"Seven Steps to Jazz." Melody Maker 14 May 1966: 8.

Shadolan, J. "The Further Adventures of Albert Ayler--New Grass." Journal of Popular Culture 4 (1971): 994-998.

Shapiro, Nat and Nat Hentoff, eds. Hear Me Talkin' to Ya: The Story of Jazz as Told by the Men Who Made It. New York: Dover, 1966.

Shepp, Archie. "Albert Ayler 1934-1970." New York Times 20 Dec. 1970: sec. 2: 33.

Sheridan, Chris. review of Truth is Marching In and Black Revolt. Jazz Journal International July 1989: 26.

Shoemaker, Bill. "Ayler and Beyond." Downbeat Apr. 1991: 38.

Simpson, Frank. "Pop Saves the Avant-Garde!" Melody Maker 13 Apr. 1968: 8.

Smith, Frank. "His Name is Albert Ayler." Jazz (New York) 11 Nov. 1965: 11-14.

Solomon, M. "Bassist Peacock into Zen, Est, ECM." Downbeat 17 May 1979: 9.

Southern, Eileen. Biographical Dictionary of Afro-American and African Musicians. Westport, CN: Greenwood, 1982.

Spellman, A.B. Four Lives in the Bebop Business. New York: Pantheon, 1966.

---. liner notes to Ascension. by John Coltrane. New York: Impulse Records, 1966.

---. "Revolution in Sound." Ebony Aug. 1969: 89.

Straram, Patrick. "Jazz Libre in Quebec." Jazz Magazine Nov. 1967: 12-13.

Steingroot, Ira. review of Vibrations. Downbeat 14 Aug. 1975: 22-23.

"Strictly Ad Lib." Downbeat 26 Jan. 1967: 10.

Swenson, John, et al. The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. New York: Random House, 1985.

Szwed, John F. liner notes to New Grass. New York: Impulse Records, 1969.

Tenot, Frank. Dictionnaire du Jazz. Paris: Larousse, 1967.

Tercient, A., et al. "Albert Ayler." Jazz Hot Jan. 1971: 20-26.

"30th Annual Critics Poll." Downbeat Aug. 1983: 18-21, 62, 66-67.

"31st Annual Downbeat Readers Poll." Downbeat 29 Dec. 1966: 16-22.

"32nd Annual Downbeat Readers Poll." Downbeat 28 Dec. 1967: 20-26.

"33rd Annual Downbeat Readers Poll." Downbeat 26 Dec. 1968: 16-21.

"34th Annual Downbeat Readers Poll." Downbeat 25 Dec. 1969: 15-20.

"36th Annual Downbeat Readers Poll." Downbeat 23 Dec. 1971: 15-20 .

"37th Annual Downbeat Readers Poll." Downbeat 21 Dec. 1972: 14-18.

Thomas, J.C. Chasin' the Trane. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1975.

"Time Listings." Time 17 Dec. 1966: 5.

"Un Soir Autour d'Ayler." Jazz Magazine Sept./Oct. 1971.

van der Mei, Elisabeth. "Caught in the Act." Downbeat 14 July 1966: 30-31.

Vestergaard, Ole. "Spirited Reply to Ayler." Downbeat 9 Feb. 1967: 8.

Welding, Pete. review of Albert Ayler in Greenwich Village. Downbeat 11 July 1968: 26.

---. review of Bells. Downbeat 23 Sept. 1965: 34.

Whitehead, Kevin. liner notes to Pangaea. by Miles Davis. New York: Columbia Records, 1990.

---. review of Swing Low Sweet Spiritual. Cadence Apr. 1983: 47.

Who's Who in America. Chicago: Marquis, 1968. 115.

Wiedemann, Erik. liner notes to My Name is Albert Ayler. Fantasy Records, 1965.

Wild, David. The Recordings of John Coltrane. Ann Arbor: Wildmusic, 1979. 2nd. edition.

--- and Michael Cuscuna. Ornette Coleman 1958-79: A Discography. Ann Arbor: Wildmusic, 1980.

Williams, Martin. Jazz Masters in Transition 1957-69. New York: McMillan, 1970.

Williams, Richard. "Ayler--Beyond This World." Melody Maker 12 Dec. 1970: 25.

---. "Stollman and ESP--a Label Without Myopia." Melody Maker 5 June 1971: 32.

Wilmer, Val. As Serious As Your Life: The Story of the New Jazz. Westport CN: L. Hill, 1980.

---. "Caught in the Act: Berlin Jazz Festival." Downbeat 12 Jan 1967: 23.

---. "Controlled Freedom is the Thing this Year." Downbeat 23 Mar. 1967: 16-17.

---. "Conversation with Call." Melody Maker 21 Aug. 1971: 12.

---. Mama Said There'd be Days Like This: My Life in the Jazz World. London: The Women's Press, 1991.

---. "Mystic Tenor with a Direct Hot Line to Heaven?" Melody Maker 15 Oct. 1966: 6

---. "Ronald Shannon Jackson: A Shaman for the 80's." Downbeat Aug. 1982: 22-24, 68.

Woodard, Josef. "Jazz and the Abstract Truth." Option Nov./Dec 1989: 50.

Woodfin, Harry. "The New Jazz 2: The Breakthrough." Sounds and Fury Apr. 1966.

---. "Wither Albert Ayler?" Downbeat 17 Nov. 1966: 17.

Yanow, Scott. review of The First Recordings: Volume 2. Cadence May 1991: 26.

Zabor, Rafi, and David Breskin. "Ronald Shannon Jackson: the Future of Jazz Drumming." Musician June 1981: 64.

Zwerin, Michael. "`Elmer's Tune' and Ayler's Song." Village Voice 19 May 1966: 22, 25.