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BANGLA CALENDAR

Current Bangla (new calendar): 1409

Western Calendar: 2003
Vikram Samvant (old calendar): 2059
Shaka Era (old calendar): 2080
Baishakh 1 (New Year) = 14th April (Bangladesh)

Baishakh 1 (New Year) = 15th April (West Bengal)

12 Months and 6 Seasons
 

Bangla Months And Seasons

Bangla Months (12)

Name Origin

(Star names)

Season (6)
Boishakh (31) Bishakha Gris(m)o
(Summer)
Jyeshtho (31) Joishtho
Asharh (31) Shar Borsha
(Monsoon)
Shrabon (31) Sraboni
Bhadro (31) Bhadrapodo Sharot
Aswin (30) Ashwaini
Kartik (30) Kartik Hemonto
(Autumn)
Ograyohon (30) Ograihon
Poush (30) Poushya Sheet
(Winter)
Magh (30) Magh
Falgun (30) Falguni Basonto
(Spring)
Choitro (30) Chitra
Sunday
RobiBar (Day of the Sun)
Monday
ShomBar (Day of the Moon)
Tuesday
MongolBar (Day of Mars)
Wednesday
BudhBar (Day of Mercury)
Thursday
BryhoshpotiBar (Day of Jupiter) (GuruBar in India)
Friday
ShukroBar (Day of Venus)
Saturday
ShoniBar (Day of Saturn)

 

An Extremely Concise History Of The Bangla Calendar

Currently the Bangla year is 1409 and on 14th April, 2003. It will be 1410 in Bangladesh while in West Bengal it will be on the 15th April. The difference may be due to certain calendar changes during Gen. Ershad's military and pseudo-civilian rule in Bangladesh (1981-1990).

The zero year of the Bangla calendar coincides with the zero of the Islamic Hijri calendar since it was introduced by a Muslim Mongol conqueror of India, Emperor Akbar, descendant of Babar, Tamerlane and Chenghis Khan. Today the two calendars have diverged and have two different years.

The Bangla calendar was made a solar calendar to better coincide with harvest times and facilitate better collection of taxes. This caused the difference between the Hijri year and the Bangla year. The Hijri lunar calendar is 11/12 days shorter than the solar year and so has raced ahead. The Hijri year today (January, 2003) is 1422 while the Bangla year is 1409.

The Bengali Calendar in use today was created by Emperor Akbar (or rather someone under him) on March 10 or 11th 1584/5 AD. It amalgamated the old Indian calendar and the Islamic Hijri (Arabic) calendar and was originally called Tarikh-e-Elahi... now Bangla Shaal (possibly the name of the old calendar). That was not, however, year zero. Since Akbar had ascended the throne in the year 1556 AD and his new calendar was backdated to that year which was the year 963 in the lunar Hijri era (Islamic calendar). So the new Bangla calendar began at 963 with zero coinciding with the zero of the Hijri calendar.

Akbar's calendar used the months, Karwadin, Ardi, Vihisu, Khordad, Teer, Amardad, Shahriar, Aban, Azur, Dai, Baham and Iskander Miz. However, the months, Boishakh, Joishtho, Asharh, Srabon, Bhadra, Ashwin, Kartik, Agrahayon, Poush, Magh, Falgun, Chaitra are used. Boishakh, Joishtho, etc. are Bengali names as opposed to non-Indian names used by Akbar. The Bangla names from the older calendar prevailed.

Originally in the region, the first of Chaitra was the beginning of the new year but a new date was selected by Akbar and his administration. It was a date selected from both the Arabic and the Bengali calendars. In 963 AH (Hijri) the first arabic month, Muhurram, had coincided with Baishakh (Boishakh). So the first of Boishakh (Pahela Boishakh) was selected as the first day of the year replacing Chaitra first. Even though the names of the original months lived on, the date for the new year was changed.

The number of days in the Bengali months comes from an ancient solar treatise, the Surya Siddhanta which uses the zodiac. The days in months depends on the Sun's stay in a particular zodiac and so the number ranges from 29 to 32. The sun enters the Mesh Rashi (Aires) on 15th April and this is the first day of the Bengali month Baishakh (Boishakh) and also the first day of the year according to the new calendar. In the recent past the number of days were fixed to 30 and 31... and so dates changed.

The same calendar is used in Eastern India (Both Bengals, Assam etc.) In Assam the calendar is called the Vaskar Calendar

 

Bangla Calendar

Compare Bangla with the Indian Calendar

 

Ages of Bangla

Age of Glory Pre-1500BC - 600 BC Settlement of Bangla
600 BC - 320 AD Maritime Expansion into South India, Sri Lanka and Southeast Asia and begining of Buddhism replacing Shiva Hindu.
Age of Empires 320 - 500 AD Gupta Period (Integration into North India)
500 - 750 AD Chaos
750 - 1200 AD Pal Era (Expansion into North India)

Buddhist and learning centre

Age of Darkness 1200 - 1400 AD Decline and foreign invasions
1400 - 1600 AD Early Islamic Period
1600 - 1800 AD Moghul Period but Independent
1800 - 1900 AD British harsh rule, destruction of economy
Age of Revolution 1900 - 1947 AD Anti British revolution, breaking of Bangla (Divide and Rule), Division and Independence of India
1947 - 1952 AD Becomes East Pakistan. Severe oppression, deculturization, language movement
1952 - 1971 AD Final crippling of Bangla economy and genocide in 1971, freedom comes after revolution
1971 - 2000 Corrupt anti-people governments, rise of crime and slow development and gradual change of Bangladesh back to Jihadi Pakistan

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Page Created in March, 2001

Last Updated January 5th, 2003

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